Cineraria flower: photo and home care

Cineraria flower: photo and home care
Cineraria flower: photo and home care
Anonim

Cineraria flowers belong to the Asteraceae family. Their close relatives are also bastards, which are part of the Astrov family. There are about 50 species of cineraria in the world. In the article we will consider in detail the most popular of them, and also learn everything about how to grow a cineraria flower at home, caring for it and other features of the plant.

Description

Cineraria in your flower bed may look like a herbaceous plant or shrub. If you want to look at this plant in nature, you will have to go to Madagascar or the African tropics.

Decided to get a homemade cineraria flower? Remember that only hybrid cineraria is suitable for this, another name is hybrid ragwort. This is a luxurious perennial plant. Outdoors, cineraria are grown as annuals.

The minimum height of this plant is 30 cm, and the maximum does not reach even 1 m. Large petiolate leaves in the form of an oval or lyre are located on a branched stem. stems havelight fluff. The flowers are collected in inflorescences, which consist of double or ordinary flowers. Reed flowers come in a variety of colors, inside are small tubular yellow flowers. The flowering period of cineraria begins in early June, and ends only with the onset of the first autumn frosts.

cineraria at home

Types and varieties

If we talk about cineraria, which are usually grown in gardens and apartments, then they can be divided into two groups:

  • deciduous - grown mainly in open ground;
  • decorative flowering - more often chosen for home breeding.

Cineraria seaside. It is an ornamental and deciduous perennial plant that does not bloom, but has very beautiful lacy leaves. Such varieties are most often used in landscape design, they decorate flower beds and entire squares. Cineraria is also called silver due to the fact that its leaves are painted in silver color, which looks quite harmonious in combination with plants with beautiful, bright leaves and flowers.

types and varieties of cineraria
  • Cineraria hybrid. This is a decorative flowering plant, which has already been mentioned earlier. It is most often grown at home. Bushes from 30 cm in height are strewn with rich green leaves and bright flowers that look like multi-colored daisies.
  • Graceful Cineraria also belongs to flowering plants. Her bushes are twice as high as those of the hybrid. Double or single flowerscollected in baskets, which then stray into corymbose inflorescences. Each variety of this species can bloom until frost.

Seeds for seedlings

If you want to grow a cineraria flower, stock up on seeds. This plant is not very common in our gardens, so it is rather difficult to find seeds in the hands of gardeners, but it is quite possible to search in stores. After all, you can order online.

By the way, there is good news. The seed germination of this plant is quite high. Seeds are planted for seedlings in early April, which means that you will have time to prepare containers and soil. In order to get a good substrate, it is necessary to mix equal parts of peat and sand, lay a drainage layer. Sowing is carried out directly on the surface of the soil without deepening, however, you will have to press down the seeds a little, but only so that they do not scatter. After disembarking, it is necessary to water them from the sprayer, and cover the containers with glass or thick film to create a greenhouse effect.

how to grow cineraria from seeds

Seedlings

Seedlings of this plant appear quite early. And if not in a week, then in ten days for sure. With their appearance, the glass or film is removed from the container and the seedlings are rearranged in a place where there is a lot of scattered light. When two true leaves appear on the shoots, you can start picking. Each seedling is placed in a separate pot. It is recommended to transplant seedlings into peat pots to make it easier to plant them in open ground. AtWhen transplanting, take out seedlings along with a clod of earth so that they can more easily endure a change of place. If you follow all the recommendations and carry out each operation in due time, then you can plant already fully formed bushes in open ground.

Home care

Special attention should be paid to the cultivation of indoor cineraria flower, as the plant requires care.

First of all, keep an eye on watering. Soil moistening should be regular, and carried out with extreme caution. This is especially true for those flowers that grow in conditions with cool air. For irrigation, settled water is used, even better if it is rain or melt. Make sure that the soil in the pot is always damp, never dry out, but not too wet, as this will cause rotting. When watering, be careful not to get water on the flowers or leaves, try to pour directly under the root. As an option - watering in the pan.

caring for cineraria at home

Humidity

Cineraria flower care at home requires special care. This is mainly due to its origin.

The ideal temperature for the normal growth and development of a domestic cineraria flower is +18 оС, but this figure can be overestimated by several degrees. Temperature is not the main thing. More attention should be paid to air humidity, which should be high, since cineraria is a resident of the tropics. How to be? You can put flower pots on a special tray withwet sand or pebbles.

You can increase the humidity by spraying water in the room. But here you need to be careful, since moisture on the leaves of the plant is prohibited. The room where you plan to place or have already placed cineraria should be well ventilated, but any, even the smallest drafts, should be excluded.

Soil

Cineraria flower care at home also includes the selection of the right soil. Usually, sowing and transplanting plants are planned for the spring, by which time pots for plants and the soil in which they will be planted should be prepared. You can simply buy the necessary substrate in the store, but it is better to cook it yourself. To do this, it is enough to mix leafy soil, compost and peat in equal parts. Do not forget about the drainage layer, which will not allow moisture to stagnate. You can add a few pieces of tree bark to the soil to improve breathability.

cineraria hybrida

Feeding

For the normal growth and development of this plant, it needs nutritious soil, as well as timely fertilization. As top dressing, a complex mineral fertilizer is well suited, which is necessary during the flowering period. Fertilizer is applied every two weeks. If your plant is not sick with anything and no pests bother it, you will soon admire bright, beautiful flowers.

cultivation of cineraria

Reproduction

Decorative flowering species can only reproduce in a generative way, about whichwas discussed earlier in the article. As for decorative leafy species, they can also be propagated vegetatively.

Primorskaya cineraria propagated by cuttings in the summer. First of all, you need to get a special container in which you will place the 10-centimeter cuttings after cutting them. Why is this needed? With a large capacity, it is much easier to move around, since the cuttings will take root on the street, and from time to time you will have to change their location so that direct sunlight does not fall on them.

The bottom of the box must have drainage holes. A layer of garden soil and sand 10 cm high is poured on top, 7 cm of coarse-grained river sand are laid out and the surface of the resulting substrate is leveled. After that, they are watered with a pre-prepared light pink solution of potassium permanganate.

The bottom of the cutting should be treated with a special preparation "Kornevin", which will accelerate the formation of roots, and stuck into the ground, slightly pressing down on the ground around to fix it in place. After planting, all cuttings should be covered with cut plastic bottles, which will help create the effect of a greenhouse. In this position, the cuttings are until you are sure that they are rooted.

Watering is done right on top of the bottles every two days, but only if it's really needed. Rooted cuttings must be accustomed to the environment in which they will live. For this purpose, bottles are removed from them for several hours daily. On a cloudy or rainy day, take the bottles off for good. For the winter boxes withcuttings are placed in a cool place, and in the spring they can be safely planted in the ground.

seaside cineraria

Pests and diseases

Caring for the cineraria flower, the photo of which you see in the article, also provides for the control of diseases and pest attacks.

The most common disease that occurs in a plant is gray rot. This disease is quite common not only among garden plants, but also among indoor plants. It is not difficult to recognize it: fresh leaves and flowers begin to crumble from the plant. You can fight gray rot with the help of special preparations. After treatment, the plant recovers completely.

Another disease is Alternaria. You will also notice it right away: the leaves of the flower will be covered with brown spots with a dark border. In this case, it is best to join the fight armed with fungicides.

The plant is not immune from the appearance of various insects. The most common are butterflies, aphids and whiteflies. They can be defeated by treating them with insecticides.

So, in the article we looked at photos of cineraria flowers, caring for them and breeding features. Gardeners fell in love with this plant because of the relative ease of maintenance and the duration of flowering. With a minimum of effort, you can get a beautiful decoration for a garden, apartment or loggia.

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