How to make a warm floor in the bath from the stove with your own hands?

How to make a warm floor in the bath from the stove with your own hands?
How to make a warm floor in the bath from the stove with your own hands?
Anonim

For a long time, the Russian bath has been a favorite place for water procedures. The only drawback of the bath buildings was considered to be cool floors, which were made of wood and even earthen. As is known from the law of physics, warm air from a stone stove immediately rises, heating the room, but the floors remain cold. It is this temperature difference that leads to an uncomfortable state of a person while taking bath procedures.

Walking on a cold floor causes not only discomfort, but can also lead to a cold, especially in children. Therefore, an attentive owner is thinking about how to make a warm floor in a bath from a stove with his own hands. Fortunately, modern industry offers many materials that can facilitate such construction.

Features of underfloor heating

Since the bath is considered a room with high humidity and temperature, the materials used to make a warm floor in a bath from a stove should effectively resist rotting and the harmful effects of water.

For making sexcoatings are best suited for various types of tiles, as well as natural stone or porcelain stoneware. These materials have a high heat transfer and are completely unaffected by high humidity. Laying the warm floor in the bath from the stove is carried out on tile adhesive, which has high waterproofing properties.

Stone heated floor in the bath

Many owners still dream of a warm natural wood floor that feels good on the feet, but requires a lot of effort to maintain and install. Under the action of moisture, the wood gets wet and expands, and a microclimate is created at the junctions, which contributes to the development of mold. Therefore, the manufacture of a warm floor in a bath from a simple stove is recommended to be made from coniferous trees, as they contain a large amount of oils that increase the resistance of the material to water, which prevents the wood from rotting.

But when looking for the best flooring option, it is better to opt for ceramic floor tiles. Such material has a high degree of thermal conductivity and is several times more efficient than wood. Stone floors also look great, which transfer heat as well as tiles. That's just the process of cleaning the premises will present a certain difficulty, but it depends on the choice of stone.

Warm tile floor

Benefits of using heating

The main advantage, the preservation of the he alth of people taking bath procedures, has already been mentioned. To date, there is still a wholea number of positive reviews about the warm field in the bath from the stove:

  • The underfloor heating system is considered absolutely harmless to human he alth and environmentally friendly.
  • Unlike electric heating, the warm floor in the bath from the stove can fully boast of the absence of electromagnetic radiation, which adversely affects human well-being.
  • The use of heating from the stove contributes to the creation of a comfortable microclimate in the bathhouse.
  • An important role is played by the low cost of fuel for heating and its low consumption.

Of course, skeptics may say that it is difficult to mount such a structure. But these difficulties will more than pay off in further exploitation.

Disadvantages of floor heating system

However, along with many positive qualities, there are some disadvantages of using a water-heated floor in a bath from a stove:

  1. During the cold period, the heating circuit may freeze, and this may lead to damage to the pipes. Therefore, it is necessary to drain the coolant or heat it up constantly, which is economically unprofitable. You can also use antifreeze instead of water.
  2. Reducing the efficiency of the furnace, due to the need to spend its thermal energy to heat the storage tank. This disadvantage applies to both the washing department and the steam room.
  3. Increasing the warm-up time in several rooms of the bath building at once.
  4. No possibility of installing leaking floors, as wetting the thermal insulation can lead to a decreaseefficiency of the entire heating system.

Methods of installing floors

Before starting construction work on installing a warm floor in a bath from a stove with your own hands, you need to decide on the option for its manufacture.

Using modern materials, heated flooring can be laid in the following ways:

The installation of a heating system in the wooden floors of the bath room will require the builder to make an accurate calculation of the places where the log is cut for laying heating pipes. The advantage of wooden coating is the possibility of repair work

Installation of underfloor heating
  • The best option for a warm floor in a bath from a stove is the manufacture of a concrete screed, which has a high degree of moisture resistance and a low cost of the materials used. It should only be noted that the operation of such a coating is possible after a certain period of time necessary for the complete drying of the screed. It will also be quite difficult to determine the location of a pipeline leak if it is damaged.
  • The use of special polystyrene sheets, which have a foil reflective layer and the necessary recesses for reliable fastening of the pipe system, has become possible with the development of the construction industry. It is worth noting that such a coating still needs to be poured with a concrete screed.

Principle of floor heating from stove

To make a warm floor in the bath from the stove, you need to make a metal shirt that looks like a skeleton fromlongitudinal pipe with several branches. Such outlets are connected at the bottom by tubes, closing into a heating system. The shirt is installed above the firebox, inside the furnace.

If the floor heating system in the bath is from a stove without a pump, then the water circulates due to the temperature difference of the heated medium. It is very difficult to create conditions for the natural movement of water; it is necessary that the furnace and the buffer tank, which is installed outside the heat source, be located at least in the same plane. Therefore, the installation of a warm floor in a bath from a stove with forced convection is the most common way to create water circulation.

Buffer capacity assignment

The buffer tank is an indispensable part of the heating system, as it eliminates the boiling of water in the shirt. It is installed immediately after the coil in the coolant system. Natural water circulation is possible only if the entire boiler room system is located below the floor level in the bath. Such an arrangement is economically unprofitable, therefore, forced movement of water using a circulation pump is more often used.

It is considered very practical to create a warm floor in the bath from the Termofor stove, since the design of this device has a built-in metal shirt. The heating process based on the use of this furnace is the correct connection of the boiler to the heating system.

Preparing the base for underfloor heating

Before you start laying pipes for heating, you must complete the basicpreparatory work. These technological operations include the preparation of the underfloor heating base, as well as the organization of the drainage of water from the bathhouse.

If the heated floor will be mounted on open ground, then it is necessary first of all to level the surface, with the creation of a slope to remove water. Then you need to do the following:

  1. Remove excess soil between the walls of the foundation of the building. Lay the sewer pipe, then tamp the surface.
  2. Backfill with a mixture of sand and gravel up to 15 cm high. Compact this pillow.
  3. Then, it is desirable to insulate the surface with a layer of fine expanded clay 15-20 cm thick.

The next step is to insulate the base to avoid heat loss during floor heating.

Wooden floor insulation

Thermal insulation of a wooden surface is carried out in the following sequence:

bearing beams are installed on the bottom, to which bars are attached, which serve as the basis for the vapor barrier;

Laying wooden logs for underfloor heating
  • next, a draft floor is created from unedged boards;
  • insulation is laid between the beams;
  • a layer of waterproofing must be laid over the insulation material;
  • the next step will be the installation of pipes for heating;
  • this whole structure is covered by a basic floor covering.

Concrete floor insulation process

Here the task looks much more difficult than with a woodencoated. All insulation operations are as follows:

  • the base for the floor, after making the foundation, is made from a concrete screed or floor slab;
  • then a roofing material waterproofing layer is laid on this base;
  • on top of this layer, foam polystyrene insulation is installed;
  • a special mesh for reinforcement is laid on the insulation and this layer is poured with cement mortar.
Grouting under tiles

Experienced builders advise before laying the roofing material to fill the surface with bituminous mastic to prevent moisture penetration.

Heating pipe laying patterns

Thermal conductors are laid with a snake or a snail. In rooms with a large area, the method of arranging pipes with a snail will be the most effective, since with this method there is no temperature loss. The serpentine laying option is mainly used in rooms up to 10 m22.

Scheme of laying a warm floor with a snake

To compensate for heat loss, use a reduction in the laying step. So, if the standard step is 30 cm, then the second half of the room is passed with a step of 20 cm, and the last quarter - 15 cm. This principle will allow you to maintain the required temperature of the coolant.

The snail laying method has the advantage that it is not necessary to bend the tube 180°, as with a snake laying, but 90° or even a circular pattern is sufficient.

The scheme of laying a warm floor with a snail

No matterwhich floor heating system was chosen, all operations must be performed strictly according to the technological process. In this case, the main attention should be paid to the safety requirements and comfort of using the bath room.

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