With the advent of new materials for the manufacture of furniture, plywood does not cease to be relevant. For many home craftsmen, this manufacturing technology is savings, while for other consumers it is an opportunity to realize their creative skills. Handicrafts are in fashion today. This should include chairs made of plywood, with your own hands and you can make them.
Preparation of tool materials
Before starting work, you should prepare:
- electric jigsaw;
- self-tapping screws;
- building square;
- drill driver;
- wood glue;
The choice of material should be taken seriously, because the supporting elements must be strong in order to withstand certain weights. There are many types of plywood in stores today, you needwill choose only the appropriate thickness. The work will be associated with transferring the drawing to the sheet, as well as cutting out the future design.
Production of components
If you decide to make a plywood chair with your own hands, you need to prepare a drawing by drawing it by hand. Sometimes patterns are made on A0 paper. In this case, you can contact the printing house. Once the drawing has been transferred to the plywood, you should pick up an electric jigsaw to start cutting out the elements. It is important to observe the angle when sawing the back legs of the chair. It should be 190˚.
After preparing all the elements, you need to make grooves in the legs for spiked joints, which are on the back, prolegs and drawers. The latter are bars that connect the legs to each other. Drawers are necessary for the reliability of the seat, they form its basis. Prongs connect the legs and are used to increase strength and stability. They are located below the tsarg.
When making a plywood chair with your own hands, you will need to cut out the elements and sand the cuts and slots to remove splinters and burrs. If a suitable tool is not available, you can use sandpaper, but the process will be somewhat delayed, but as a result you will get a pretty good result.
When final assembly of the chair, you should put all the elements together without fastening them. It is important to make sure at this stage that all blanksperformed and adjusted correctly. If everything is fine, you can start assembling. The rear legs will go first, which should be connected to each other with prolegs and tsargs.
Previously, the joints should be smeared with carpentry glue, applying it to the spikes and grooves. The glue is left until dry. In order to ensure greater reliability, self-tapping screws can be used. If the adhesive is good, then mechanical fastening is not necessary.
Assembling a plywood chair with your own hands, in the next step you can assemble the front legs by connecting them with a proleg and a drawstring. The joints are also glued. There is another option in which the prolegs are installed between the back and front legs, and in this case the connection is made by the third proleg. This method is reliable.
Glue should be allowed to dry and fasten the front legs with the remaining two prongs, gluing all joints. Until the composition dries, with the help of a square, you need to set the front legs relative to the prolegs and the tsarg at a right angle. The rear legs are set at an angle of 80 ˚.
Now you can try on the seat. If it lies flat, it is attached to the screws. Holes are pre-drilled under them so that the plywood does not burst. The seat can be padded for comfort. To do this, a square of foam rubber with a thickness of 20 mm is placed on it and fitted with a leather substitute. The material should be reinforced to the bottom of the seat with a stapler. If desired, the same procedure can be carried out with the backrest.
You can make do-it-yourself drawings for a plywood chair. If you cannot do this yourself, you should borrow them from the article. When the piece of furniture is ready, you can start finishing. Everything will depend on your preferences. As a rule, the chair is covered with a transparent varnish in 2 layers. This approach is the most common.
You can use wood stain to make the product darker in color. The intensity of the shade can be adjusted by the number of layers. Work is carried out in a room with ventilation, because the evaporation of paint and varnish materials can adversely affect he alth. After the varnish dries, felt squares need to be strengthened on the lower end parts of the legs. This will prevent scratches on the floor when moving the chair.
You can make your own folding plywood chair. To do this, prepare one sheet of material, a beam for legs, foam rubber and decorative upholstery. The beam should have a cross section of 40 x 60 cm. The foam rubber must have a square shape with a side of 50 cm. Furniture fabric or leatherette can act as decorative upholstery.
The beam must be well dried and carefully sanded. Plywood is better to use from birch, as it is more durable and easier to process. It is optimized for staining and finishing in a variety of ways.
Preparation of tools
When preparing a set of tools, you musttake care of availability:
- stapler with staples.
The skin can be replaced with a grinder. It is good if the master has a conductor for furniture assembly at his disposal. It will allow you to drill holes for fasteners, thanks to which the product will be assembled with high quality.
If you want to make a folding plywood chair with your own hands, then you will need to draw the details of the product on a piece of paper and cut them out. The rear legs will have a height of 80 cm. To fasten the structure, you will need 4 planks of 40 cm each, and the two front legs will have a length of 40 cm. A do-it-yourself children's chair is made from plywood using the same technology, only the length of the legs needs to be made smaller. The seat has the following dimensions: 36 x 40 cm. Planks will be needed to strengthen the structure. The back should measure 30 x 45 cm.
For the rear legs, you need to cut two beams. To fasten the planks with an indent of 20 cm from the base, it is necessary to cut holes. To do this, the legs are folded in a row so that it is possible to outline the boundaries of the grooves. The holes on the two sides of the legs are hollowed out with a hammer and chisel. It is necessary to go deeper by 20 mm.
On the side of the beam, the holes should be horizontal. Planks should be well cleaned of wood dust, otherwise they will not enter the grooves. To dofront legs, two beams should be cut. From above the front legs you need to measure 15 mm. With the help of a file and a chisel, spikes are cut out for attaching to the base of the chair seat. Planks should be made from timber for strength. Spikes cut into them, which will be inserted into the grooves of the knife.
The beam, which formed the basis of the legs and slats, should be treated with sandpaper, because burrs could form during operation. The back is cut with a jigsaw. On plywood, for this you need to draw a detail according to a paper template. If you are thinking about how to make a plywood chair with your own hands, you should follow the technology. It provides for the use of a curved back.
To create such an element, the material is soaked in water. It should have a temperature of 60 ˚С. The preparation is aged for about 4 hours. After that, the back can be given the desired shape, fixing with a tourniquet until dry. The seat is cut out of plywood according to the pattern. Two planks will need to be prepared from the timber to strengthen the structure.
From the manufactured parts you can assemble a chair. First you need to work on the base. It will consist of slats and 4 legs. The spikes on the slats are treated with furniture glue. They are inserted into the grooves on the legs. Success in the matter of assembly will depend on how accurately the parts were strengthened, as well as whether the glue was chosen correctly. Now you can start assembling the frame for the seat from 4 slats. They are pre-lubricated with glue. The base along the edges is smeared with glue and fixed to the frame. The design canstrengthen with self-tapping screws.
After looking at the photo of plywood chairs, you can make such furniture with your own hands. At the final stage, you need to cut the foam to the size of the seat and strengthen it to the base. Then a cover made of upholstery fabric or leatherette cuts in. It should be fastened to the frame with a stapler, tucking the edges so that the grooves remain free.
The appearance of the chair at this stage is still in question, because a lot will depend on the upholstery. It is important to decide which one suits your product. There are spikes on the front legs, which should be treated with glue to fit into the grooves. The rear legs are fastened to the seat with self-tapping screws, which should be screwed into the end of the frame.