Geranium, which is easy to care for, is one of the most popular houseplants. Initially, this flower was known as wild, but several centuries ago it gained immense popularity among the noble society. Today, there are already about 100 species of geranium plants. Caring for him is so simple that in almost every home you can find this flower. Its leaves are covered with small capsules containing essential oils. Rubbing the leaf, you can immediately feel the specific smell. Geranium oil is used as an external antiseptic.
Geranium room: care
Regardless of the type of plant you have chosen, the sun's rays and fresh air are simply necessary for him. Winter does not particularly scare geraniums - +8 ОС will be enough. Only the ampelous species requires a slightly higher temperature - +12 ОС. The soil that is most suitable for geraniums should be loose, well-drained, acidic or neutral. You can buy a ready-made mixture in the store, or you can cook it yourself by mixing soddy soil, humus, sand. It is betterjust fit small pots. The tops of the plant during growth should be cut to form a bush. Dry leaves must be removed immediately.
In the summer, geranium is also unpretentious - caring for it is complicated only by tillage with mineral fertilizers. It is better to water the flower more often, but very moderately. The soil must not be too wet. Geranium leaves are not sprayed (an exception is a disease). In winter, it is necessary to maintain light soil moisture. Reproduction occurs by seeds and vegetatively. Seeds are best sown in the spring. Sometimes this is done before frost - so when it warms up, they will germinate at the right time. Cuttings are prepared in autumn and planted in spring.
What can prevent geranium diseases? Care and care. If you provide the necessary assistance in time for fungal and viral infections, then the plant can be saved quite easily. Signs of the disease: yellowness of the geranium, black or brown bloom, dryness, twisting or whiteness of the leaves, rotting of the stem. To prevent infections, it is necessary to carefully examine the plant, apply special antibacterial and antifungal drugs, and remove damaged leaves. The main causes of diseases: insufficient ventilation and lighting, high humidity. There is a category of viruses that can enter geraniums through the soil or through contact with other plants. It is important to sterilize the soil before transplanting, and when buying, carefully inspect the plant for the slightest damage. The most dangerous pests are nematodes.When they are defeated, the geranium dies. Characteristic signs - the formation of large nodes on the roots. After this disease, the soil cannot be used to grow other plants.
Geranium flowers, easy to care for, can live up to 30 years. Sometimes less, but most often - at least 15. If you place a geranium in the bedroom or nursery, then you can enjoy the flowering of this wonderful plant all year round.