Currently, many flower growers strive to grow beautiful and beloved flowers not only in gardens and summer cottages, but also at home. Rose lovers are no exception.
The image of a rose has many meanings: it is a symbol of perfection, pride, wisdom, love, silence and mystery. The images of paradise, the heart, the beloved, Venus, the Mother of God are associated with it. There are few people in the world who will remain indifferent to such perfection, because it can decorate any celebration, holiday, garden, apartment, and also bring a lot of admiration to close and dear people. Is it possible to grow a rose from a cutting at home? It turns out you can. How to do this, we will consider later in the article.
How to grow a rose from a cutting at home?
There is nothing difficult in propagating roses from cuttings, and even a novice gardener can easily cope with this. It all depends on the well-chosen material for planting and the precise execution of simple rules.
But you needkeep in mind that not all varieties of roses can submit to the propagation method by cuttings. For example, it is doubtful that wrinkled and yellow park roses will be able to please you with established cuttings, but there will be no problems with miniature and climbing species of these beautiful flowers.
The advantage of the method of propagation of roses by cuttings is that the plants obtained with its help do not form root shoots, and this greatly simplifies care.
Such activities are more successful in the period from the end of June to the end of July, when the rose fades, and its leaves and petals begin to fall off. Such a base has the best chance of reviving the finest specimens. But just as often, cuttings are carried out in late autumn, and they even try to grow rose cuttings in winter.
Preparation of cuttings
Young and grassy shoots of flowers are completely unsuitable for cuttings at home. But the stems of one year of life, with a girth of approximately four to six millimeters, which either have not yet begun to bloom, or are already fading, are the best suited for these purposes. It's all about the significant amount of carbohydrates in such cuttings, which contribute to faster and more efficient rooting.
How to grow roses from cuttings of roses donated or grown in your own flower garden? Let's talk about it further.
Rose cuttings should be cut to a length not exceeding 25 cm. When cutting the stems into cuttings, it is very important to ensure that they have at least threekidneys. Cutting cuttings should be done with a sharpened tool (for example, a special pruner) treated with alcohol and boiling water. The lower cut is made obliquely - at an angle of about 45 degrees under the kidney. The upper cut is made straight, just above the kidney. In addition, at the lower cut, it is better to make another light cut along the stem about two centimeters long. This will accelerate the formation of roots.
We must not forget that while the cutting has not formed roots, its moisture supply will not be replenished. Therefore, it is very important to reduce the volatility of the existing one. For this purpose, the leaves are partially removed: the upper ones are cut off by about a third, and the lower ones are completely removed.
To increase the percentage of successfully rooted cuttings, experienced gardeners resort to keeping the lower cut in various liquid biostimulants for plants for half a day (for example, in "Heteroauxin" or "Epin"). Or they simply dip the cut in a dry powdered biostimulator (for example, in Kornevin). You can do without them, but this increases the risk of not having a good result, since the use of stimulants in certain quantities has a beneficial effect on the survival rate of the cuttings. At the same time, it is very important not to allow the concentration of these substances to be exceeded, otherwise it may adversely affect the flowers. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly follow the instructions indicated on the packages of such drugs. Consider ways to grow a rose from a cuttinga rose purchased or grown on your own plot.
Methods of rooting cuttings
Prepared cuttings can be rooted using various methods, of which there are a lot. However, the most effective are:
- in potatoes;
In the water
Let's consider how to properly grow a rose from a cutting in this way. This is one of the simplest and most popular rooting methods. The shoots prepared using the method mentioned above must be placed in cool boiled water. Every two or three days, the water must be changed. Thus, after a month, roots will begin to form in the cuttings, which can then be planted in the ground. Following this, the cuttings will need to be covered with plastic bottles and not removed until the leaves form.
For this method of cuttings, it is better to take young shoots from the side branches of the flower.
However, when applying this method of rooting cuttings, some nuances must be taken into account. Firstly, it is better not to put a large number of cuttings in one container - they will be cramped. Secondly, you can not pour a lot of water into the container, as this is fraught with a lack of oxygen at the bottom of the container and the subsequent death of specimens from decay. Therefore, just in case, you need to prepare for the fact that not all cuttings can survive and take root. In addition, this method is not suitable for all varieties of roses. The most successful result will be with ground cover and dwarfviews.
In the soil
And how to grow a rose in the soil from a cutting at home? This type of rooting is the most difficult compared to the others, but it gives a good result by increasing the percentage of plant survival.
How to grow a rose from a cutting? First, pour a layer of drainage on the bottom of the pot. As it is better to use medium-sized fragments of brick or crushed stone. After that, the drainage is covered with special soil for roses. It can be purchased ready-made at flower shops or gardening stores. But the best option is to prepare the soil yourself. To do this, mix equal amounts of soddy and leafy soil with sand in a small pot (1/3 of soddy soil, 1/3 of leafy soil and 1/3 of river sand).
The prepared mixture is additionally covered with sand on top by 5-7 cm. When planting the cuttings, it is worth checking that they are deeper than the sand layer, that is, directly in the ground.
It is better to place the cuttings at an angle, with an oblique cut down, at a distance of about three to five centimeters from one to the other. The distance directly between the rows themselves should not be less than ten centimeters. After that, the flowers must be poured with clean water and covered with glass jars or plastic bottles with a cut off bottom.
Roots will begin to form after 25-30 days. Throughout this period of time, the soil must be kept moist. When the first young leaves appear for hardeningplants can occasionally remove jars (bottles), which can then be completely abandoned.
Carrying out cuttings in late spring or summer, some gardeners try to immediately plant roses in the garden, others still resort to using pots so that temperature changes and bad weather conditions cannot harm the plants. Moreover, in late autumn, in any case, it will be necessary to dig up the cuttings grown in the garden, and then transplant them into pots and put them into the house so that the young bush survives the winter.
In potato tubers
Now we will learn how to grow a rose from a cutting in a potato. This is a fairly common, efficient and reliable way. To do this, the length of the flower cutting should not be less than 25 cm. It is better to choose potato tubers of medium size, and also remove the “eyes” from them to prevent their germination. Then in the tubers it is necessary to make small indentations of a suitable diameter. This is where the cuttings will be inserted.
After that, they take a suitable container, on the bottom of which a layer of sand is poured with a depth of about 3-4 cm. Further, potato tubers with already introduced cuttings of flowers that need to be will sprinkle with a small amount of earth. Immediately after planting, the tubers with cuttings must be irrigated with a thin solution of potassium permanganate (the solution should be weak, pale pink) and covered with jars. Likewise, the roses will receive all their food and nutrients directly from the potato.As for watering, despite all the moisture that potato tubers create, it must be done regularly. And at least once a week, it is advisable to do this with sweetened water. To do this, simply dilute 2 teaspoons of regular sugar in a glass of water.
Most gardeners choose this method, thanks to which, when growing flowers at home, the highest survival rate of cuttings is ensured. Moreover, with further planting, their adaptation process is painless and faster. Young sprouts emerging from the buds will confirm the success of rooting.
In a bag
Let's consider how to grow a rose in a bag from a cutting. There are several ways, but two of them are the most popular.
Many people will be interested to know how to grow a rose from a cutting in this way. For this, in addition to the package itself, you will need moss. Moss is placed in a plastic bag, and then prepared cuttings are inserted into it. After that, the bag should be tightly inflated, securely tied and hung. With this method of growing cuttings, there is no need for watering, since the condensate that accumulates in the bag will moisten the moss and cuttings. And thus, roots should form by the end of the fourth week.
To grow a rose from a cutting at home in this way, you need to soak about a dozen cuttings in water at room temperature for 24 hours, and then wrap them in plain newspaper. The resulting bundle should be wrapped in a bag or a bag ofpolyethylene and leave to be stored at home at a temperature just above 20 degrees.
Every week, the package should be opened, the cuttings inspected and the paper slightly moistened. If for some reason the stalk begins to blacken or rot, then it must be thrown away so that rotting does not spread to other specimens. In this case, you should also replace the paper to get rid of the mold.
Roots should appear after two weeks.
This method is also called the Burrito rooting method. This method is considered ineffective. But despite this, it is popular with gardeners.
Trannoy cutting method
This is another way to grow a rose from a cutting at home. However, it enjoys little public recognition among gardeners and rarely gives the expected result. Growing flowers using this method should be carried out at the beginning or in the middle of summer. The essence of this method is to allow the stem of the rose to get as much nutrition as possible from the leaves before cutting it. To do this, the cut stems are pinched and left until the process of bud swelling occurs in the lower part of the branches. When the buds swell, the maturation of the wood will begin, its readiness for growth and development will appear. In this process, it is very important to prevent the emergence of leaves from the kidneys, otherwise this reproduction will be completely ineffective.
Planting rose cuttings in the ground
After the roots appearon cuttings they can be planted in pots. But it is important to ensure that the upper kidney of the cutting rises above the ground.
Around the planted rose should create a greenhouse effect. To do this, the container with the seedling must be placed in a large plastic bag or covered with a plastic bottle with a cut-out bottom. The container with seedlings should be in a room with an air temperature of about 25 degrees. In addition, rose sprouts require regular spraying with water from a spray bottle.
It is best to plant roses directly into open ground at the very end of spring, in the absence of a threat of frost returning. Usually, a well-lit place without drafts and winds is chosen for this. The soil should be fertilized with organic matter, and, if necessary, mineral components should be added.
Seedlings need to cut the stems, leaving three or four buds. And do not dig large holes, there will be enough depth according to the size of the roots. After planting, the roses need to be watered and sprinkled with sawdust to retain moisture. Rose bushes at first should be protected from direct sunlight. The adaptation period of seedlings in a new place lasts about half a month, and then they begin to grow.
Whatever method is chosen, it is important to remember that the best result is easier to obtain at a favorable temperature, which should be around +25 ° C, as well as with good lighting and timely watering.
Summing up, we can say that the methods and ways to grow a rose from a cutting at home are currentlythere are not so few. Each of them has its own disadvantages and advantages, some of them are less effective, but more convenient, and vice versa. Therefore, when choosing a method for growing these magnificent flowers, it is important to remember that roses are capricious plants and require good and complete care.