Every year the number of plants on our planet is steadily decreasing. Natural disasters, wholesale deforestation for industrial purposes lead to the weakening of the “lungs of the Earth”, which, in turn, negatively affects our he alth. And although recently there have been events aimed at greening the city, nevertheless, in many megacities you can no longer breathe clean, healing air. And not everyone can afford to go on vacation outside the city or to ecologically clean areas of the country.
However, there is a great way out of this situation! You can create your own oasis and landscaping your backyard. Such a solution to the problem will not only provide you with clean air around the house, but will also become an exciting hobby for the whole family. Plus, your home will be transformed, it will become completely unique and inimitable.
Where to start landscaping the site?
First of all, you need to create a sketch of the landscape plan. How to do it?It is necessary to take a blank sheet of paper and draw on it the entire house area along with the house, as if you were looking at it from above. The fence can be marked with a regular line. The plan should indicate the size of the house, the length and width of the site, as well as the distance from the building to the fence. If the site already has trees, bushes, flower beds, stone paths and a pond, then they should also be noted.
The next stage is creative. You need to figure out what exactly the landscaping of the territory of your house adjoining will consist of. Landscaping is characterized by a huge variety of styles. The main thing is to consider the size of the site. If the area allows, then from the side of the facade of the house you can break a lawn with a stone path and single trees or bushes. In the backyard, you can place a cozy gazebo, hidden from prying eyes, or arrange a place for a barbecue. In the depths of the adjoining area, a decorative fountain or pond will look great.
The landscaping project must be carefully considered. It is better to give preference to several types of plants with bright flowers or leaves of different shades, not only green, but also brown, red, red or even blue. After the idea is thought over, it is necessary to mark on the plan the location of future garden decorations and new buildings: gazebos, fountains, ponds, terraces for relaxation. All structures must be in harmony with each other.
After the landscaping of the site is carefully thought out on paper, you can proceed to the practical implementation of yourideas. First you need to clear the area of debris, dried snags and plants. All structures that are not provided for by the landscaping plan must be dismantled, and excess trees must be removed. It may be necessary to level the ground in some places.
You can mount a gazebo, a pond or a reservoir on your own, however, to obtain a high-quality result, it is better to contact specialists who will perform all the necessary work. Further landscaping of the territory consists in marking places for planting ornamental plants and bushes. Success will largely depend on the quality of the soil. If the land is poor in fertilizer, then most of the plants will be frail, which will not add to the attractiveness of the overall landscape. So that efforts are not wasted, it is better to first analyze soil samples and, if necessary, fertilize the soil according to the recommendations of the laboratory. Now it remains only to choose the right plants and learn about the features of caring for them.
Landscaping the outer part of the plot
The outer part refers to the territory passing along the perimeter, separating the site from neighbors or undeveloped lands. A green hedge that protects you from prying eyes will look very harmonious. It can be launched both around the perimeter, and partially. Such a fence is a great alternative to boring and familiar wooden or metal fences. A hedge can be not only shrubs in one or two rows, but alsofruit or ornamental trees.
A two-row hedge can consist of both trees and shrubs: rose bushes, gooseberries or currants, lilacs, jasmine or honeysuckle. Such landscaping of the site will not only protect you from the looks of passers-by, but also delight you with a pleasant aroma during the spring flowering period.
Greening the inside of the site
The interior is the area that is directly adjacent to the building. Here you can fully express your imagination: beautiful flower beds, border plants, garden paths, artificial ponds, waterfalls and fountains. Particular attention should be paid to climbing crops: ivy, wild grapes, various creepers. Since they require support, they can be used to hide unsightly fences, outbuildings, or any landscaping imperfections under their foliage. Places for recreation (arbors, gazebos, verandas) can also be decorated with "bindweeds". To ennoble the inner part of the courtyard, it is appropriate to use unpretentious ampelous plants: fuchsia, petunia, surfinia, which will gracefully fall from hanging planters, flowerpots and baskets.
Arrangement of the intermediate part of the local area
This part of the site is designed to improve the entire territory and is located in places accessible to the eye: in recreation areas, opposite entrance doors or windows. Landscaping of the site in this zone is perhaps the most time-consuming and responsible. This area is usuallyvery extensive and always attracts special attention. That is why, when performing intermediate landscaping of a personal plot, you should take care of the drainage system, the possibility of watering and irrigation. Given the large area of this landscaped area, you can resort to creating a lawn that will go well with rockeries or rock gardens.
A few tips for beginner "landscapers"
When landscaping, whether it is landscaping a city or a separate plot of land, you should be guided by some small rules that will save you from serious mistakes.
1. It is better to plant less than to “overdo it.”
2. Trees should not be planted close to the house, because over time they will begin to shade the windows, dampness and mold may appear in the rooms.
3. It is necessary to strictly adhere to the prepared landscape plan.
4. When buying shrubs or trees, ask the seller how big they will be in a few years.
5. It is best to avoid straight lines when creating landscaping. Let the paths and flower beds be winding, so the garden will seem more voluminous.
6. Lawns require constant maintenance. Therefore, if you do not have enough free time, then it is better to refuse the lawn.