Facade cladding is one of the important components of the external attractiveness of the house and reliable protection of the walls from adverse factors such as snow, rain and solar radiation. Finishing performs protective functions and creates thermal insulation for rooms.
The construction market today presents a huge variety of options for finishing the facade. One of the most common is siding. Its installation does not require special training, skills and abilities. If you choose the right materials and work responsibly, observing all the nuances of technology, you can get a high-quality finish.
Which siding to choose
If you started siding, you should consider several of its varieties, among others, steel should be distinguished, it is presented in a wide variety of shades and colors. The material is durable, resistant to deformation and fireproof.
But such canvases also have their drawbacks, they are expressed in the susceptibility of products to corrosion. The facade ends up being quite heavy, whichputs stress on the foundation. This should also be taken into account when building a house. If the cladding is handled carelessly, it can receive mechanical damage. In addition, the lining has a high cost.
When to choose aluminum siding
Siding can be done using aluminum panels, which are used on the walls of residential and industrial buildings. Among the advantages of finishing, one can single out the fact that the material does not fade in the sun, has high strength and durability, has a huge selection of colors, and siding can be purchased at an affordable cost.
Among the shortcomings should be highlighted:
- possible deformations;
- corrosion susceptibility;
- susceptibility to mechanical stress.
Whether to choose wood and cement siding
Wooden siding has an attractive appearance and excellent heat retention. It can be used to decorate office and residential buildings. This facing has its drawbacks, they are:
- in high cost;
- the need for impregnation with special compounds.
These manipulations allow you to increase the life of the coating. An alternative solution is cement siding, which is a new cladding technology. Cellulose fibers are added to the cement, which makes it possible to obtain a paneling similar to expensive types of wood.
Special pressing technology allows you to use the finish with any pattern. Panels are used for sheathing industrial facilities, but in the case of residential buildings, cement cladding is rarely used. It is offered in a wide range of colors and is characterized by strength and durability, as well as fire safety.
If you started the outer skin with cement siding, you should also consider its disadvantages, among them should be highlighted:
- processing complexity;
- impressive weight;
- high cost;
- necessity for the master to have special training.
Features of vinyl siding
One of the common types of finishes is vinyl siding, which looks expensive and spectacular. The material can imitate many textures: from marble to expensive varieties of stone and wood. To create a picture or an original pattern, you can choose products of different colors.
They are easy and simple to install, durable, reasonable cost, light weight, the ability to replace several panels during operation. But such products can crack and cannot withstand strong impacts.
Preparation of tools and materials before facing
If you want to clad a house with siding, it is recommended to consider photos of houses. But first you must prepare all the necessary tools, andnamely:
- electric saw.
When choosing materials, you should prepare:
- outer and inner corner;
- drain and starting bar;
- window bar.
At the first stage, the master should determine how much material is required for sheathing. For this, the area of \u200b\u200bthe walls, the number and size of window openings, as well as the type of roof are determined. With the data, you can calculate the number of panels yourself.
To do this, subtract the area of windows and doors from the area of the walls. The resulting number is divided by the area of one panel for cladding. The result obtained must be multiplied by 1, 1, this will allow you to determine the area of \u200b\u200bthe panels with a margin of 10%.
Preparatory work and installation of the crate
If you decide to do-it-yourself siding at home, you will have to prepare the walls, for this they are cleaned of dirt, and excess items such as window sills, platbands and pipes are removed from the surface.
Slots are filled with mounting foam or cement mortar. If you have to work with wooden walls, then they are treated with an antiseptic. After reviewing the photo of the siding sheathing, you can decide on the color of the cladding.
The next step is to install the frame. If the building is new, then this stage can be omitted. For the crate, metal or wood is usually used. The latter option is cheaper, but the metal frame is more durable and reliable. For a wooden crate, you can use slats that are treated with an antiseptic. Steel crate is made of galvanized profile.
Insulation, waterproofing and panel installation
The next step will be the laying of insulation and waterproofing work. Styrofoam can be used as thermal insulation, and a membrane is suitable for waterproofing. The insulation is laid in the first layer, then the membrane goes, and after that you can proceed to attach the new frame.
Sheathing a house with siding with insulation provides for fastening panels with gaps between the end of the products and the corners. It is necessary to withstand about 8 mm. Between the crate and the panels you need a gap of 2 mm, which will prevent deformation of the siding.
Before installing the next panel, it is connected to the panel attached to the crate. The joints are closed with a corner. Fixing the planks in the area of window openings is carried out at the next stage. Profile corners should overlap.
A space of 5 mm is left at the top and bottom when mounting the profiles. A finishing bar is installed under the roof. When installing the first row, the siding will be fixed to the starting bar. For this, a self-tapping screw is used, which is located at the top and in the center. The distance between fasteners should be 45see The following rows are mounted in the same way.
Recommendations for batten installation
If you do siding with your own hands, it is important to observe all the nuances of the technology. For example, when installing a crate, you will need to install a frame made of wooden slats or a metal profile. The latter is the best option for concrete or brick walls.
If the house has wooden walls, and you decide to use vinyl siding, then slats with a cross section of 60 x 40 mm are used for the frame. Previously, these elements are treated with an antiseptic. Sheathing with siding at the marking stage involves the use of a tape measure, with which you can mark straight lines on the facade. They should form a closed loop.
Measuring the distance from the basement to the roof in the corners of the house, you need to find the minimum distance and draw a contour for the starting bar. If it is not level, the panels will warp. After that, you can proceed to the installation of guides in the corner area.
When siding, you must ensure that the rails fit snugly against the wall. To do this, put pieces of wood. There should be a distance of 40 cm between the vertical strips. The rails should not be connected so that there are no obstructions to ventilation.
If you exclude the flow of air from below, then condensation will accumulate in the upper part of the frame, which will eventually cause putrefactive formations and premature destruction of the walls.
Some builders when sheathing a house with sidingexclude the stage of installation of waterproofing. In the case of a foam block or wooden walls, this layer is mandatory, while the presence of insulation is optional. A vapor barrier film can be used as a waterproofing.
If you decide to finish the house with siding, then you have to install guides. When installing them, work begins with the installation of a drainage system and a starting bar, the latter is located on the base, and the upper edge will be along the intended line.
After that, you can move on to the corner profiles, which are rigidly fastened with self-tapping screws. Around doors and windows, it will be necessary to install appropriate trims, which are also called J-profiles. Elements in the corners are cut at an angle of 45°, but overlap installation can be used. The latter approach simplifies the task, but does not allow to achieve such an aesthetic look.