Climbing roses - garden decoration

Climbing roses - garden decoration
Climbing roses - garden decoration

Climbing roses are becoming more and more popular, with dozens of different varieties. Before planting this beautifully flowering plant, you need to learn in detail about its agricultural technology.

These roses are bred by crossing roses of many-flowered and climbing forms of various garden groups. The shrub is used to decorate arches, walls, pergolas, arbors, to create weeping standard forms. Climbing roses are best grown in areas where the climate is relatively mild and there is no need to cover them for the winter. In the northern latitudes, they will freeze every winter, so they should be carefully covered in the fall. In more severe climatic conditions, it is difficult to cultivate them on a large scale, since in winter their annual shoots freeze to the ground.

climbing roses

This type of roses is divided into several groups. The first group is called "real climbing roses." It includes plants with flexible, long creeping shoots that need strong support. The ancestor of these plants are multi-flowered roses, which are considered to be home to China, Japan, Korea. These roses are distinguished by the rapid growth of shoots, which can grow up to 3-4 m in length during the season. They have flowerssimple, terry and densely double, 2-5 cm in diameter. They are collected in large inflorescences and come in different colors. The flowers have a faint fragrance. Plants survive wintering best under light cover.

Large-flowered roses were bred by crossing climbing roses with floribunda and hybrid tea. They have stiff shoots that grow up to 3 m. These roses bloom with large flowers with a diameter of up to 10 cm, collected in small inflorescences.

Climbing roses of Kordes were bred by crossing rugosa and Vihura roses with different varieties of different garden groups. Their shoots grow up to 2 m in length. The flowers are very large, double and non-double, with and without a smell, collected from small inflorescences. These roses are winter-hardy, bloom until the first frost, resistant to disease.

climbing roses care

Climings were obtained as a result of mutations in the buds of bush forms (hybrid tea, tea, polyanthus, hailflora, floribunda, miniature).

Climbing roses, whose care consists of proper planting, pruning, watering and fertilization, should not be planted close to each other, since in winter they need to be laid on the ground and warmed. These shrubs do not like stagnant water, prefer fertile loamy soils. The best fertilizer for climbing roses is rotted cow dung.

Pits 50x50 cm in size are being prepared for planting. Fertile soil, a bucket of humus, a bucket of sand and 3 tbsp are mixed. spoons of superphosphate. Everything is thoroughly mixed, forming a small hill at the bottom of the pit. It is best to plant seedlings in early spring, whilethe buds didn't open. The stems of seedlings are cut to 30 cm (5-6 buds) and long roots are cut. Seedlings are disinfected in a weak solution of copper sulfate, and the roots are dipped in liquid clay. The seedling is placed on a hill, the roots are evenly distributed and covered with prepared soil with humus, the soil is compacted and watered abundantly.

climbing roses care

In summer, the bushes are watered, regularly fed, the soil is loosened and weeded. In September, pruning of unripened weak branches is carried out, in October-November they spud the ground, and the shoots are removed from the support and placed on the ground. At the first sign of a cold snap, the shoots are covered with spruce branches of pine or spruce and covered with roofing material. Fallen snow is piled up on the shelter.

Climbing roses, properly cared for, usually overwinter normally under good cover. After the snow has melted, the shelter is removed in the late afternoon (to prevent sunburn). For several days, the shoots need to be shaded. After they get stronger, they are tied to supports. The frozen tips of the branches are cut to a living bud.

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