Anemone flowers: planting and care in the open field

Anemone flowers: planting and care in the open field
Anemone flowers: planting and care in the open field
Anonim

Today, many beautiful plants are grown in home gardens and summer cottages. One of them is the anemone. This delicate plant is able to decorate any garden. However, in order for the flower to develop to the delight of the owners of the site, you need to properly approach its cultivation.

Before planting this plant, you need to know the features of its cultivation. This will allow you to observe graceful, beautiful compositions of these delicate flowers in your flower beds. How the anemone is planted, as well as the proper care of this flower, will be discussed later.

General Description

Planting and caring for anemones (photo below) require certain knowledge from the gardener. This is a perennial herb. From the Greek language Anemone is translated as "anemone" or "daughter of the winds." This is due to the trembling of the petals of the buds, even from a light breath of wind.

Planting and caring for anemones

This is a representative of the buttercup family. Anemones prefer to grow in temperate climates. They can be found both on the plains and in the mountains. Moreover, anemones grow almoston all continents where weather conditions are acceptable.

There are more than 160 types of anemones. They differ in flowering, growth characteristics. Therefore, when growing these flowers, it is imperative to take into account the care requirements of a particular variety of these flowers. By taking care of this beautiful plant, you can decorate your garden with bright anemone buds.

Features of cultivation

Photos of anemones, planting and care in the open field, which are provided in accordance with the species, can be considered further. This plant can be quite capricious or unpretentious. It depends on the variety. Some flowers of this species have roots, while others have tubers.

Photo anemone

It's easiest to grow varieties that have roots. Tuberous varieties are more sensitive to adverse conditions. They are grown only by experienced flower growers. Regardless of species, there are several features that all anemones share.

All plants in this group require watering if the weather is hot and dry. During flowering and growth, as well as before planting, organic fertilizers are used for them. In autumn, it is necessary to fertilize the soil with mineral additives.

These perennials can only survive the harsh Russian winters with the right cover. Therefore, a flooring of leaves is constructed for them. Taking into account the recommendations of experts, you can grow beautiful, he althy flowers.

Varieties

Planting anemones (photo of plants is presented below), as well as caring for them are carried out in accordance withtype requirements. They are divided into groups according to various characteristics. Most often, spring and summer varieties are distinguished by flowering time. The first group is very elegant. Spring anemones are distinguished by a variety of pastel shades of inflorescences. The above-ground flowering cycle of these plants is short. By June, they go into a dormant stage. Leaves are preserved in such plants until autumn. Representatives of varieties blooming in spring are anemone tender, oak forest, buttercup.

Anemone species

Anemones blooming in summer are quite large plants. They have a branched root system. The prominent representatives of this group are the Japanese, hybrid and crown anemone.

Such plants bloom from late summer to mid-autumn. Some species (crown anemone) throw out their buds even twice a season. Peduncles in plants of this group are strong, tall. They can bloom more than a dozen flowers. They may have smooth or double petals.

Choosing a landing site

Outdoor planting and caring for anemones can be a little daunting for beginner growers. However, having considered all the subtleties of this process, you can grow them yourself. It is important to choose the right place for planting such plants. These requirements largely depend on the variety. However, almost all members of the species will thrive under certain conditions.

Planting an anemone in open ground

Anemones feel comfortable in partial shade. Select an appropriate location forplot. If the soil does not meet the requirements (clay, loam), you need to create high-quality drainage. The soil should be loose and fertile.

You need to follow these rules if the variety is unknown. The bottom layer of soil should contain sand. Anemone roots do not like stagnant water. Under such conditions, the plant will quickly die. Fine gravel is used as drainage. The soil should not be too acidic. It should be loose. This will ensure good soil permeability to air and water.

Soil preparation

Planting an anemone outdoors requires proper preparation. It is necessary to pay attention to the soil in which the flowers will be sown. When a suitable area is selected, which will be in partial shade, you need to prepare the soil. It is fertilized accordingly.

anemone flowers

The site must be protected from drafts. It should also be spacious enough. The roots of plants grow quite strongly. However, if they come into contact with other objects in the ground, they may be damaged. Anemone roots are very delicate. In addition to drafts, these plants also do not tolerate heat. They should not be sown under the scorching sun.

Before planting, the soil must be loosened. Sand is added to it. If the soil is highly acidic, dolomite flour must be added to it. For the same purpose, wood ash can be used. This will optimize the acidity. Organic fertilizers will also be required before planting.

Seed preparation

Planting anemones in the ground is carried out after preliminaryseed preparation. This method has several drawbacks. Germination of anemones from seeds is low. If properly prepared, you can get a much higher percentage of seedlings.

Seeds need to be stratified. They are stored in the cold for 1.5-2 months. The seed must be mixed with peat or sand (preferably coarse-grained). This stimulates the germination process. Sand should be 3 times more than seed. Next, the seeds need to be sprayed daily with water.

Anemone Care

When they begin to swell, you need to add special soil with fertilizers to them. Mix all the ingredients in a container and water a little. The container is placed in a cold (temperature +5 ºС) ventilated room. In a few days, the first shoots will hatch. They are taken out into the yard and buried in snow (or soil). They are covered with straw. Seeds can be sown in spring. Freezing allows you to get a high percentage of seedlings.

Planting seeds

After appropriate preparation, you can begin to introduce prepared anemone flower seeds into the soil. Planting and caring for plants in this case require attention from the gardener. Seedlings must have at least 2 leaves before planting prepared seeds in the field.

Anemone care on site

The prepared soil is loosened and seed is introduced into it. It may be in a special container. In this case, you can install it in the ground. Prepared anemones are also planted separately. Better to do in betweensufficient distance. So the roots will be less intertwined and harm each other.

If the seeds undergo natural stratification, they are planted in the ground in autumn. In this case, they are covered for the winter with dry branches or leaves. Such plants will bloom only in the third year. You can combine different varieties of anemones in one area. In this case, you can achieve their constant flowering. Some varieties will release buds when others have faded.

Tuber preparation

Planting and caring for anemones require the grower to act in accordance with the requirements of a particular variety. Some species of these plants reproduce by tubers. To prepare them for landing, you will need to follow a few simple steps.

The tubers should be soaked in warm water for several hours. This will wake them up from their sleep. During this time, the tubers will swell. After that, they are taken out of the water and planted in prepared containers. Containers should contain peat soil with wet sand. Each tuber is buried into it to a depth of 5 cm.

The soil should be moist, but moderate. You can't fill it up. Also, do not leave the soil dry. This will affect the seedlings. If you want to plant anemones in the ground, their tubers are soaked in a cloth that is saturated with an epin solution. After six hours of their stay in this state, the prepared material is taken out into the yard and planted in the soil.

planting tubers

Planting and caring for anemone flowers can be easy if you choose picky species. By creating the right conditions for their growth, you can not be afraid that the plants will dieunder the influence of various unfavorable factors.

There should be no problems with planting prepared tubers. It is important to determine how to install the tuber in the prepared hole. To do this, you need to look at the kidneys. They look like small bumps. Buds appear in prepared plants after soaking.

Looking at these tubercles, you will understand how to install the tuber in the hole. If in doubt, it should be noted that the top of this seed is flat. The convex end of the tuber is set down. The landing hole should be about 35 cm in diameter. The depth should be 15 cm. A little ash and organic fertilizers are poured into the bottom. A tuber is installed inside and covered with earth. After that, the soil needs to be watered.

Features of care

Proper planting and care of anemones give good results. It is important to maintain the correct level of humidity. Caring for this plant is easy. You need to properly water the flower. Waterlogging is just as dangerous as drought. This is especially dangerous during the flowering period. Buds will not be able to develop and open.

It is best if the anemones grow on a hill. This will help maintain the optimum level of humidity. A quality drainage system will also benefit. It is recommended to mulch the soil. To do this, a layer of foliage and peat is created. It should be about 5cm thick.

In spring, the soil should be moistened every 5-7 days (depending on the weather). If the weather is not very hot in summer, you can not water at all. However, humidity levels need to be monitored. If the weather is hot, watercarried out in the morning once a day. You can also moisten the soil after sunset.

Soil features

Proper planting anemone is not the only condition for the proper development of this plant. You need to feed it during the flowering period. For this, liquid organic matter is used. Mineral complex compositions are applied in autumn.

If the soil was well fertilized before planting, you can not fertilize until the flowering period. You also need to pay attention to loosening the soil. Weeds should be weeded out. They are pulled out by hand. Otherwise, fragile flower roots may be damaged.

Anemones are a fairly resistant plant to various diseases. However, slugs and snails can harm them. These pests can be easily controlled with a metaldehyde solution. Snails and slugs are pre-harvested from plants by hand. Winter worms can also harm. If they were damaged by a leaf nematode, you need to destroy all the plants, replacing also the soil in which they grew.

Preparing for winter

Planting anemones and caring for them are not very difficult if you know all the nuances. Plants need to be properly prepared for winter. In the autumn they are removed from the soil (if the winters are severe). The tubers need to be dried, the tops are cut off. They are stored in a cool dark place in sand or peat.

If the winters are relatively warm, you can cover the plants with foliage and branches. So they can winter safely.

Having considered how an anemone is planted, as well as the intricacies of caring for them, you can grow beautiful flowers on yourplot.

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