Varieties of dracaena. The most popular indoor plants

Varieties of dracaena. The most popular indoor plants
Varieties of dracaena. The most popular indoor plants
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Dracaena is a popular ornamental plant that is a worthy decoration of office and residential premises.

Description of dracaena

Outwardly resembling a palm tree, this culture has less rigid leaves, narrow, pointed at the ends, with clearly visible parallel veins. The trunk of the plant is straight, the roots are smooth, dark yellow or orange. Flowering dracaena is a rare phenomenon. The flowers are white, small, greenish in color, collected in loose panicles, with a rather unpleasant aroma. The exception is Dracaena Fragrant.

varieties of dracaena

In nature, the plant is found in the form of trees or shrubs in the tropical regions of Australia, Africa, Asia and the Canary Islands. It is in these regions that resin is extracted from dracaena, which is called "dragon blood". The fibers of the leaves, which have the properties of bristles and horsehair, are the basis for the production of household brushes.

Varieties of dracaena

Dracaena - one of the favorite plants in indoor floriculture, has more than a hundred different species. Below are the most popular ones.

  • Dracaena "Song of India". It is a charming flower, characterized by a pale pattern on numerous leaves. Shoots of such a "convenient" plant can beintertwine, braid, fix depending on the flight of fancy, creating creative compositions. This type of dracaena tolerates pruning and requires minimal care.
  • Dracaena Lime. Characterized by decorative green leaves with a beautiful lime-colored edging. This species loves high humidity, which can be provided by regular spraying. The plant also needs good lighting.
  • dracaena deremskaya
  • Dracaena Canary. A highly decorative specimen (under natural conditions it grows up to two tens of meters in height), having a widely spreading crown. The height of the pet is 1.5 meters. The leaves are grayish-green, turning brown in bright light. Branched shoots grow from the main stem, thicken over time.
  • Dracaena Deremskaya. Slow growing tall plant. Under natural conditions, it can reach a height of 5 meters, and in home floriculture with proper care - up to 1.5 meters. The leaves are lanceolate, glossy, about 0.5 meters long and up to 5 cm wide, collected in a rosette. Dracaena Deremskaya grows with a bare trunk, woody over time. Variegated varieties are in greater demand, plants with pure green foliage are less common.
  • Dracaena Godsef. Semi-shrub of small size (about 60 cm in height) originally from the Congo. It is characterized by the original form, formed by densely branching, thin shoots. The leaves grow in several pieces, about 10 cm long, pointed at the end, with wavy edges. Abovecovered with yellow, white, pink or beige spotting. With proper care at home, the plant is able to please flowering. The flowers are yellow-green, collected in racemose inflorescences, have a pleasant aroma.
  • Dracaena Golden. The birthplace of such a deciduous ornamental plant is Nigeria. It is characterized by a shortened thin trunk, glossy, light green leaves (about 20 cm). The leaf plate is covered with transverse stripes of dark green color. This species differs from the rest in the unusual arrangement of leaves on long petioles. The variety is somewhat capricious in care, loves high humidity and temperatures not lower than +22oС.
  • Dracaena Bent. It is characterized by a weak trunk with thin shoots. In room conditions, it reaches a meter height, in nature it grows up to 5 meters. Support is recommended for such a plant. The leaves are long, lanceolate, olive in color, with a characteristic narrowing at the ends. A slow growing species with a large number of hybrids.
  • fragrant dracaena
  • Dracaena Surculosa. Outwardly, it resembles a shrub with numerous branches growing right out of the ground. The leaves are long, pointed at the tip, located on the petioles. Plant height is 3 to 4 meters.
  • Dracaena Hooker. A native of southern African territories is characterized by medium growth, thick stem. Light green leaves are distinguished by wavy edges with a white border. Their length is approximately 70 cm, they are collected in a rosette and located at the very top of the stem.
  • Dracaena Sander. CareThis species is simple, consists in timely watering and top dressing. The plant is relatively compact, with gray-green leaves, somewhat twisted, reaching a length of about 25 cm. The height of an indoor specimen is about 1 meter.

Such a favorite Marginata

Dracaena Marginata (bordered) is an unpretentious species in cultivation, which is characterized by elongated dark green leaves, outlined along the edge with a brownish border.

dracaena leaves

Stem little branching, woody. Under natural conditions, such a tree can grow up to 5 meters in height. Dracaena at home with quality care can grow up to 2 meters.

Fragrant and fragrant

Fragrant Dracaena stands out against the background of other species with white flowers with a pleasant aroma, pleasing with its flowering for 2 weeks: blooming in the morning, closing in the evening. Blooming flowers form a sweetish substance that attracts many insects. Dracaena leaves are bright green, with a silver-gray stripe in the middle. In winter, Fragrant Dracaena can withstand up to -10оС. Easy to care for.

Growing conditions

Acquired dracaena should not be immediately placed among other houseplants, it is necessary to give it 2-3 days to adapt, then carefully check the leaves and stems. If the plant looks he althy, it can be safely determined to a permanent place. Almost all varieties of dracaena love an abundance of light, are able to grow in the shade, do not tolerate direct sunlight.(especially Dracaena Bordered). It is recommended to compensate for the lack of light in winter by artificial lighting.

dracaena at home

Temperature

The optimum temperature at which the indoor flower feels comfortable is 20-25oC heat. In winter, this figure should not fall below 12-15 degrees. Dracaena, whose names are unusual and memorable, has a negative attitude to temperature changes and drafts that can cause the death of a plant.

Water and spraying dracaena

Dracaena should be watered abundantly so that the soil is always moist. Water for irrigation needs soft, settled, room temperature. He does not really like the constantly wet state of the dracaena Marginata, so you should not fill in such a plant. In winter, the supply of moisture must be reduced, preventing the earthen clod from drying out.

All varieties of dracaena need a warm, regular shower (once a week) to remove dust accumulating on the leaves. It is recommended to perform this operation in the morning or in the evening. If the dracaena is not irrigated, then the tips of the leaves will dry out. In addition, spraying is a preventive measure aimed at preventing the appearance of aphids, whiteflies, thrips, spider mites, which can cause tremendous harm.

dracaena sandera care

Also, in order to maintain moisture, a container with a plant can be placed on a pallet with wet gravel. From February to October (once every 2 weeks), the plant needs to be fed with complexfertilizers.

Reproduction and transplantation of dracaena

Dracaena is transplanted: every spring - for young specimens, when the pot is completely filled with the root system - for adult flowers (approximately once every 2-3 years). This can be determined by the roots growing through the drainage holes. Dracaena is propagated by apical cuttings or stem pieces that need to be rooted under a film at a temperature of +25оС. Apical cuttings are obtained by cutting off the upper part from an old plant and rooting it. It is possible to use stem 5-7 cm segments as planting material. The optimal soil composition for dracaena is a mixture of leafy and soddy soil, sand and rotted manure. The plant also needs good drainage.

Diseases and pests

  • If the lower leaves of the dracaena turn yellow, do not panic. This is a natural property of the plant. Green leaves are located only at the top of the stem.
  • If brown spots appear, the plant lacks moisture.
  • If there are light and dry spots on the leaves, this is a consequence of direct exposure to sunlight. The plant needs to be moved to a less lit place.
  • If curled soft leaves with brown edges are observed, this indicates exposure to low air temperatures.
  • If the tips of the leaves are browned, drafts, dry air and lack of water may be the cause.
name dracaena

From pests, all varieties of dracaena can be attackedspider mites, mealybugs, scale insects. If a flower is affected by such parasites, Fitoverm, Aktellik and other insecticides should be used.

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