Bath has been known for its healing properties since ancient times. People here not only wash themselves, but also get rid of many internal problems and tensions. It's really a good holiday. During regular sessions of visiting the steam room, people can overcome many rather serious, chronic ailments. It is also a good prevention of various pathologies.
The final stage of the construction of the building is the erection of the roof. This is a responsible event. The roof of the bath is somewhat different from the usual variety. During its construction, it is necessary to adhere to a number of rules. If you study them carefully, take them seriously, it is quite possible to cover the bath yourself.
This building requires certain materials. The design parameters established by building codes are also observed. A well-built object will serve the benefit of the owners for a long time.
Many owners of their own houses build a bathhouse on their plot. After all, this is not only a room for washing off dirt from the body. Here they restore spiritual strength, relax. Therefore, when starting construction, you need to familiarize yourself with the rules of how to make a roof in a bathhouse. Properly builtbuilding will serve the good. But violation of building codes and rules will lead to the fragility of the building. The healing properties of the bath in this case will be lost.
The choice of materials, the type of construction depends on the features of the building itself. The roof of the bath is easier to install than in a conventional building. Also, the choice of the type of its device depends on the conditions of the area. If it is an open area of the steppe where winds often blow, a relatively flat roof would be preferable. The more precipitation, the stronger the slope must be done for the roof.
All types of roofs for baths can be divided into gable and single-slope. The slope angle should be between 10 and 60 degrees. It depends on the terrain and the materials that are involved in the roofing.
For a free-standing structure, a gable version is suitable. It will be reliable and cost less than multi-slope varieties. If the rainfall in this area is heavy, the slope can be 45 degrees.
Almost completely flat roof settling in areas with strong winds. Shed options are applicable for buildings that are adjacent to the main building. Moreover, in this case, the angle of its slope is in the range from 50 to 60 degrees.
When deciding how to make a roof on a bathhouse, you should decide whether it will be a building with or without an attic. Gable varieties most often suggest the presence of such a room. Roofing atit looks more aesthetic. Let the consumption of materials in the case of the construction of an attic or attic be greater, this structure will be suitable for use in the winter.
Also, a similar type of roof will allow you to equip an attic (if the slope of the slopes allows you to make a sufficient height). Here is located in quite a few projects a rest room. Such a building will already be a whole bath complex. Some owners use the attic to store various supplies, conservation. Such a room can be useful for many purposes and ideas.
For a shed roof, it is allowed to make a structure with or without an attic. In the second option, the ceiling will repeat the slope of the roof. This design is applicable for an object that is operated only in summer. This type of roof is most often chosen in the country, where it is supposed to dry fruits and vegetables right at the top of the room.
Carrying out the construction of the roofs of baths, choose a truss structure. Its elements rest on a solid beam below. It's called Mauerlat. Rafters can also rest on ceiling beams. In this case, they are connected from above with a ridge beam. In this case, the size of the structure should be taken into account. After all, it may be a simple small building, or perhaps it is a bathhouse with a gazebo under one roof.
If the structure is quite large, additional elements are added for strength. These include crossbars, rafters or ties. For those who want to build a roof on their own, this kindmore suitable than with hanging rafters. But at the same time, the load on the walls increases.
Outer Coating Materials
Today there is a large selection of materials that the roof of the bath accepts. Each of them has its own positive and negative qualities, different cost. Also, the type of material can even affect the design, the slope of the roof.
For such purposes, ondulin, roofing felt, corrugated board, slate, slate, galvanization, etc. are used. The more durable the material, the more expensive it is. The most affordable roofing material today (service life 10-15 years). Slate is considered durable. But it increases the load on the frame. The service life of this coating is 30-40 years. The most durable are corrugated board and metal tiles (up to 50 years). But they also have a rather high cost. However, if you do not want to repair the roof often, it is better to give preference to reliable, durable types of coating.
Dependence of the angle of inclination on the material
The angle of inclination depends on the type of roofing material. All bath roof projects take this feature into account. If the choice is made in favor of a metal coating, the slope can be made minimal (10-27 degrees). For slate, you can choose an angle of 27-45 degrees.
But for roll materials, a sufficiently strong slope should be chosen. Otherwise, in winter, snow will accumulate on the roof. This increases the load on the entire structure, reduces the durability of the material.
And if the layers of roofing material will benot enough, during heavy snowmobiles the integrity of the roof may be broken. Needs urgent repairs.
Materials of supporting elements
In addition to the flooring on top of the roof, it is necessary to think over all the constituent elements of the structure before starting construction. These include the supporting part (girders, rafters), wooden crate, insulating layers. All materials must be well dried, free from defects, knots, etc. Otherwise, this greatly complicates the construction process and reduces the durability of the premises.
The supporting structure consists of a rafter leg, edged board, crossbar. The roof in the bath can be sheathed horizontally or vertically. For the crate, the type of laying is selected depending on the material of the sheathing. When using rolled materials, it is required to apply elements in a continuous way. The thickness of the boards must be at least 2 cm.
If the length of the roof is long and the covering material is hard, the batten may not be continuous. In this case, it is better not to impose joints at the same level. Boards of different lengths should be used. This increases the durability of the entire structure.
Sequence of work
A bathhouse with a shed roof or with two sides of the structure is built according to a certain scheme. Initially, the Mauerlat is installed on top of the finished walls. This must be done as horizontally as possible. The stability of the entire system depends on this. Fastening is carried out using special long anchors. Mauerlat is put very hard.
Next, a truss truss is installed. After that, its crate is performed. All wooden elements are treated with special substances. They prevent fires. Fungus and insects will not start in the material.
Further, waterproofing is being arranged. The roof and ceiling are insulated. Only then can the roof be covered. Ends are formed. Inside, the ceiling is being arranged, finishing is carried out depending on the type of interior.
To protect the elements of the structure from moisture, sealing of the roof is required. Various membrane films are used for this. They serve as hydro and vapor barrier. The first type of films protects the roof from moisture from outside. If even minor defects appear in the flooring, water can seep inside. This leads to the rapid destruction of the roof.
Vapor barrier creates a barrier on the side of the room for rising moisture, splashes. The waterproofing is stretched onto the rafters even before the crate is laid. The vapor barrier is installed between the lining and the ceiling insulation. The films are overlapped by 15-20 cm. At the same time, they are not stretched. This is necessary so that the material does not tear due to temperature differences.
Insulation inside and out
The process of installing insulation is as simple as the previous stage of work. Mineral wool is best suited for these purposes. This material "breathes", a fungus does not start in it. It also has good fire performance.
The roof, the ceiling of the bath are insulated with a 10 cm layer. Andin this case, the attic space can be equipped as a rest room. It is not recommended to use foam for such purposes. It emits harmful phenol fumes indoors. This insulation is used for facades.
Save on your he alth is not worth it. Moreover, when using polystyrene foam in a humid room, the fungus grows extremely quickly. This nullifies all the efforts of the owners. Being in such a room is fraught with he alth problems. First of all, the respiratory tract is affected. An allergy may occur. Therefore, it is forbidden to operate a room with a fungus.
In our country, roofing with turf has not yet become widespread. However, this natural material is often used all over the world. It has an interesting aesthetic effect. This option looks especially good if a bathhouse with a gazebo is set up under one roof. The original style of a natural house will appeal to both the owners and their guests.
Two layers of turf are laid on top of the waterproofing. The bottom row is rooted up and the top row is rooted down. The slope of the roof should be 10-15 degrees. But such a roof will require maintenance regularly. Therefore, the owners should have a lot of free time for this.
The ceiling inside the bathhouse
Completes the arrangement of the roof installation of the ceiling. It can be made with the help of filing with building materials or flooring. In the first case, the ceiling will require an additional layer of vapor barrier, which is designed specifically for the bath. Then mineral wool is mounted. Completes the board assembly process.
The roof of the bath at this stage of the arrangement may include the laying of a vapor barrier on the draft layer of the ceiling. Further, lining is used as a decorative finish. The need for insulation is determined in the building, which is operated in winter.
Depending on the project, you can build a whole bath complex here. It may contain a steam room, a shower, a pool, a relaxation room, a gazebo. The design of the ceiling is selected depending on the entire interior of the room. It is best to use natural materials here. The wood looks good. However, it should be hardwood, well-finished. Also, such wood should not contain resins.
After familiarizing yourself with the basic norms and rules of construction, the roof of the bath can be erected independently. By carefully planning all the details, selecting materials, and also taking into account the features of the area, you can design a quality building. By adhering to the considered recommendations during the construction process, you can expect durability from the new bath. Here the owners of the house, their guests will be able to restore strength, vitality and relax in body and soul.