Roses are plants that are always admired by everyone. They will decorate any flower bed or greenhouse. Some types of these plants can also be grown in apartments, as they can feel quite comfortable indoors, and the aroma of their flowering is not inferior to garden ones. The Bengal rose is considered the most suitable for a home green corner. It requires special care, so the recommendations of experts will help beginner growers.
Bengal rose is a plant from the rosehip genus of the rose family. They are also known under other names: Indian or Chinese rose. This plant is not found in the wild. It was brought to Europe from China, and later from Bengal. The decorative garden flower is now widely distributed in China, Pakistan, India, Europe, Japan, Asia Minor.
Home Bengal rose grows up to 50-60 cm in height. It is an evergreen bushy plant. Its leaves are pointed, and miniature flowers of red, white and pink shades are slightly flattened. These representatives of home flora are considered the first re-flowering species that was introduced into European territory. A photo of a Bengal rose shows the beauty of this plant.
Caring for a new rose after purchase
Usually a flower that is just bought in a store looks fresh and strong. But it must be taken into account that in the store they are stimulated with various drugs, and special packaging maintains high humidity. Therefore, after a few days, problems will begin with the plants: falling and yellowing of foliage, wilting, blackening of buds, and more. It is no coincidence that in the first days after purchase, care at home for a Bengal rose requires a very special one.
First, you need to remove the packaging, because due to high humidity and poor air exchange, a pathogenic fungus develops. Then you need to cut with secateurs or scissors wilted leaf plates, dry and black shoots. After the purchase, it is recommended to immediately remove all flowers and buds, as the plant may use up all its strength to bloom and die.
You need to carefully look at how many bushes are in the flower pot. If there are several, they should definitely be seated so that they do not weaken growth and do not interfere with each other. After transplantation, it is useful to treat the plants with a pesticide and antifungaldrug.
Features of transplant
When transplanting a Bengal rose, you need to pull it out of the old pot along with a clod of earth. If the roots are he althy, they look like a dense thin wire of pale yellow or white. When they look like brown or black hairs, this indicates a disease of the bush, which will soon die. There are cases when only part of the roots is sick or dried up. They need to be removed, leaving only he althy ones.
The new pot should have a good drainage layer. It is covered with a layer of soil, which is compacted. Then a plant is installed with an old clod of earth, and all the voids are filled with new soil. It needs to be lightly tamped so that the bush is securely fixed in the pot and does not hang out. The soil mixture for Bengal roses must be of high quality.
Irrigation of the transplanted bush is carried out with settled or filtered water at room temperature.
After transplanting and pruning, the plant is very weakened, therefore it is subject to disease. Preventive treatment of the bush from harmful insects and diseases is recommended.
The plant needs to be sprayed as it needs high humidity.
The transplanted flower is placed on a windowsill with good lighting. If there is not enough sunlight, you can additionally use lamps.
Features of watering and fertilizing
In the care of indoor Bengal rose is quite whimsical. Wateringit is needed only with settled water at room temperature, since cold water will harm the plant. Both in summer and winter, mandatory moistening from a sprayer is required. If a flower pot is located next to a heating device, it is placed in a tray filled with expanded clay, which is periodically moistened.
Feed the plant with a special fertilizer for roses every 15-20 days in spring and summer. Fertilization is carried out less frequently in autumn.
Air temperature and lighting
In care, the Bengal rose also requires a special temperature regime, since it was originally intended for outdoor cultivation. Therefore, in summer it is recommended to put a flower pot on the balcony or in the garden. The rest of the time, the bushes need to be periodically ventilated in the open air, avoiding drafts.
These roses are light-requiring. Flowers need good lighting for he althy growth. A window sill with a south-facing window is best suited. In other cases, additional lighting is required in winter.
Flowering and pruning
If the plant is provided with comfortable conditions for growth, the rose will bloom every nine weeks throughout the year. To enhance this process in winter, the bush is kept cool. Rose shoots are cut to 10 centimeters.
In the spring, systematic pruning is needed to form a beautiful bush shape. Dried, weakened or severely cut offstretched branches.
The traditional method of propagating Bengal roses is cuttings. Segments are taken about 15 centimeters long. They should have several buds, usually two or three. Cuttings are planted in the soil so that they take root. As soil, using a mixture of sand and peat will be the most effective option, since new seedlings may rot in ordinary soil.
They are covered with a cut bottle or bag to create a greenhouse effect. Roots will appear in two weeks. When leaf plates grow at the bush, it is gradually accustomed to room conditions. Transplantation can be carried out only after the formation of a well-developed root system.
Roses can get sick. The symptoms of the disease are different. The most common is the drying of the flower. The first reason for this is violations of the irrigation regime, low humidity in the room. In addition, drying can occur due to injury to the root system. Another reason may be a nearby heating device.
On the contrary, excessive watering can lead to yellowing of foliage. Possible causes of this disease include root rot, invasion of harmful insects, lack of iron, nutrients, weak immunity.
Darkening, wilting and falling leaves have the following causes: fungal disease, various pests, viral disease, watering with cold water, freezing of the bush.
Photos of types of indoor Bengal roses indicate their rich diversity. The most popular varieties of this beautiful plant are the following:
- Angela Rippon is a miniature rose. Flowering is accompanied by a pleasant aroma. Inflorescences consist of 3-5 pieces. The bushes are compact and low, characterized by branching shoots with small dense dark green leaves.
- Baby Masquerade grows up to 30 centimeters. There are almost no thorns on the spreading branches. The bush is not wide. The leaves are small, dark green. Chameleon flowers from three to four centimeters. They are collected in bundles of 3-12 pieces. During flowering, the color changes. At first, the roses are painted in a lemon tone, then they turn pink, and later red. A delicate aroma remains throughout flowering.
- Yellow Dol bred in 1962. Neat bushes up to 30 centimeters tall. Flowering is very lush, large fragrant flowers have a lemon color.
- Fire Princess grows up to 40 centimeters in height. Branched, upwardly directed shoots are covered with shiny dark green jagged leaves. Double flowers of a reddish-orange hue are collected in inflorescences of 3-5 pieces.
- Stars & Stripes launched in 1975. This was the first experience of breeding a striped rose. The bushes are narrow up to 50 centimeters in height. Shoots without thorns, covered with light green leaves. Terry white flowers with crimson stripes of various widths are collected in inflorescences of 3-5 pieces. Blooms almost constantly.