Citrus fruits have long ceased to be exotic for us. Lemons, oranges, tangerines can be easily bought at the market or at the nearest supermarket. But it's much more interesting to grow a real lemon tree and drink tea with your own fruits.
His Highness Prince Lemon
For starters, it is worth noting that this frequent guest on our table did not come from anywhere, but from hot and humid subtropics. However, he reliably settled down in winter gardens, halls and living rooms and has long been grown from an ordinary bone. Therefore, of course, the question immediately arises: "How to care for a lemon at home so that it bears fruit?" We will answer this way: "For these purposes, it is better to buy a tree in a store, already grafted." Or to vaccinate yourself, which is not so easy. Plus, knowing which variety to breed. Large and fleshy fruits grow primarily on trees of two varieties of lemons: Ponderosa and Meyer. If we consider the work of Russianbreeders, then attention should be paid to the Pavlodar lemon. All three types of trees have been cultivated and feel good in tubs and flowerpots. In height, they stretch under favorable growth conditions up to one and a half meters, they are quite sprawling. Therefore, knowing how to care for a lemon at home, experienced growers of a young plant must pinch all new shoots. Why is this needed: when the upper bud is removed, and 2-3 leaves remain on the branch, a compact circular crown is formed. This is important if the tree grows in a small area. In addition, the plant has more juices and nutrients that it can spend on earlier and more abundant flowering. So pinching is an important and useful tool for lemon growing.
Now more about how to care for a lemon at home:
In total, the advice boils down to the following: you need a lot of light, the room should be ventilated, water should not be allowed to stagnate in flowerpots (that is, high-quality drainage should be ensured in the soil) and regularly fed with the necessary fertilizers. This is with regard to the active period of growth of the tree. In winter, the basic principle of how to care for a lemon at home is to rearrange it in a cool place so that the plant has a good rest. In the summer, it would be nice to take the flowerpot to the balcony or even to the street, under a canopy. He does not need heat, but moderate heat and scattered (for young plantings, adults and directrays are well tolerated) sunlight fits perfectly. In winter, the air temperature in the room should not be below +10. It is important to remember that lemon prefers high humidity. The house tree (how to take care of it, take note) should be sprayed several times a day with boiled or filtered, settled water (room temperature, not from a tap), watered daily, but without puddles around the trunk. Follow this regimen from early May to mid-September. Then cut back.
- Pick up soil in a flowerpot of neutral acidity, consisting of ordinary garden soil with leafy humus, turf, river sand, charcoal additives. It has already been said that the lemon plant does not tolerate waterlogging. How to care to avoid trouble: lay a drainage layer of pieces of brick on the bottom of the pot, and make the top layer of sand (river). During the period of intensive growth, 2 times a month, feed the tree with complex fertilizers.
- Lemon blossom begins in spring. The plant self-pollinates, and the fruits ripen for a long time: from 6 to 12 months. But under good conditions, flowering occurs 3 times a year.