Do-it-yourself landscaping of the courtyard of a private house: photo. Tips for arranging the courtyard of a private house

Do-it-yourself landscaping of the courtyard of a private house: photo. Tips for arranging the courtyard of a private house
Do-it-yourself landscaping of the courtyard of a private house: photo. Tips for arranging the courtyard of a private house
Anonim

Your own house requires more attention than an ordinary apartment (even a 2- or 3-room apartment). A large part of the concerns is related to the area around the structure. In the old days, all owners of their own residential real estate with adjacent plots of land carried out the arrangement of the courtyard of a private house with their own hands (the photo below shows the trends of previous years). But what is landscape design today?

arrangement of the courtyard of a private house

General information

Earlier, arranging the courtyard of a private house in the village with your own hands (the photos presented in the article illustrate this) was quite simple. Most of the territory was allocated for vegetable crops, barns for animals. A small area was planted with flowers. Today, country preferences are almost completely forgotten, and the solutions that were used before are unpopular today. Today infashion a solid cottage or a cozy small mansion, surrounded by a picturesque landscape, flower beds, small architectural forms. Next, we will figure out what the arrangement of the courtyard of a private house should be like. Photos of some solutions will also be presented in the article.

Territory as a whole

Each owner of his own cottage arranges the courtyard of a private house in accordance with his personal preferences. Many turn to professionals for help. Professional landscape designers draw up projects, taking into account not only the wishes of customers, but also the characteristics of the area itself. Many owners carry out the arrangement of the courtyard of a private house with their own hands (photos illustrate several design options for the territory). Before starting work, it is necessary to draw up a plan, in accordance with which certain structures will be erected on the ground.

arranging the courtyard of a private house with your own hands from improvised materials

Spatial planning

Do-it-yourself landscaping of the courtyard of a private house begins with drawing up a diagram. There is a complex of objects that are present on the territory almost always. These include:

  • Courtyard (terrace).
  • Garage with parking.
  • Summer shower. This element, as a rule, is used when arranging the courtyard of a private house in the village (the photo shows how organically this detail can be entered into the landscape).
  • Playground.
  • Outbuildings.
  • Decorative elements, small architectural forms. These include gardeninglanterns, stone compositions, sculptures, alpine slides, etc.
  • Green spaces: flower beds, trees, lawn, shrubs, etc.
  • An integral element, without which the arrangement of the courtyard of a private house with your own hands, is paths. They not only create ease of movement, but also perfectly complement the landscape.

Of course, this list is optional. When arranging the courtyard of a private house, one should be guided by common sense and understand exactly what is useful on the territory and what is not. In addition, there are a number of requirements that must be followed.

do-it-yourself arrangement of the courtyard of a private house photo

Location of objects

When arranging the courtyard of a private house (in a village or a suburb of a metropolis), it is necessary to place the elements at a certain distance relative to each other. For example, if there is an aviary for a dog, then it must be removed from a residential building by at least 4 meters, a garage and outbuildings should be installed at a distance of 7 meters from each other. Compost pits, wells, a separate toilet should be built at least 15 meters away from housing. The fence is located from any buildings at a distance of 1-1.5 m, tall plants - up to 3 m.

Trails

You can proceed to their marking after the arrangement of the courtyard of a private house is fully planned. When designing paths, you also need to follow certain standards. The width of the tracks should not be less than 75 cm. If the area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe territory allows,you can make a circular path near the residential building. Thanks to this, it will be easy to get to different parts of the house. In addition, it can be a great cycle track for children.

arranging the courtyard of a private house with your own hands

Landscape design taking into account the characteristics of the territory

Of course, it is easiest to arrange the yard of a private house when the terrain is flat: there are no hills, hillocks on it, and the surface itself is horizontal, without a slope. In such a territory, a wide scope opens up for the realization of a variety of ideas. Of great importance are the composition of the soil, climatic features of the area. When arranging the territory, you need to know not only the nuances of landscape design, but also have "botanical" skills. They lie in the ability to correctly place plants on the ground.

Environmental factors

They are of particular importance in the distribution of plantings. The following factors influence the development of plants:

  • Quantity, intensity of light. In this case, we are talking about its general distribution on the ground and specifically on the plot. Some plants like shady places, and some plantings feel better in an open lighted clearing.
  • Air temperature. When planning planting, the average indicators of the winter and summer periods are taken into account.
  • Humidity of the earth and air. In this case, the average amount of precipitation during the year and the proximity of groundwater to the soil surface are taken into account.
  • Reliefarea.
  • Features of the composition of air, water (acidity/alkalinity) and soil.

Given all these indicators, you can easily choose plants that will decorate the site and at the same time feel comfortable.

arrangement of the courtyard of a private house in the village

Territory styles

How exactly to equip a personal plot is up to each owner to decide on their own. There are several fairly common landscape design styles:

  • Classic.
  • English.
  • French.
  • Japanese.
  • Slavic.
  • Country.
  • Modern.

Japanese style is very attractive in terms of compactness. You can arrange even a small area. Slavic style is perfect for a wooden structure. With it, you can completely implement the arrangement of the courtyard of a private house with your own hands from improvised materials. European country in some way echoes the Slavic style, but it is more streamlined. The English design of the site is considered strict, but natural. The last word in landscape design is modern. With skillful use of it, you can create a unique design of the area. The classical style is considered traditional. Let's take a closer look at it.

do-it-yourself arrangement of the courtyard of a private house in the village photo

Landscape design in classic style

It is also called "regular". In the classical style, everything is designed in strict symmetry. linespaths and buildings should be clear. Geometric shapes are used. It is generally accepted that the classical style in the landscape can to some extent mitigate the storm of emotions that arise in urban residents plunging into nature. It should be noted that such a design of the site requires special and regular maintenance. Otherwise, the plantations will grow, and all clarity and severity will be lost.

What materials can be used for landscaping?

When designing the area, you can apply various designs and elements. In this case, a variety of materials can be used. For example, plastic is popular. It can be used to make garden borders. Plastic delimit beds, flower beds, paths. This material is resistant to moisture and temperature extremes. In addition, plastic is flexible. It can be used for the manufacture of arched structures and other things. Brick is considered a universal material. They carry out finishing of residential buildings, outbuildings. Looks great on the site brick gazebo. The material can also be used to create flower garden fences. Successfully combined brick with tiles, metal, wood. Often used and improvised material in the design of the site. For example, borders made of plastic or glass bottles look original. When arranging paths, trimming boards, shavings, and wood chips are often used. In landscape design, metal is almost universally used. It can be ordinary rods covered with paint, along which ornamental plants will curl. often onsections install forged elements. They give lightness to the surrounding landscape. Metal harmonizes perfectly with other materials.

arranging the courtyard of a private house with your own hands from improvised materials

Pavilion

When arranging the site, a place to rest is of particular importance. The gazebo effectively complements the design, gives more comfort to the territory. The building may be open or closed. Barbecue ovens are often built in the gazebo or a portable or built-in brazier is installed. Often this structure becomes a favorite place throughout the site.

Playground

This is an essential element of many personal plots. When arranging a playground, it is necessary to choose materials that are safe for kids. Today, the range of children's sports complexes on the market is very wide. They come in different sizes, collapsible or stationary. A playground can be a wonderful continuation of a gazebo or located in an open meadow near a residential building.

Garage

If there is a car, then a parking place must be arranged for it. As a rule, the garage is attached to the house. Parking can also be a simple canopy of profile pipes. Polycarbonate can be used as a roof. It is better, of course, to make a closed garage. In this case, the car will be protected from bad weather. The room must be large enough to carry out repairs or wash the vehicle.

Architectural forms

These elements are often used in the arrangementhousehold plot. Near the gazebo, you can install a small fountain or draw a stream. Original compositions are created from natural stone. They can also use a combination of different materials. Small sculptures in flower beds look very attractive. It can be heroes of fairy tales or cartoons. The original garden lights look impressive. They can be placed along paths, around flower beds, near gazebos.

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