For a combination of colors in the interior, the color wheel has been used by designers for quite a long time. The original color palette was designed by Isaac Newton. The scientist managed to decompose the light beam into the colors of the visible spectrum: green, yellow, violet, blue, red, indigo, orange. The statement about the influence of shades on the human psyche is scientifically substantiated, therefore, the arrangement of a comfortable living space must be taken seriously. From this article you can learn how to use the color wheel in the interior.
Convenient schemes for designers
Today, the rainbow wheel is used in a wider range. It consists of several levels. Itten's idea is taken as a model. It clearly shows how the colors are combined with each other in the direction of the circle. The primary bases are in the center, in the formtriangle. These are red, blue and yellow. When mixing pigments, secondary colors can be obtained from each pair of primary colors. These include: orange, purple, green. They are located on the second level. Combinations of any base color with an additional one are called tertiary. They can be seen on the final disc.
Black, white and gray in nature we meet already in a diluted form, so they are not on the color wheel. The combination of colors in the interior has its own pattern, thanks to which various schemes and tables were invented, which are used by artists and decorators. For convenience, a special scale of proportions has been developed. The dilution of pigments in it is indicated in optimal ratios: primary colors account for 10%, secondary combinations - 20%, neutral and tertiary halftones make up 70%.
How to find the right tones?
Companion colors are arranged regularly opposite each other. First you need to decide which primary color will be preferred, then select an additional one. Harmonious are combinations of three tones that are together. For example, the companion of light green is purple. So pink and fuchsia shades are suitable for him. On both sides of it are yellow and green, which can also be used in compositions with light green.
The main principles of the formation of color compositions:
- Designers often use standard triads of shades when decorating rooms. If indraw a triangle in the center of the circle, then its corners will indicate the desired colors.
- Similarly, colors are selected according to the rectangle scheme. Of the indicated paints, one is taken as the basis, the other two - as additional ones. The fourth color creates accents.
- Analogue combinations can consist of 2-5 shades, arranged one after the other. In such combinations, semitones are selected that are identical in proportionality of pigments.
- To create bright effects, complementary, contrasting combinations of basic colors with additional ones are used. In this case, tones with a high concentration of pigments are selected. One contrasting color can be replaced by adjacent two tones.
- Double divided group of tones is formed according to the square principle. If you go in the direction of the circle, then every third component of the palette is selected. Examples of a selection of the correct combinations can be seen in the top photo.
Competent decoration of a room can involve a peculiar and rich color if the components are matched perfectly. You need to study the rules for combining colors in the interior and the color wheel, to understand how many shades are acceptable in the decoration of one room.
From the rainbow spectrum, you can choose from two to four matching shades. To dilute such a combination, you need to make several universal tones - from white with a gradual transition to black. Here you need to be able to use the game of proportions. Two basic colors are selected saturated, they should bemore. Additional contribute in moderation, but so that they are noticeable. With the help of the rest, variety and accents are created. Ideally, the room should be decorated in three or four tones with the addition of a few achromatic colors. If there are fewer tones in the interior, it will look boring.
Monochrome design rules
It is also allowed to combine colors in the interior within the framework of monochrome. The color wheel for such preferences is presented a little differently: starting from the center and to the edge, each component of the entire palette varies from light to dark. Decorators use the monochrome principle, choosing several shades with different saturation. This combination requires the addition of neutral touches. Red, black, white and gray colors are chosen as accents. These are just the basics, next we will look at how you can apply the circle of color combinations for interiors in practice.
This is the most winning tone, which is often chosen for the purpose of a relaxing pastime. In addition, any suitable color combinations with gray in the interior will look perfect. The main thing is that the introduced shades are in harmony with each other. In the photo below, additional colors to gray are selected: a shade from the main blue scale, from a number of tertiary combinations - light brown. Beige touches make the room warmer. Such a toneobtained by adding white to the brown pigment.
A room in achromatic shades
Look how interesting shades vary within the same background. The interiors look very noble with a similar combination of colors. The photo perfectly demonstrates an example of a modern style with a predominance of gray. The lightest tone is taken as the main tone, the saturated one acts as an additional tone. For a cold room, the most winning accent color is red. In this version, it is somewhat blunted, brought to a restrained tone.
Combination of colors in the interior of the living room
On the opposite side of the yellow spectrum on the color wheel is purple. According to the design rules, they can be combined. Pillows in purple and yellow can bring brightness to a monochrome concept. Without the addition of additional colors, the living room would look lifeless and too cold. Diversity is also achieved through different textures, as well as metal accessories.
Living room with bright accents
Room design based on cool tones can make a room look dull. Bold color combinations with gray in the interior give unexpectedly interesting effects. If you add at least two warm shades to it, this will immediately bring an atmosphere of reliability and comfort. This design is suitable for the bedroom. If you want somethingsomething new, try to combine conservatism with ultra-fashionable attributes. For example, put armchairs in an unusual bright color in the living room.
Combination of colors in the interior of the bedroom
The color wheel played an important role in the design of this room (pictured below). The design is based on two main shades. Turquoise is opposite the related range of beige and brown. The bedroom should be warm and discreet in decoration. Brown tones are ideal for a relaxation room. Here, the originality of the design is achieved by changing the saturation of shades. The introduction of white accents gives the room a certain airiness, freshness.
Color and style
Each color has its own tasks, a suitable palette of colors is attached to a particular style. If you ignore these techniques when decorating a room, you can end up with bad taste. Here are the ground rules:
- Black color is suitable for modern style, minimalism, loft, high-tech, art deco.
- White - modern, modern.
- Grey - country, Provence.
- Brown - country, provence, modern.
- Red - minimalism, art deco, modern, hi-tech.
- Yellow - Provence, modern, minimalism.
- Orange is modern and colors suitable for yellow.
- Green - country, modern.
- Blue - loft, hi-tech, country.
- Pink hebi-chic, modern, country.
- Purple - hi-tech, loft.
All colors exceptyellow and orange, suitable for a classic style. The solar scale in the standard design of the premises is used extremely rarely, it is more used to decorate the room.
The color wheel in the interior is a huge help in decorating the space. Guided by the rules of the rainbow spectrum, you can quickly master the basic design techniques. To navigate well in colors, you need to know what tasks each of them performs. What can we expect from different shades?
For example, red activates the visual system. Black is a symbol of luxury, visually reduces the room. The combination of gray with other colors in the interior opens up wide possibilities for fantasies. White is versatile, expands the space. The yellow-orange spectrum improves mood, improves appetite, is used to create accents, is associated with the sun.
Blue is considered practical and original, it brings calmness. Purple is multifaceted, used to decorate any room. Brown is designed for comfort and a homely atmosphere. Green brings freshness to the interior, light pink gives calmness.
Carefully peering into the various shades, you can understand what touches they can bring to the room. Let's see what this might look like using black as an example.
Interior with touches of luxury
If you choose black as an additional color for the living room, it will look contrasting and even luxurious. This design is suitable for a large room. Black color in the interioralways associated with we alth and austerity.
Visual perception of shades
The depth of one tone can be perceived by the human eye in different ways. To a large extent it depends on the lighting of the room. Shadow effects also affect the brightness of the scenery. Various color illusions can occur due to a certain distance between the colorful spot and the human visual organs. When decorating a room, you need to take into account its size. For example, if you reduce the distance in relation to the blue color, it will reflect greenish notes. If you increase the distance from yellow, it will appear orange. The latter, in turn, will begin to cast with red strokes when the gap is extended.
Creating tone gradations
With the help of making additional touches, you can make the main colors more interesting. If you need to reduce their saturation, add white color and the rest of the shades will immediately become less bright. To get different blue transitions, add some black. The palette of cold tones will immediately sparkle with different shades. Gray color is able to soften any rich compositions. Using these techniques, you can change the tone of a color both within the same palette and when combining shades.
Pattern in interior design
Sometimes modern interiors are filled with unexpected pieces of furniture, bold and extraordinary solutions. One gets the impression that for some decorators it is simply notthere are restrictions. If such ideas inspire and a person feels comfortable in such a room, that's great. However, only an experienced designer can create such an interior. If you are going to do it yourself, then it is better to use generally accepted rules that we perceive as a pattern. The darker color should be underfoot. At eye level, our perception is dominated by medium shades. It is expected that a canvas of the lightest tone will extend over the head.