Ficus bonsai: cultivation at home

Ficus bonsai: cultivation at home
Ficus bonsai: cultivation at home
Anonim
ficus bonsai photo

About the art of bonsai, at least by hearsay, many know. Everyone is delighted and amazed by small trees in small pots. These plants, so similar to familiar large trees, are grown according to an ancient technique that originated in India. Later, the Japanese adopted it and breathed in their philosophy and vision of life. “We must see the great in the small,” they say.

The most suitable for cultivation is a houseplant ficus - bonsai come out of it very unpretentious. It is for this reason that the plant has gained great popularity all over the world. It takes root well in our climate; it does not need rest for the winter. The crown is shaped like a cone. Its branches must be positioned so that they move away from the trunk and alternate. This plant is highly valued for its aerial roots. How miniature and beautiful ficus bonsai turns out, the photo shows very clearly.

ficus bonsai

Before you learn how to grow such a miracle, it is worth considering the basic ways to create dwarf trees. The basic principle is planting ordinary plants with small foliage in pots. They require special care, during which they are given a certain shape. Depthcontainer may vary according to the height of the trees. Drainage is laid at the bottom of the pot, and the soil mixture is placed on top. Ficus bonsai is also cultivated.

You don't need to water the plant often. The soil must be dense. When it dries out a lot, the container with the plant is placed in a basin and water is poured up to half the pot. When the growing season comes, the miniature tree needs additional lighting. For this purpose, a fluorescent lamp is suitable. All care is subject to two main tasks: to give the plant a certain shape and ensure its he althy development. As a result, the bonsai should acquire a thick trunk, in which the base should expand evenly.

Like other varieties of plants, bonsai ficus bonsai needs regular repotting. The main sign that it is time to carry out this operation is when roots appear from the drainage holes of the container. To grow midget trees, their roots must be kept tight. Once a year during transplantation, they must be cut. This is not dangerous for the he alth of the plant, on the contrary, pruning stimulates the growth of the tree.

ficus bonsai tree

Since the tree is very brittle, it is not recommended to wrap it with wire to give it the desired shape. But it tolerates pruning easily. This is quite enough to grow ficus bonsai, the same purpose is served by such a remarkable property as the ability to sprout from dormant buds. Periodically, you need to pinch the tips of the branches from the plant and support the branch that grows in the right direction.

Thisthe plant is a great way to get closer to the ancient art and gain the necessary experience for the cultivation of more traditional species that are used in the canonical bonsai. As a rule, it is pine, beech, spruce, maple. As a training, you can also choose myrtle, muraya, carmona, podocarpus. A miniature tree is grown slowly. Sometimes, in order to get ficus bonsai, it takes many years, and even decades.

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