Pelargonium fragrant: home care

Pelargonium fragrant: home care
Pelargonium fragrant: home care
Anonim

Pelargonium fragrant is a well-known plant that has a lot of useful properties that are effectively used in traditional medicine. The evergreen semi-shrub is a native of South Africa (Cape of Good Hope) and has been grown for artificial purposes because of its decorative effect and in order to obtain essential oils present in the leaves of the plant and its stem.

fragrant pelargonium

In a warm climate, fragrant pelargonium, often called geranium due to the similarity of the leaves of both plants, is grown commercially.

Description of fragrant pelargonium

Fragrant pelargonium is a flower that is completely unpretentious in care, quickly rooting and easily propagating. The stem of the plant is densely branched, woody at the base, a little less than a meter high. The upper leaves, which range in color from pale green to dark shades, are arranged alternately, the lower ones are opposite; petioles are hairy. uniformityoften diluted with splashes of red or burgundy. Pelargonium leaves are decorated with a frill along the edge or deep cuts. The flowers are collected in umbrellas and delight the eye with various colors: purple, red, pink, white. The plant has a mild aroma, fragrant pelargonium with the smell of lilac is very beautiful.

fragrant pelargonium photo

The quality growth of fragrant pelargonium depends on factors such as:

  • good lighting;
  • timely regular watering;
  • warm climate;
  • cropping;
  • pinching;
  • no spraying.

Lighting

Pelargonium fragrant, home care for which is not particularly difficult, feels comfortable on warm and bright windowsills; South windows are most suitable for the plant. The plant is very fond of the direct rays of the sun, with their lack, it ceases to please others with its flowering or it blooms very poorly. Pelargoniums grow well in hanging baskets and pots. These flowers love warm climates, direct sunlight, good drainage.

Containment temperature

In winter, the most comfortable temperature for pelargonium is + 8-10 оС heat, in summer +25-30 оС. Moreover, during this period of time, the plant is recommended to be kept outdoors or on the balcony.

The room in which the flower is located must be regularly ventilated, providing fresh air.

Irrigation

In watering, fragrant pelargonium loves moderation: an excess of watercan cause root rot and leaf wilt. In winter, the supply of moisture needs to be reduced significantly - the plant will quite calmly endure its lack. It is not necessary to spray pelargonium, since the flower does not suffer from dry air at all. This procedure can only be done in summer, at very hot temperatures.

Feeding

Two months after transplantation, pelargonium is recommended to be fed twice, with an interval of two weeks. Improving flowering will be determined by liquid mineral fertilizers (with a maximum of phosphorus and a minimum of nitrogen); the flower assimilates organic raw materials poorly. Feeding is especially important during the period of active growth.

Cutting

In order to ensure lush flowering, pelargonium needs to be pruned every year, leaving shoots with 2-4 nodes. Along the way, yellowed and dried leaves should be removed. To carry out these manipulations, you need to use a sharp knife; it is not recommended to tear off the leaves with your hands, because rotting of the torn edges may begin. It is advisable to sprinkle the cut points with charcoal.

Soil

Fragrant pelargonium, the medicinal properties of which are appreciated by traditional medicine, will feel most comfortable in nutrient-rich soil. It can be a self-prepared composition of peat, sand and garden soil. A good drainage layer should be laid at the bottom of the landing tank. In order to ensure oxygen access to the root system, the earth periodically needs to be loosened.

For growing pelargonium, a smallpot: if the capacity is too spacious, the plant does not bloom so brightly and plentifully. A lush crown of pelargonium can be given by pinching in February or March (removing the growth point). Annual transplantation is recommended for young plants, for adult specimens - as the roots of the flower pot are completely braided.

Reproduction

Vegetatively and by seeds are two ways in which fragrant pelargonium propagates. Home care (photo) is easy if you plant the plant correctly.

fragrant pelargonium care at home photo

With the vegetative method, green apical cuttings with at least 3 leaves are cut at the end of the winter or summer season. The cut is made just below the knot, at an angle. Cuttings need to be dried for several hours; before planting, it is recommended to treat the cut points with a growth stimulator and charcoal. In the planting container, you need to place a substrate from the same parts of peat, soddy soil and sand. A container with plants is placed in a place where diffused bright light penetrates; the soil is constantly sprayed. Rooting occurs within 15-20 days. Then the grown seedlings need to be planted in individual containers. Pelargonium fragrant will begin to bloom approximately 5-7 months after rooting.

fragrant pelargonium home care

When growing pelargonium seeds, they are sown in December-February. As a soil, peat is suitable in its pure form or in combination with sand. Shoots will appear in three weeks. All thistime, the soil needs to be regularly moistened, and young plants need to create a greenhouse effect by covering the container with film or glass. Pelargonium is transferred to a separate container after the appearance of three leaves on it. It is better to pinch when the number of leaves is at least 6. The first flowering of a young plant is observed after about a year.

Problems in growing pelargonium

  • Pelargonium fragrant (photo) does not bloom.
  • fragrant pelargonium medicinal properties

    The reason for this may be the overwintering of the plant at high temperature and bright light.

  • The base of the stem turns black. Perhaps the pelargonium is affected by root rot.
  • The edges of the lower leaves dry; leaves turn yellow. This sign indicates a lack of moisture in the soil. The plant needs to be watered more often.
  • Wilting of the lower leaves, their yellowing and decay. Frequent watering to prevent the soil from drying out. The leaves need to be cut, the places of the cuts should be treated with crushed coal powder.
  • Swellings are observed on the leaves. This indicates an excess of moisture in the soil. Pelargonium watering is required two days after the top layer has dried.
  • Grey rot. Caused by stagnation of water in the substrate.

Whiteflies and aphids prefer pelargonium among pests.

Useful properties of pelargonium

It is believed that fragrant pelargonium is a flower of he alth, protection and love; She is able to cheer up and get rid of negativity. If pink pelargonium flowers bring love to a person, then white ones give the joy of motherhood. fresh pelargonium leavesused to flavor water when taking bath procedures or in the last water when rinsing hair. Pelargonium essential oil, which increases mental activity and physical performance, is widely used in soap making, perfumery and cosmetics. This healing agent is an excellent antidepressant that helps in the fight against the state of fear and anxiety, the restoration of the emotional state and a favorable aura.

Pelargonium essential oil is optimal for sensitive skin; having regenerating properties, it helps in the fight against rashes, peeling, burns, inflammation. Carrying out long-term aromatherapy will help in normalizing blood pressure.

Pelargonium fragrant: medicinal properties

The photo conveys all the beauty of the indoor flower present in the apartments of many amateur flower growers.

fragrant pelargonium with the smell of lilac

High pressure will be relieved by two pelargonium leaves tied to the wrists. In this position, it is recommended to sit near the pelargonium for about 15-20 minutes.

2 pelargonium leaves rolled into a tube and placed in the ears will help get rid of a migraine.

fragrant pelargonium medicinal properties photo

You can get rid of insomnia and increased nervous excitability by using a decoction of a crushed pelargonium leaf, poured over a glass of boiling water and infused for 20 minutes. It is recommended to drink such a remedy twice a day before meals, 50-100 ml each.

Skin diseases can be cured with an infusion ofcrushed leaves of the plant. To do this, you need to pour a tablespoon of raw materials with a glass of boiling water, hold for 5-7 minutes in a water bath, strain, squeeze and bring boiled water to the original volume. Take three times a day, a tablespoon.

Toothache will help to remove a sheet of pelargonium, which, in a carefully kneaded state, must be applied to the focus of pain.

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