Tea rose is an excellent plant that can decorate any home. In addition, it is very useful: it is enough to make tea from this rose to strengthen the immune system, improve mood, and calm the nervous system. Growing a tea rose at home is not so difficult, the main thing is to know all the subtleties of care well. Today we propose to talk about what a tea rose needs. Home care, photos, reviews, features of reproduction, fertilizing and transplanting - all this will be discussed below.
Why is this rose called a tea rose
Tea rose in European countries appeared in the nineteenth century. She got there from China. The delightful beauty got its name due to the unique aroma, which is inherent exclusively in this species. With its smell, the flower resembles one of the many varieties of tea for which it is so famous.China. Another version, according to which the plant received such a name, is that the queen of flowers with an appearance simply resembles a Chinese tea bowl. From the petals of a tea rose, you can make fragrant and incredibly tasty tea, which cannot be obtained using any other roses.
Got a rose? Don't know what to do with her? Thinking about what is the care of a tea rose? Care at home at first is quite simple: the plant does not need to be transplanted immediately, it will take a long period to get used to the new environment. That is why it is not recommended to take any action in relation to the flower. Florists advise you to create the conditions that were in the flower shop where you purchased the plant: you will need to set a similar temperature regime, air humidity, water and spray the plants as you did in the store where you purchased the flower pot.
Of course, you can not follow all these rules, but in this case the plant will adapt for a very long time, and possibly even die. Flower growers note: this mode will not last long, after it you will need to create conditions that will be optimal for a tea rose at home. Care at first includes protection from drafts, watering with purified water, light spraying of leaves, choosing a place where the sun's rays will not fall on the plant - to avoid burns.
What should flower growers who have acquired a tea rose flower know? Home care is simple, there are a number of rules, the observance of which will allow you to grow a beautiful plant. So, you need to know that you can plant plants only in the soil that is designed specifically for roses. The queen of flowers will need regular watering, spraying, hardening, fertilizing. We propose to talk about all this in more detail.
Rose can't stand temperature changes. This leads to the fact that it fades, stops blooming. It will be possible to expose plants to fresh air only after you harden the plant. This is easy to do: in early spring, you can start opening windows for several hours a day. So in the summer you will get more lush flowering. True, you should be careful: it is not recommended to put tea roses in a pot on hot windowsills when leaving, because an excess of sunlight will cause the plant to start shedding leaves.
During the summer months, the tea rose will feel great on the loggia or balcony, while it is important that the temperature does not rise above 25 degrees. During the winter cold, the plant will need a large amount of light. If there is not enough natural light, flower growers recommend getting special lamps.
What does the care of a tea rose in a pot include? Experienced flower growers are well aware that the queen of flowers is very sensitive to soil moisture. You can only water itpurified water, it is desirable that it does not contain any impurities and additives: otherwise, the rose may get sick, stop blooming. It is recommended to water twice a day in summer, in winter - as the soil dries out. Indoor tea rose, the care of which includes timely moisturizing, loves water. That is why flower growers recommend spraying the leaves of the plant with cool water. This is especially required in summer and on hot spring days. When spraying, avoid getting water on the buds and flowers.
Speaking about the tea rose, growing and caring for it, one cannot fail to mention such an item as fertilization. In general, all indoor flowers need top dressing. This beauty is no exception: the soil for it needs to be regularly enriched with various organic and mineral additives. Mullein, bird droppings are perfect. You can also buy special fertilizers designed specifically for indoor roses. Instructions for the use of such dressings are always described step by step on the packaging. It should be said that excessive feeding can adversely affect the condition of the rose.
Seasonal care: autumn
Do the requirements of the flower queen differ in different seasons? Flower growers say: in autumn, winter, spring and summer, the care of this plant is significantly different. We propose to consider each stage in detail. Let's start in autumn. Caring for a tea rose at home with the onset of cold weather is that the pot must be brought from the loggia or balcony into the house. This should be done when the thermometer startsshow temperature below 15 degrees. It is best at this time to place the plant on the south side by the window. In autumn, the development of buds and their growth is suspended. The plant does not need to be fed, watering is also recommended to be reduced. Since the preparation of the flower for the winter period begins, it does not require special care.
The temperature regime at this time should not exceed +17 degrees. The air in the room where the flower is located should be moderately humidified. Do not place the plant pot next to heating appliances and any appliances, such as a microwave, TV or computer. The plant will feel much more comfortable on the windowsill, where coolness comes from the street.
What does a tea rose need in winter? Home care this season is that the pot must be placed in a tray with wet pebbles, watered once every few days. At this time, the appearance of the plant is quite painful: leaves periodically fall from it, the plants do not release buds. The only thing a rose needs is moist air. It should be sprayed periodically, kept as far away from heaters as possible.
Care for a tea rose in spring is only timely watering. The fact is that with the first warm days, the plant seems to come to life, is transformed. He has new shoots and leaves that develop into strong twigs. At this time, the soil and the plant itself should not be allowed to dry out. Spring followsstart feeding the rose - so the soil is saturated with useful substances, the development of the rose will accelerate. When stable warm weather is established, the tea rose can be taken out to the balcony or loggia so that it can soak up the sun.
At first, it is recommended to put the plant pot in a shaded place so that it can adapt to the new environment. The adaptation period usually lasts about 15-20 days. In order for the rose to bloom magnificently, you should often turn it towards the sun. In this case, the plant will be symmetrical. But if you do not turn the rose towards the sun, the plant will become one-sided.
Speaking of hybrid tea roses and their care, one cannot fail to note what requirements the plant makes in the summer. Usually this is abundant and regular watering, fertilizing, spraying plants. In addition, flower growers say, one should regularly wash or wipe the leaves of a rose, remove those that have withered, allowing new ones to grow.
To protect against diseases, preventive measures should be taken: inspect plants for problems, do not overheat. Very often in the summer, flower growers notice that the rose is getting cramped in a pot. Then it is recommended to transplant it. Please note: this should be done in a certain lunar phase. In order not to be mistaken, carefully study the lunar calendar for transplanting indoor plants.
Of course, planting and care is not enough for a plant. Tea roses need regular fertilization.With a lack of top dressing, the flower will begin to wither, leaves will crumble from it. According to experienced flower growers, mullein is perfect as a fertilizer. The method of preparing such top dressing is quite simple: you will need 1 part of mullein and 2 parts of water. Such a composition must be thoroughly mixed, and then left for 5-10 days for fermentation. Before you apply this fertilizer, it must be diluted in cool water in a ratio of 1 to 15. Bird droppings fertilizer will also work.
Tea rose diseases
Like other indoor plants, the tea rose is subject to various diseases. Powdery mildew and spotting are the most common. If you notice a whitish coating on the stems and leaves of the queen of flowers, a bit reminiscent of a cobweb, then the plant was struck by powdery mildew. If you do not start fighting the disease in time, the growth of the rose will slow down or stop, the plant will die. The main cause of this problem is microscopic fungi attacking plants. Under what conditions does powdery mildew develop? There are several main reasons:
- in the room where the rose is kept is too humid or, on the contrary, too dry;
- rose gets too much fertilizer;
- room temperature fluctuates dramatically;
- roots are cramped or lack of oxygen.
If you notice small black blotches on the leaves and shoots, you should know: you have encountered spotting. This problem in tea roses appears when the air is too dry or when it is not suitable forflower temperature. Of course, you can protect a flower from diseases: for this you need to follow all the features of caring for a tea rose at home.
Propagation of roses and their transplantation
Speaking of tea roses, planting and caring for this amazing plant, one cannot help but talk about how to transplant a plant. This should be done when the adaptation period ends after buying a flower. You will need a pot that is larger than the previous one, drainage and gloves. Please note: the container for roses must have a hole at the bottom. It will be necessary to carefully remove the plant from the old pot, straighten the roots, remove the soil from them. And then transplant to a new place and thoroughly water the ground. After you transplant the plant, be sure to remove it from a sunny place for about a day. After this period of time, it will be possible to return the flower to its original place.
Another rather topical issue that worries flower growers is the propagation of tea roses at home. Flowers should be planted in the summer. As soon as the plant has faded, cuttings should be cut. You need to cut them over the kidney that grows at an oblique angle. After that, the cutting must be immersed in water and left until the moment when they appear white roots. Of course, the water needs to be topped up regularly. When the roots become strong, the stalk is ready for planting in a permanent place and care. A tea rose (in the photo above you see a young plant) will require the same care as an adult flower.
Useful qualities of a flower
For many centuries, the tea rose has been famous for its beneficial properties. Tea brewed from the petals of this plant is pleasant to the taste, fragrant, it invigorates and inspires. And tea rose is able to strengthen the immune system and digestive system, is indispensable in the fight against colds, various infections and viruses.
Tea brewed from the petals of this flower has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, helps to remove fluid from the kidneys, and quickly copes with diarrhea and dysentery. It should also be noted that such a drink is able to cheer up, reduce fatigue, eliminate insomnia and depression. Useful essential oils that are part of the tea rose. They are most widely used in perfumery and cosmetology. It cannot be said that the tea rose plays an important role in cooking. You have probably heard, and maybe even tried oriental sweets, from which it is simply impossible to break away.