Kalanchoe is an evergreen perennial plant, very popular in home floriculture not only because of its decorative appearance, but also due to its unique healing properties.
Kalanchoe pinnate: plant-healer
The most medicinal in folk medicine is Kalanchoe pinnate (otherwise Kalanchoe Briophyllum) - a tall (about 1 meter) plant with a soft standing stem and fleshy bright green leaves: oppositely oval in the lower part, at the base, and pinnately dissected, divided into 3-5 slices closer to the top. Under natural conditions, Kalanchoe pinnate (photo) is common on the islands of Madagascar, in the tropical countries of Africa, Southeast Asia.
The aerial part of the plant is rich in organic acids, polysaccharides, flavonoids, catechins, tannins, vitamin C, macro- and microelements, which is successfully used in the treatment of various diseases. Plant juice has wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties, for which young shoots and fresh leaves of Kalanchoe need to be washed well in running water, kept in a dark place for a week (at a temperature of 7-10 оС), then grindthrough a meat grinder, previously sterilized by boiling. It is required to squeeze the juice from the resulting slurry through 4 layers of gauze, let it stand in the refrigerator for three days, filter and add chloroform (their calculation is 0.5%) for canning.
Kalanchoe in folk medicine
For medical purposes, this healing juice is used to heal wounds, burns and frostbite. It is instilled into the ears, nose and eyes in the treatment of inflammatory processes, runny nose, sinusitis. With a runny nose, the juice of the plant must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 5 and dripped several times a day. In its pure form, the natural preparation also cleanses the nose well, but can irritate the mucous membrane and cause severe sneezing.
In inflammatory processes in the stomach and kidneys, Kalanchoe juice is taken orally, when coughing, it is recommended to drink it with honey. Finely chopped and infused with a glass of boiling water, the leaves of the plant (2 tablespoons) will help in cleansing the skin from acne. This lotion, which eliminates excess oil, tightens pores and disinfects the skin, can be used for daily wiping the face. Pharmaceutical preparations based on Kalanchoe, most of whose varieties have medicinal properties, are widely in demand in ophthalmic and dental practice.
Kalanchoe-based ointment can effectively help affected surfaces (ulcers, burns, wounds). To prepare it, you need to take a quarter cup of plant juice, add 0.5 cups of olive oil (or melted butter), heat it in a water bath and cook infor half an hour, stirring constantly.
Kalanchoe pinnate, whose photo colorfully conveys all the attractiveness of the plant, can be used for culinary purposes. The leaves of this plant are a useful addition to salads, sauces, mashed potatoes and are especially recommended for people with stomach ulcers, pregnant women, those suffering from toxicosis and patients with diabetes.
Easy Kalanchoe salad recipe:
Rinse well and chop Kalanchoe leaves, mix with dill and parsley, s alt and sprinkle with grated boiled egg.
Kalanchoe "cat ears"
From the variety of varieties of Kalanchoe, Kalanchoe Felt stands out with its original appearance compared to the rest. A low (about 30 cm) plant is characterized by weakly branching branches and an upright, semi-lignified stem. The leaves are fleshy, light green, oblong, with slightly visible bright brownish teeth along the edges. "Cat's ears" this type of Kalanchoe is called for the dense light pubescence covering the leaf plates.
Under natural conditions, Kalanchoe Felt blooms with small umbellate inflorescences of red-violet flowers. In room conditions, such a spectacle can be admired quite rarely.
The optimal soil composition for home cultivation is loose soil, well permeable to air and water. This can be achieved by adding a small amount of coarse sand. As the main composition, you can use sheet and sodland in equal parts. Kalanchoe, whose reproduction is a fairly easy process, grows relatively slowly, so it does not need frequent transplants. Adult plants are recommended to be transplanted into fresh soil 1 time in 2-3 years. The size of the containers should correspond to the age of the flower: for young plants, use a small flower pot, for adults - a larger one, in accordance with the dimensions of the Kalanchoe.
For transplanting, the plant must be carefully removed from the pot. It is not recommended to shake the soil from the roots, so as not to damage it. In the prepared container, you need to pour fresh soil into which to transplant the plant. The soil must match the composition of the previous one, otherwise it will be difficult for the flower to take root. The plant will fully adapt in a week.
Reproduction of Kalanchoe is a fairly easy process that uses stem and leaf cuttings. In cut form, they need to be slightly dried, then planted in a sterile substrate and kept in a bright place at a temperature of at least +20 oС, with periodic soil moistening. The cutting takes root in a week. You can wait for the roots to appear by placing shoots with aerial roots in water.
Also, Kalanchoe, whose varieties are characterized by a diverse color palette, is propagated by seeds that need to be sown in loose soil from February to April. Moisturize constantly. Crops should be kept at a temperature regime of 20-23 o С. Emerging seedlings are planted in small containers and waitthe appearance of leaves, then transplant into pots. During growth, young plants often need to be fertilized with small doses of mineral preparations. To form a beautiful bush, it is recommended to pinch the shoots.
These original antlers
Due to its unusual shape, Kalanchoe "deer horns" is widely used in home cultivation, characterized by beautiful, deeply dissected serrate leaves that vaguely resemble shaggy needles.
Its fleshy juicy shoots fall down as the flower grows, and the lower part is gradually exposed, which does not diminish the attractiveness of a perennial plant, often used as an ampelous plant. Able to decorate any surface, Kalanchoe Latianita, as it is otherwise called, is completely undemanding to care for. Decorative properties will fully manifest when located on the southern windowsill.
The main factors for caring for Kalanchoe "deer horns" and other varieties are also:
- Water. Copious but not frequent in spring and summer; rather rare - in winter. Water should be soft, settled. Spraying is optional, except on a very hot summer day.
- Temperature regime. For all types of Kalanchoe, the optimal temperature for growth and development is +18-28 оС in summer and +10-12 оС in winter.
- Feeding, which consists in the periodic introduction of mineral and organic preparations. Of the store options, fertilizers are the most suitable forcacti.
About the "space" variety of Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe tubularis a perennial subshrub with numerous tubular grayish-green leaves, with thin stripes of burgundy or pink. In the upper part of the leaf plates there are a large number of "children" - brood buds, giving the plant a "cosmic" originality.
Leaves are about 10 cm long, oppositely arranged on a bare trunk. The flowers are red, consist of 4 not fused petals. Blooms profusely.
About the stunningly beautiful and fashionable Kalanchoe Blossfeld
Perhaps the most popular in indoor cultivation is Blossfeld's Kalanchoe - a stunningly beautiful succulent (storing water in its tissues) with attractive, very delicate leaves and beautiful flowers. An ornamental plant can radically transform an apartment space by decorating it with colorful flowers. An important factor in successful growth and development is sunlight, with the abundance of which Kalanchoe will feel just fine.
The birthplace of Kalanchoe Blossfeld, named after the German breeder Robert Blossfeld, is the island of Madagascar. In nature, only Kalanchoe with red flowers (rarely orange) grew. Breeding science has adapted the plant to indoor conditions, managing to develop resistant and very beautiful varieties.
Kalanchoe Blossfeld, home care for which is quite simple, blooms from 6 to 8 weeks. Inflorescences according toflowering is recommended to be cut in half. This manipulation is aimed at stimulating further flowering. When the plant has completely faded, it needs to be cut to the first leaves, and the water supply should be reduced. This action will cause the laying of new buds and the next re-flowering.
Home care is the proper feeding of the flower, which must be actively carried out in the summer. When providing lighting for 10 hours and 14 hours of darkness, Kalanchoe, considered a short-day plant, will please with abundant flowering after 4 months. For example, if you want to get a blooming masterpiece for the New Year, you need, starting from the first days of September, to cover it with a dense dark cap or place it in a closet from 18.00 in the evening until 07.00 in the morning. The minimum duration of this procedure is 1 month. With a long period, flowering will be more active and intense. For different varieties, the duration of the “short day” is different, but should not be less than 1.0-1.5 months.
After the appearance of the buds of Kalanchoe Blossfeld, home care for which is easy even for a novice grower, you need to put it on the window and wait for the start of flowering. At this time, the plant needs full lighting, which in winter can be organized artificially. When receiving full lighting throughout the year, the plant will rapidly increase its green mass, but flowering will be scarce and short.
Why Kalanchoe Blossfeldhas become so popular, because before it was a rather rare plant in city apartments? The wide demand can be explained by the huge selection work, the purpose of which was to develop not only medicinal species (as is customary for Kalanchoe), but also beautiful flowering varieties.
Kalandiva is a charming resident of city apartments
The breeding of new species with rich foliage, strong stems, compact form and numerous flowers of different colors was started in 1980. With purple, pink, red, orange, white and even two-tone flowers, Kalanchoe Blossfeld has rapidly gained popularity around the world. The creation of the masterpiece continued in 2002, when a flower was bred that had as many as 32 instead of the usual four petals. Each of them resembled a miniature rose, and the inflorescence as a whole looked like a huge terry ball.
The derived species is one of the dwarf varieties of Kalanchoe Blossfeld and is called Kalandiva. This is a short succulent with fleshy thick shoots, opposite short-petioled leaves, characterized by dark green color and rounded ovoid shape. Erect double flowers are collected in racemose apical inflorescences, pleasing to the eye with a wide variety of colors. Flowering lasts a long period - from 6 to 11 weeks, from the first days of winter to mid-summer. Thanks to professional selection work, Kalanchoe terry is not very susceptible to diseases and, like other species, is not particularly demanding in care.
In indoor floriculture, such a variety of Kalanchoe as Rosalina mix is common - close to the Kalandiva variety, but more miniature. The plant is characterized by bright green, oval leaves with wavy edges. Terry flowers have tones from light orange to purple. In the care of the plant is not capricious. Does not like excess moisture, so Rosalina mix should be watered very carefully and moderately, controlling the water temperature.
Water the plant is required infrequently, but plentifully. Kalanchoe, which has more than 200 varieties, is able to accumulate moisture in the leaves and easily tolerates long periods of drought. An excess of moisture in the soil is not recommended, which can lead to rapid decay of the root system. In the summer, watering is required to be done every 7-10 days. In winter, the supply of moisture is reduced. In cold weather, one watering every two months is enough, with the earthen coma completely dry. In order to avoid stagnant water in the pan, the bottom of the pot should be equipped with a good drainage layer.
Kalanchoe, whose varieties impress with their bright diversity and dissimilarity to each other, is an unpretentious plant that responds well to full-fledged home care. It can be placed anywhere in the apartment, where at least sometimes the sun's rays will fall. It is best to arrange flowers on the western or eastern windowsills. With insufficient light, Kalanchoe will begin to turn pale and die.
The plant is quite loyal to temperatureindicators and is able to tolerate even coolness. Outdoors are recommended in spring and summer. The flower is not afraid of heat, at high temperatures it is recommended to increase the number of waterings.
If the leaves of the plant began to change shape, and the stems began to stretch strongly - it's time for pruning. It is recommended to remove too long stems, which can later be used for seedlings, as well as wilted parts of the plant. In summer, to preserve the decorative shape of the flower, it is recommended to pinch its tops.
Kalanchoe "knows how" to purify indoor air from pathogenic microbes. In folk medicine, "home doctor" or "room ginseng" is widely used to treat and prevent a large number of diseases.
Diseases and pests
Kalanchoe, like any indoor plant, is not immune from the misfortune of diseases and pests. With excessive soil moisture and spraying, it can be affected by powdery mildew. The consequence of excess moisture in winter is infection with gray rot - a grayish coating that forms on the leaves. Treatment of these diseases is carried out by the use of insecticidal drugs.
Of the pests, Kalanchoe can be affected by scale insects, mites and aphids. The mites that cause the plant to dry out can be eliminated by applying insecticides. With aphids that settle on stems and leaves, at the initial stages of appearance, you can fight with a solution of laundry soap. If the entire plant is affected, it will need to be cut and treated with insecticides.
The appearance of scale insects will indicatea grayish coating on the aerial part of the plant, the condition of which deteriorates sharply, a fungus appears, flowering stops. To get rid of the pest, the leaves must be treated with an alcohol solution, the insects should be carefully removed with a brush, and then wipe the affected areas again.