If a person decides to make a complete renovation in his house, then this is the beginning of a big job that he needs to overcome in stages. Repair work includes many sections. The main ones are: painting or wallpapering the walls, processing the ceiling and laying the flooring.
In our time, there are many materials that are distinguished by longevity and strength. A variety of colors can make it difficult to choose.
The article discusses in detail one of the common types of flooring. It is often used to create simple interior designs and grandiose expensive projects. A person with his own hands can create unique things that in the future will allow him to be proud of the work done. It's so nice to do something yourself, and at the same time save some money on handymen.
An ordinary person can become both a designer and a builder whocomplete the entire project. After all, everything can be learned now, thanks to step-by-step instructions.
Floor coverings: types
Floor coverings are one of the main parts of the interior. It adds coziness and aesthetic completeness to the project. There is a certain technology for laying parquet with your own hands.
The parquet is created from wooden elements, as it is a wooden floor. Parquet originated in Gothic Europe at the end of the 13th century. Parquet is divided into several types: piece, panel and typesetting.
Laying piece parquet with your own hands has become common in construction. It is made from solid wood. This coating is made up of grooves and spikes. When do-it-yourself parquet is laid, a certain unified structure is created.
The parts fixed together in a kind of castle create a pattern. The length of the planks can reach 60 cm. The thickness is approximately 10-20 cm, and the height is 8 cm. This parquet has superiority over other types of parquet and coatings. Benefits of strip parquet:
- long-term material;
- withstands many restorations and repairs;
- great variation in pattern layout.
Saw patterns of parquet can have the following types:
- Select - the technique of laying a small pattern.
- Nature - a pattern that is duplicated, consists mainly of small details.
- Gest -catchy execution of the pattern.
- Classic - A pattern that has texture.
- Universal - a pattern that is often modified to match the style of the interior.
- Antique - a pattern with different colors that are constantly changing.
Installed (mosaic) parquet
This parquet got its name due to its features. Mosaic parquet contains colored details. The shields have standard sizes - 40x40 or 60x60 cm. The thickness of such planks is 18-20 mm.
From this type of parquet you can create various mosaics, drawings and patterns. The front of this cover has paper protection. It is removed after all repairs are completed. Soundproofing can be glued to the inside. When laying parquet with your own hands, you need to carefully consider the idea and draw a mosaic pattern in advance. Attachment types:
- riveting with seam;
- riveting with an oblique groove;
- riveting on a solid rail;
- riveting on a soft rail.
Do-it-yourself laying of this parquet includes 2 layers. The first part is made of fiberboard or boards. The second part is the front, which is made from small pieces of wood. The sizes of such parquet are different. It can be both from small parts and from large parts.
The front side is varnished. The most commonly used pattern on panel parquet is the square and its variations. Also, such parquet has different bases. Board parquet bases:
- out of frame;
- from rails;
- double rail.
This type of parquet is the most expensive. It has a lot of curves, lines and small details of the pattern, which are combined into a very beautiful composition. This parquet can be purchased by people with a large fortune. When laying this parquet, many types of wood are used - this is what creates an amazing impression after work.
Laminate does not consist of wood, it only has its structure. Laying it on old parquet is one of the most common types in everyday life. The laminate consists of 4 parts:
- laminated top;
- decorative layer;
- Fibreboard or chipboard;
- lower part that protects the cover from moisture.
This type is often used in modern repairs. It is even possible to lay the laminate on the old parquet with your own hands. Nowadays, home craftsmen create various miracles and create real high-quality work that can be at the level of professional performance.
Laying laminate on parquet with your own hands, reviews
Here is a small list of tips from the craftsmen:
- Laminate can be placed on any surface - the main thing is that it be even. Initially, it is desirable to process it.
- Before starting work, be sure to check the strength of the fastening. Defective parts at the very beginning will be invisible, but over timetime can be very regrettable.
- Laying laminate on parquet is a common thing. First you need to check the condition of the old parquet, maybe it can still be restored. After all, parquet is better than laminate.
- The owner had a situation: the parquet is old, it has been in the house since the 70s. We decided to make repairs, lay the laminate on top of the old parquet. There were problems with the joints - their height was different. Due to the unevenness of the floor, laying was extremely difficult. The best solution is to sand the old parquet before installation.
Step-by-step instructions for installing parquet on screed
- to the old floor;
- on a concrete base;
- on the logs.
To lay parquet with your own hands you will need:
- grinding machine.
Step-by-step instructions for laying parquet with your own hands
- The first stage. First you need to check the percentage of moisture in the surface. To do this, there is a special device that can be purchased at any construction market. Moisture level should not exceed 2%.
- Second stage. The entire floor must be primed with a special glue for a wooden base. Plywood will lay down on this basis. The adhesive must match the type of primer. Experts recommenduse rubber glue. It takes 7 hours to completely dry the primer layer. Only after that you can proceed to the following work.
- Third stage. If the surface humidity is above 2%, then you need to apply a special base - "hydrobarrier". This is a special primer that covers the surface twice. There must be a break between the two coatings - usually it is one hour. The first layer is sprinkled with special sand. This type of primer is moisture repellent.
- The fourth stage. After completing the first three stages, you will need plywood sheets that are moisture resistant. Their thickness should be about 1.5 cm. Each sheet must be cut into four identical parts. When laying, it is important to leave joints with a size of 4 mm. When the sheets are fixed, the evenness of the surface is immediately checked. The level will help with this. If the level will go astray, then this means that the surface is uneven.
- The fifth stage. After you need to cover the plywood with glue, a wide spatula will help with this. Next, the laying of the parquet itself begins. The panels are fixed with a mounting gun.
- The sixth stage. After laying the wooden base, the entire surface is puttied and scraped. This is usually done after a week. First, scraping is done - this stage is performed using a grinder. So you can remove all the bumps and dirty details of the surface. After you need to putty all the cracks. They form due to temperature changes. In order for the color of the putty base to match the coating, wood dust is added to it.
- Seventh stage. Once the putty is dry,you need to do the final work on the surface. It needs to be varnished. The first thing to do is to prepare the room. It is important to turn off all electrical appliances, remove drafts. Drafts can affect the level of moisture on the surface. Experts advise applying varnish in several layers. The first layer is called primer. It is needed in order for the tree to retain its natural shade. The second, finishing layer is applied only after the first one has dried - to complete all the work and beautiful shine of the wood.