How to build a bath with your own hands: step by step instructions, photos

How to build a bath with your own hands: step by step instructions, photos
How to build a bath with your own hands: step by step instructions, photos
Anonim

Many property owners believe that the bath must be built of wood. But such buildings today are very expensive, since natural materials have a high price. Such market conditions contribute to the increase in the popularity of other materials such as foam block.

These products are cellular concrete, which does not contain harmful substances. Structures after completion of construction acquire high operational qualities. The foam block is an artificial stone. Walls made from this material are strong, non-combustible and durable.

Should I use a foam block for the construction of a bath

foam block in construction

Before you build a bath from blocks with your own hands, you should take an interest in some features of the materials. If we are talking about foam concrete, then it is quite often used for thermal insulation of floors.

The material is cheap, but it is obtained by combining a foaming agent with cement. It is actively used forconstruction of load-bearing walls. Before you build a bath with your own hands, you must find out that the foam blocks have characteristics that comply with building codes. Concrete has an excellent ability to retain heat, it is several times higher than this property of high-quality brick.

The construction process will not be accompanied by difficulties. The material is easy to saw or cut. Fasteners can be hammered into the walls. Before you build a bath from blocks with your own hands, you must take into account one of their minuses, which is porosity, which entails the ability to absorb moisture. For the construction of a bath, it is recommended to use a high-quality high-quality foam block. Among the ingredients should be a moisture-resistant primer. Such walls will absorb moisture less.

Building the foundation

If you want to know how to build a bath with your own hands, you should take into account that one of the important stages in the construction is laying the foundation. A pit is prepared for it, the width of which is 30 cm, while the depth is 60 cm. Pins are located at the corners, between which the rope is pulled.

Then you can start creating the reinforcement cage. For this, 12 mm rods are used. For pouring, formwork is assembled from boards, the width of which is 25 mm. The space is then filled with concrete. If it is important for you to know how to build a bath with your own hands, then you must comply with the base parameters. Its design must have a height within 75 cm.

After the concrete has hardened, the foundation can be waterproofed. For this ona layer of molten bitumen is applied on the surface, on which roofing material is laid. As soon as everything hardens, you can repeat the procedure.

Building walls

If you want to build a cheap bath with your own hands, then you can use a foam block. At the next stage, it is he who goes into action. With the help of the building level, you can determine the highest angle in the building, it is from this place that the construction of walls begins. The foam block is located on the edge, and thin seams are made between the products. This reduces heat loss.

The first row is laid on a mortar of sand and cement. All subsequent work will depend on the evenness of the first row. Many people are interested in how to build a bath with their own hands. If you are one of them, you can try to simplify the work by pulling a cord between the corners. When mounting the second and subsequent rows, special glue should be used. It is sold as a dry mix. The composition is diluted with water at the construction site. This will only take 10 minutes. If you want to build a bathhouse in the country with your own hands, you can use this technique to reduce the consumption of the mixture.

For structural strength, every third row must be reinforced with metal mesh reinforcement. When using glue, do not wait until it hardens. The composition is applied around the perimeter of the block, and then the product is placed in its place. Leveling should be done with a rubber-faced hammer.

Roof construction

bath roof

If you decide to build a bath of foam blocks with your own hands, thenat the next stage, you can begin the construction of the roof. It is better to make it double. This design is the most popular, because it eliminates the formation of snowdrifts on the surface. First you need to install the truss system, for this a Mauerlat is attached to the wall.

Next, roof trusses are installed. They are located at different ends of the roof. And they are well fixed with the help of special struts. If you want to build a bath in the country with your own hands, then at the level of the ridge between the extreme rafters, you should pull the cord, with which you can determine the location of the rest of the farms. If a shed roof is being installed, its angle of inclination is more gentle.

Before you build a bath with your own hands, it is recommended to consider the photo. They help to understand how the building will look like in the end. But you can learn about the technology from the article. It provides for fastening the frame to the Mauerlat with metal corners and copper wire. Rafters are carried out outside the building box. The distance should be approximately 0.5 m. This will protect the external walls from negative influences. Holes are made in the ceiling for ventilation. From the outside, the structure is covered with corrugated board, while the front can be sheathed with roofing felt.

Construction of a frame bath

frame bath

If you decide to build a bath with your own hands, the photo should definitely be studied. Illustrations help many home craftsmen understand how to avoid mistakes. For example, considering the initial stage of building a framebuildings, you will be able to understand that the task of erecting a building can be quite simple. If the building is also well insulated from moisture and insulated, then you can get a good steam room, which will not yield in any of the parameters to brick buildings or massive structures made of logs.

How to build a bath with your own hands, step-by-step instructions will make you understand. You can learn from it that frame baths are easier to build than timber or brick ones for the reason that they do not require a serious foundation and expensive materials. Such a building has the advantage of lightness. The building does not shrink, which cannot be avoided with chopped buildings. The minus is expressed in humidity during precipitation. Water is able to penetrate and accumulate in the frame. This issue can be resolved in advance.

Establishing the foundation

Before you build a frame bath with your own hands, you will need to build a foundation. The simplest solution would be a wooden structure with stakes on the sides. This construction technology is especially good for capricious clay soils that suffer from excess moisture, but retain seasonal mobility.

If you don't know how to build a cheap beautiful bath with your own hands, you should choose a frame structure that is budget. If groundwater is highly located on the territory, then a columnar foundation can be erected for such a building. It is excellent for heterogeneous and uneven soil. For the construction of such a foundation, you will not need equipment or an entire construction team.

You will needarm yourself with a drill, plastic pipes, and also close the cement mortar. If you want to build an inexpensive bath in the country with your own hands, then first you need to level the site. Places should be marked for future pillars. Holes are drilled at these points, in the lower part of which it is necessary to lay a layer of waterproofing. Concrete is poured into the space, the pipe is gently lifted.

At around 30 cm, it is fixed and left until the concrete hardens. It is also necessary to carry out reinforcement. As soon as the base hardens, the pipe must be filled with concrete to the end. The next step is to form a grillage. This is done with a strong bar. For a frame bath, this approach is not only simple, but also economical.

Expert advice

If you are wondering how to inexpensively build a bath with your own hands, you should evaluate what material will be easier to work with. It may involve the construction of a foundation of blocks. It gets pretty strong. It is allowed to build it only on the ground where the freezing line is no more than 1 m.

Pile-screw foundation

pile screw foundation

This type of base is suitable for a solid frame bath. The depth of freezing of the soil should be quite low. The technology is simple, and in the process you can get by with a labor force of 4 people. First you need to mark the places for the piles. Holes of the required depth are drilled in the ground. When installing the supports, you will need to screw them into the ground. Now you can start assembling and fixingstrapping.

Strip base

strip foundation

For reliable soil, a strip foundation is suitable. If the soil is heaving, then it is better to prefer just such a design. At the chosen place, planning is carried out, a trench is being dug along it. Its width and depth should be 40 and 50 cm. The trench is filled with sand to the ground level. This layer is compacted and watered to shrink.

Next, you can proceed to the installation of formwork. Its height and width will be 50 and 40 cm, respectively. The base in the formwork is reinforced with metal pipes. This will provide strength. Concrete is poured in one go or in layers, but the previous layer should not be allowed to dry. Roofing material is laid on top, this will provide waterproofing of the frame walls.

Laying and thermal insulation of floors

mineral wool

If you are thinking about how to inexpensively build a bath with your own hands, then you can choose a frame structure. Its device when laying floors involves their thermal insulation. Bars with a square section are nailed to the bottom of the log. Their side should be 5 cm. Subfloor boards are laid on top, and then roofing material.

The structure is insulated with mineral wool. You can use polystyrene foam. Under the boards of the finishing floor, glassine is laid for vapor barrier. In this case, we are talking about a steam room, a rest room and a dressing room. But when you lay the floors in the washing room, you need to act differently. A separate foundation should be made around the entire perimeter. ForThis removes a layer of soil by 0.5 m. Gravel and sand are poured into the pit. If liquid enters such a drainage well, it seeps into the ground, so there is no need to make a pit.

Asbestos-cement pipes can be used as a log. Their diameter is 10 cm. These elements are laid on the foundation. Next, the concrete is poured. In the washing room, it is necessary to lay a round board, the distance between the elements should be about 7 mm. After all this, the floor is pressed with skirting boards.

Building walls

If you want to build a bath with your own hands, you must first study the instructions. After reviewing it, you can understand that at the next stage you can start building walls. Wood for them must be well dried. Any breed can be chosen, except for birch. For exterior cladding, larch or pine is best, while aspen is the most appropriate choice for interior.

Outside boards after completion of construction are covered with an antiseptic, inside the lining must be sanded and covered with two layers of furniture varnish. It is better to use special impregnation in all rooms, except for a steam room or a washing room. If you want to build a cheap bathhouse with your own hands, then first you need to make the lower harness from a strong beam. Its cross section should be 10 x 10 cm.

In the corners, the elements are connected in a quarter and fixed with nails. In order to exclude the displacement of the corner posts and the lower trim, they are installed on steel pins that are embedded in concrete. For the top harnessexactly the same beam is used. In order to make the frame rigid, it is desirable to put 8 braces in the corners.

If you are faced with the question of how to build a beautiful bath with your own hands, then you need to install intermediate racks of bars along the walls. The cross section should remain the same as mentioned above. Now you can start installing the floor lag. Paired boards are suitable as them. Their cross section should be 15 x 5 cm. Masonry can be carried out on the waterproofing of the foundation.

In some cases, a more convenient approach would be to build and fasten stud walls on the ground. After that they are raised. There will be no need to work with your hands, raising them above your head. Walls can be built at the same time.

Construction of the truss system

rafter system

Rafters and floor beams are best constructed from boards with a cross section of 5 x 15 cm. The elements are installed on the edge and fixed to each other. The distance between the rafters should be 12 cm. In a vertical position, they are fixed with scarves, while they are connected from above with a ridge beam of the same section. Beams extend outwards by 40 cm.

The crate itself can be made from a board 25 cm thick. Its installation is carried out from the ridge. Metal plates are used to fasten roof trusses to the ground. It is better to assemble this part of the roof on the ground, and then install it in finished form. This is especially true when it comes to a frame bath. As a roofing material, it is better to use softtiles. The roof is insulated from the outside if it does not provide for an attic.

Bath project 4 x 6 m

bath project

Many home craftsmen quite often wonder how to build a 4x6 m bath with their own hands. The first step is to create a project. You can use what is offered in the article. The design may include the presence of several rooms. One of them is a couple. The dimensions of this room are 2.1 x 2.4 m. The bathroom can have a size of 1.7 x 2.4 m. The rest room provides for a vestibule. Its dimensions are 3.4 x 4 m.

Bath from a bar 3 x 4 m: project

Even in a modest area of ​​3 x 4 m, you can arrange the necessary premises. Plus, they are quite comfortable. The rest room can have dimensions of 2 x 3 m. It will also serve as a dressing room, as well as a dressing room. In the washroom, you can also install a toilet. The dimensions of this room will be 1 x 2 m. But the steam room will be square, its dimensions will be 2 x 2 m.

For ease of use, the project provides for the installation of windows in the rest room and in the washing room. For the first of the mentioned premises, a square window with a side of 70 cm is suitable. The presence of windows allows you to save on ventilation. Natural air exchange for a room of such modest size is enough. A window can also be made in the steam room. For this, a square-shaped double-glazed window with a side of 50 cm is suitable. This will eliminate the cost of electricity when you are in the bathhouse during daylight hours.

For building walls betteruse profiled or glued material. Products with a section of 15 x 15 or 10 x 15 cm are suitable for external walls. If you want to build a bath with your own hands, projects should definitely be considered. Internal partitions can include the use of a 10 x 15 cm timber. This profile ensures durability, thermal insulation properties and strength.

Moisture will not penetrate between the crowns, which will favorably affect the life of the building and the comfort of its use. If you have enough funds, then the design can be supplemented with an attic floor. Additional space will allow you to equip a recreation room, bedroom or billiard room.

If you are faced with the task of building a bath with your own hands, the project must be chosen. It may involve the construction of a columnar foundation, which is cheaper. If the characteristics of the soil on the site do not allow the use of pillars, then a strip base can be used. Sometimes builders use other options for supporting structures, such as a pile foundation or a monolithic slab. Floor construction is usually represented by a double system. This allows you to solve the issue of thermal insulation, which guarantees a comfortable visit and rational consumption of energy resources.

Construction of a 3 x 4 m sauna

To install a strip foundation around the perimeter of a future building, it is necessary to dig a pit and install formwork. The depth of the foundation must exceed the line of seasonal freezing of the soil. A reinforcing cage is installed in the interior space, which is pouredconcrete.

Inside the perimeter of the foundation, sheathing should be made of sand or crushed stone. The columnar foundation can be made of bricks. To do this, pillars are installed in the corners and along the perimeter, as well as in the places of the planned load-bearing walls. A concrete reinforced pillow is laid under them. The distance between the supports should be 0.5 m.

Building a log house from timber

If you want to build a bath from a 3x4 timber with your own hands, then at the next stage you can proceed to the device of the first crown. Prior to this, roofing material waterproofing is laid on the foundation using bituminous mastic. The surface of the first crown should be perfectly flat.

To prevent dampness and decay of the lower rims, the laying of the strapping rim must begin with the layout of wooden antiseptic slats. Their thickness should be 15 mm. Between these elements, the space is filled with insulation or mounting foam.

Beam connection

If you want to learn how to build a beautiful bath with your own hands, then it is better to use timber for this. The most convenient way to fasten wall elements to each other is wooden dowels or metal pins. The first crowns are fastened together with wooden dowels. They are driven into pre-drilled holes. The distance between the holes should be 1 m.

The upper beam is temporarily removed, and dowels are driven into the holes. Then you can lay a layer of insulation. The top bar is then laid in place. The two upper crowns do not need to be fixed, since at the last stage they must bewill be removed for installation of ceiling beams.

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