Violet "magic tulip": a photo with a description, features of cultivation and watering, lighting

Violet "magic tulip": a photo with a description, features of cultivation and watering, lighting
Violet "magic tulip": a photo with a description, features of cultivation and watering, lighting
Anonim

Violet is one of the most common indoor plants. This flower has rightfully earned admiration from gardeners and breeders, since the abundance of its varieties allows everyone to choose their favorite variety. So violet "magic tulip" has become one of the favorites of people who breed this plant.

Derivation

Violet "RM magic tulip" was bred by breeder Natalya Skornyakova. She, along with another breeder Tatyana Pugacheva, is creating new varieties of this flower in Kursk.

All varieties of Natalia's collection have the prefix RM in their names. These letters are the initials of her mother, to whom all the breeding developments of the master are dedicated.

A distinctive feature of all varieties of violets bred by Natalia is the presence of abundant and long flowering, complex shape of flowers, their large size and unusual color. In addition, all representatives of her collection have increased resistance to fading from direct sunlight.radiation.

This violet is one of the varieties recognized for its vibrant color, lush bloom and long duration.

Description and photo of violet "magic tulip"

Natalya Skornyakova directs her breeding activities to breeding unusual specimens of the plant. Her variety of violet "magic tulip" also has some appearance features. The petals of this flower are formed into a tulip, the bud of which has not fully opened. The flower has a beautiful pink color with a white eye, and a light raspberry coating near the border of the petals. A photo of the magic tulip violet is presented in the article.

This plant belongs to the Gesneriaceae family and the genus Saintpaulia hybrid.

Violet "Magic Tulip"

Features of the flower

Magic tulip violets have undergone a huge selection work. That is why they have a number of distinctive features:

  1. Big size flowers (compared to other Saintpaulias).
  2. Special color - three different colors in the color of the petals, contrasting edging and speckling.
  3. Complex shape of flowers - corrugated, multi-layered, terry.
  4. Long duration of flowering (more than 1 month).
  5. Increased resistance to sheet fading.
  6. Problem-free growth with proper care.
violet flower

Lighting

One of the main conditions for caring for the magic tulip violet is an abundance of light in the absence of direct sunlight. Lighting fornormal growth of such flowers should be bright and scattered. In the case of a lack of light, they bloom either poorly, or there is no flowering at all. If the plant stands on the western, eastern or southern windows, it should be shaded, as the leaves and flowers will be covered with burns. The ideal place for such a plant is the northern window, where it will grow well and bloom profusely from spring to summer.

Lack of light causes the leaves to stretch up, and its excess causes them to bend over the edge of the pot. The key to abundant flowering of such a violet is a sufficient amount of light for 10-12 hours daily. If this condition is not met, full flowering will not occur.

In order to provide the violet with proper lighting all year round, most often they use a special rack, above which fluorescent lamps will be placed as artificial lighting.

Optimal temperature

The most suitable temperature for violets is considered to be no higher and no lower than 20-22 ° C. The stability of this temperature is the key to the growth of strong and abundant flowering plants.

Growing this variety of violets in colder conditions results in a wider and brighter rim on the petals. In the hot season, exceeding the temperature norm causes a decrease in the abundance of violet flowering, a decrease in the size of flowers, the absence of a characteristic border, as well as speck. Prolonged stay of the plant in a room with such a temperature adversely affects its growth.

Help to cope with high temperature can freshair from a window, fan or air conditioner. However, you should be very careful to ensure that there are no drafts, as the foliage and petals may become stained or stained with a light beige color. This will not lead to the death of the plant, but it will aesthetically spoil its appearance. In addition, hypothermia can cause violets to begin to rot the root system. In this case, only re-rooting will be the only salvation for the plants.

violet color

Irrigation

While watering violets of the "magic tulip" variety, the photo of which you can see in the article, you should also follow some rules:

  • You can also moisten the soil in a pot with tap water, but first it must be defended for 2 days in an open container to remove chlorine. After that, the water must be boiled, this will help get rid of excess s alts. Only after boiling and cooling water can be used for irrigation.
  • When watering, the water should be warmer than the temperature of the soil in the pot and the environment. In practice, it was determined that room temperature water is too cold for violets, especially in winter, when it is warmer on the backlit racks than in the room itself. The earth in the pot is also warmer, so it turns out that the water at room temperature turns out to be cold, which leads, as indicated above, to rotting of the root system and death of the plant.
  • When watering, it is necessary to avoid getting liquid on the growing point of the flower. In addition to the "top" irrigation, you should pour some water into the pot tray.
  • After 15 minutesafter watering, the remaining liquid in the pan should be removed so as not to cause root rot.
  • This variety of violet tolerates a slight drying of the soil more easily than excessive moisture. It is necessary to water the flower when the top of the soil is dry to the touch.
  • Once every 1, 5 - 2 months, the leaves of the plant should be washed under warm water to remove dirt and dust, while making sure that water does not get into the pot.
violet leaves

Humidity

For full growth violet "magic tulip" requires high humidity, which should not be less than 50%. In apartments, especially during the heating period, it is very difficult to achieve the necessary and stable humidity. In order to correct this situation, it is necessary to place a container of water near the plant pots. A humidifier would be a great option.

Adult plants, in comparison with "kids", have an increased level of adaptation to the level of humidity in the apartment. Transplanted plants or germinated leaves especially need high humidity, as this contributes to their better rooting and growth. To solve this problem, they are most often covered with polyethylene or placed in special greenhouses.

In cases where condensation appears on the shelter, it is necessary to ventilate the flower. However, one should not be too zealous with humidity, because when the mark of 70% is exceeded, the active reproduction of fungal diseases begins.

Soil selection

The normal growth of violets also depends on the correct selection of soil. They areneed loose and nutrient-rich soil. In addition to the fact that it can be purchased in specialized stores, self-production is also possible. To do this, mix:

  • 3 pieces of peat;
  • 5 pieces of leaf ground;
  • 1 part perlite;
  • up to 10% of the total volume of the mixture of charcoal and vermiculite.

This composition will provide good absorption of moisture and air.

Pots

Before transplanting the "magic tulip" violet, you need to choose the right size and material of the container. The best option would be a plastic or ceramic pot. Despite the lightness and durability of the plastic container, it prevents air from entering the soil.

flower pots

The size of the pot also plays an important role, because in a large capacity the violet will develop only the root system and will not bloom. Abundant flowering guarantees a small pot with holes in the bottom to drain excess liquid.

Violet diseases

The full development of this plant can be interfered with by parasites and various diseases, the most common of which are: gray rot, brown rot, late blight, powdery mildew.

Late blight is characterized by brown spots on the foliage and rot on the roots. A plant affected by this disease should be completely eliminated and the pot should be disinfected. In order to protect the plant from late blight, superphosphate must be added to the soil.

violet late blight

Grey rotIt appears as spots of the corresponding color on any part of the plant. To fight, the “sick” parts of the flower are removed, and the plant is transplanted with a fungicide treatment.

During powdery mildew, whitish marks in the form of dew drops appear on violet leaves. You can fight it with the help of "Fundazol".

The cause of violet diseases is always improper care, so you should responsibly approach the arrangement of the place in which this flower will grow, because it is easier to prevent the disease than to fight it.

Possible pests

Magic tulip violet may be affected by the following pests:

  • mite;
  • aphid;
  • thrips;
  • shield;
  • whitefly;
  • nematode;
  • false shield, etc.

For clarity, the article contains a photo of the violet "PM magic tulip", affected by aphids.

aphid on violet

Acaricides will help get rid of ticks, Agravertin will help get rid of scale insects, and Aktar insecticide will help get rid of thrips.

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