Tiled oven: device and principle of operation

Tiled oven: device and principle of operation
Tiled oven: device and principle of operation

Manufacturers of heating equipment offer their customers a huge range of designs of stoves and fireplaces. The model lines include both modern units with original designs and design solutions that imitate old technologies. As practice shows, in terms of operational parameters, classical approaches to the construction of furnaces are slightly inferior to new generation designs. Moreover, individual techniques of folk craftsmen are increasingly moving into professional industries. This is confirmed by the Russian tiled fireplace, which in the traditional version has many advantages. Despite the mastery of technologies for creating tiles by large manufacturers, author's products do not lose their relevance.

tiled stove

General information about tiled stoves

Stoves with tiles were widespread in Russia in we althy families. Today, this technology of construction is rather associated with the methods of decorative finishing, as it was with the decorations of wooden huts. However, tiled stoves and fireplaces are distinguished not only by beautiful cladding, but also by high heat transfer. Moreover, not in all cases such designs had a colorful design. It could be a modest finish, and its mainthe challenge was to ensure optimal heat storage.

As in the old days, today such ovens are made in many ways, including using special kits or kits. One of the main differences between a tile and conventional modern designs is its original appearance. Even a tiled stove assembled from a pre-prepared set is a unique work of art. This is partly facilitated by the introduction of various bowls, columns and other architectural elements into the structures.

Russian tiled stoves

Advantages of tiled stoves

Speaking about the advantages of such structures, it is still impossible to pass by a specific design. The use of ceramics with painted coatings, of course, is not mandatory, but by default every craftsman has such an opportunity. Patterns, narrative panoramas, paintings, ornaments with textures and even texts - all these tools demonstrate Russian tiled stoves at their best. In addition to aesthetic advantages, it should be noted the practical properties of structures.

tiled stoves

First of all, this is the ability of ceramic tiled finishes to effectively transfer heat to the room, but without burning objects and surfaces that are in direct contact with the stove. The technology also ensures durability. Today you can find quite real examples of such structures that were made several centuries ago. In a private house, a tiled stove can last 3-4 times longer than a conventional one.design. Of course, this is only possible with careful operation.

Oven device

The basis of the furnace design resembles ordinary structures. This is a frame made of bricks, if necessary lined with metal plates and decorated with an external decorative coating. The main feature of the device of such furnaces is the unusual composition of the lining solution. According to experts, with skillful manufacture and application of the mixture, the outer layer of the finish can increase the heat transfer of the structure by 0.3 kW. Usually tiled stoves are laid out with bricks, but in such a way that they are delicately pressed against the wrong side of the ceramic elements of the cladding. The gaps between the tiles are filled with crushed stone, but other materials can be used - it depends on the size of the structure and the heating requirements of a particular room.

tiled stove fireplace

Working principle

Usually, two chambers are arranged - a furnace and for afterburning. The products of combustion, according to tradition, are brought out through a special chimney, during which heat is transferred to the walls. It is very important to correctly calculate the parameters of the output channel. The fact is that a short chimney will not allow you to fully accumulate the heat that the stove generates. Too long a pipe, on the contrary, will give off heat, but a long delay in a cramped space will lead to excessive smoking. For this reason, tiled stoves are usually equipped with additional nozzles in the firebox. Subject to a well-executed design, the walls of the stove will accumulate heat, radiating itthroughout the room. It should be noted that in this case, the value of the area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe structure especially increases - the larger it is, the more efficiently the room will be heated.

Technology for making tiles

Most often, craftsmen use casting technology, which produces light and at the same time durable tiles with optimal heat transfer. By the way, the mass of one element is no more than 400 g. The composition for the material may be different, but in most cases it is based on white kaolin clay. The output is a tiled stove that does not collect soot and is easy to clean. However, until the moment of direct laying, you can also perform the decoration of the tiles. Usually the material is glazed and fired at high temperature. This is followed by cooling and final preparation of the material in a tunnel oven.

tiled stoves and fireplaces

Laying tiles

Despite the usual size - 15 x 15 cm - and characteristics reminiscent of ordinary ceramic tiles, tiles require a special approach in the laying process. To prevent the material from absorbing the moisture of the solution, it must first be immersed in water. Laying at the first stage is carried out parallel to the laying of bricks. Installation is carried out in rows - from the corner in the direction from the bottom to the top. In some cases, tiles for stoves are laid with the formation of a seam bandage. This is usually done when working with a complex structure. During the laying process, the dimensions of the seams should also be observed. Horizontal gaps aremust exceed 3 mm in thickness, and vertical - 10 mm.

tiles for ovens


Tiled technology has one significant disadvantage. Its implementation is more expensive and more troublesome than in the case of conventional structures. And to get a quality result without the use of master skills is almost impossible. In particular, a tiled stove requires complex and delicate processing of the clay composition for tiles, not to mention artistic work. The device of the structure itself is not so problematic, but it is also impossible to do without the participation of a bricklayer at this stage. As you can see, the subtleties of using tiled technology need a special approach, but the result will justify itself with high-quality performance. According to the owners of such stoves, their operation requires minimal effort, the appearance acts as a design element of the interior, and the work itself does not cause any complaints at all.

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