The best varieties of sweet peppers with photos and descriptions

The best varieties of sweet peppers with photos and descriptions
The best varieties of sweet peppers with photos and descriptions
Anonim

Sweet pepper is one of the most delicious and he althy vegetables. It is consumed fresh, canned, added to various hot dishes, dried and frozen. In addition, pepper is quite unpretentious in care and is well stored when assembled. Even experienced gardeners sometimes find it difficult to choose the best varieties of sweet peppers, because today there are simply an unimaginable number of them. In this article, we will try to figure out among the variety of varieties of this vegetable and share the rating of the best.

Hybrid or variety?

Before choosing the best variety of sweet pepper, it is important to study the differences between hybrids and varieties.

A variety is the result of a long-term work of breeders who select the best qualities of a particular vegetable. All genes of varietal pepper are exactly the same among themselves. The variety is selected and adapted to certain climatic conditions. Even after pollination, varietal peppers will produce identical seeds. Getting seeds from the bush is the main advantage of varietal vegetables. For this procedure, the strongest and he althiest fruits are selected, from which seeds are collected.the best grade of sweet pepper.

Hybrid - the result of crossing, obtained by combining a certain combination of parental vegetables. A particular advantage of hybrid vegetables lies in artificially bred resistance to many diseases, increased yields and overall plant vigor. However, hybrid vegetables are not suitable for collecting seeds, since the collected material will be similar to the parents, which do not have all the valuable properties.

Apricot favorite

Apricot Favorite

This variety belongs to early ripening peppers. Its vegetation period is no more than 110 days from the date of planting. Due to its resistance to adverse climatic conditions, Apricot Favoritka is one of the best varieties of sweet pepper for the Moscow region. The variety is distinguished by a compact bush, the height of which does not exceed half a meter. Suitable for both outdoor and greenhouse cultivation. Ripe fruits have a cone-shaped shape, glossy skin and a bright orange color, similar to the color of an apricot. The mass of the vegetable varies from 130 to 170 grams. Among the main advantages of the variety are high yield (at least 20 fruits per bush), versatility of use and excellent taste.

Agapovsky

Mid-ripening variety of sweet pepper, the best characteristics of which are: high yield, resistance to many diseases and excellent preservation of the presentation. The growing season of Agapovsky sweet pepper is 120-130 days. Semi-determinate bush reaches a height of 90centimeters. The ripe fruit has a prismatic shape, glossy skin and prominent waves on the surface. The wall thickness often reaches 9-10 millimeters. The mass of one vegetable is approximately 125-130 grams, and at least 9.5 kilograms of crop can be harvested from one square meter. Juicy and fleshy, the peppers start out a juicy green color, which turns to a bright red as the fruit ripens. Despite a number of advantages, this variety has its drawbacks, consisting in the urgent need for regular watering and long-term lighting. That is why it cannot be attributed to the best varieties of sweet pepper for the middle zone, where the climate is less favorable and less likely to please sunny days.

Atlant

Quite popular and in demand among many gardeners is a good variety of sweet pepper for greenhouses and open ground. However, Atlant does not have a high yield - no more than 5 kilograms per square meter. The semi-stem culture has an early ripening period, and therefore you can harvest the first crop already 130 days after sowing the seeds. The best grade of sweet pepper has fruits with excellent marketable qualities, which are stored for a long time. Cone-shaped peppers reach a length of 25-26 centimeters and have juicy pulp, at least 6 millimeters thick. This variety is characterized by unpretentiousness and ease of care, as well as resistance to tobacco mosaic.

Bogatyr

Variety "Bogatyr"

The fruits of this variety of sweet pepper are truly heroic in size. The best specimens reach a weight of 250gram. Mid-season sweet pepper yields 140 days after planting. Bogatyr is the best variety of sweet pepper for open ground, but it also feels great in the greenhouse. The bush has an average height and rather dense foliage. The color of the fruit changes gradually from green to bright red. The aromatic pulp reaches a thickness of 5 to 7 millimeters. The main virtues of the Bogatyr:

  • high yield - from 5 to 7 kilograms per square meter;
  • colossal content of vitamin C and routine;
  • hardiness to cold snap;
  • universality of use;
  • long-term storage.

Of the shortcomings, only the exactingness of enhanced lighting and high soil moisture can be noted.

He alth

One of the best varieties of sweet pepper for the greenhouse. The culture belongs to early ripening - the first crop ripens already 80-85 days after sowing. The height of the bush varies from 150 to 180 centimeters, while it is quite sprawling and dense. The fruits of this variety do not differ in large size, rather, on the contrary. Ripe vegetables weigh no more than 40 grams, and their wall thickness does not exceed 4 millimeters. However, the ripening process occurs in unison, which makes it possible to classify this variety of sweet pepper as one of the best. Ripe fruits are prism-shaped and bright red in color. The advantages of the variety are the high content of vitamins, the ability to preserve as a whole and a fairly high yield - about 6 kilograms per square meter of land. In addition, the variety is resistant to vertexrot, friendly ripening of fruits, as well as the absolute absence of requirements for special climatic conditions.

California miracle

California miracle

California miracle can be safely attributed to the best varieties of sweet pepper for the Urals. And all because it is completely unpretentious and grows well even in adverse conditions. Despite its thinness, this pepper perfectly takes root in open ground, even in Siberia. In general, the variety is early (the crop is harvested 100-115 days after planting), the bush is determinate, and the fruits reach a weight of 80 to 130 grams. Peppers are used both fresh and canned. The advantage of this pepper is the ability to collect seeds with almost 100% germination. According to the reviews of gardeners who have already tried this variety, at the stage of emergence of the first shoots, pepper requires high soil moisture. With proper care, at least 9 seeds out of 10 planted take root. Also, a high yield of this variety was noted, which allows planting a small number of bushes.

Cow's ear

ox ear

The ox-ear pepper variety is classified as mid-early, since it ripens already 75-80 days after planting. This variety, as well as its hybrids, are suitable for growing in any conditions, whether it be a greenhouse or open ground. The best varieties of sweet pepper are characterized by low bushes, reaching a height of about 60 centimeters. Juicy fruits weighing from 120 to 150 grams are perfectly stored and transported. The main length of mature peppers reaches 12centimeters, if you believe the good reviews about the sweet pepper variety, then the first fruits grow up to forty centimeters in length, and the subsequent ones begin to shrink.

Gemini F1

Variety "Gemini"

Gemini sweet pepper hybrid came to us from Holland. The seeds of this pepper are suitable for growing exclusively in open ground. The small height of the bushes (about 60 centimeters) allows the use of film shelter in the growing process. The hybrid belongs to early ripening, since the first harvest can be obtained as early as 72 days after planting. Large fruits have a cuboid and slightly elongated shape, as well as 4 seed chambers. The color of the fruit changes as it ripens from dark green to sunny yellow. The advantages of the Gemini hybrid are increased resistance to drought, sunburn and numerous diseases. The easy harvesting process is also pleasant, as the fruits grow on an elongated stalk. In addition, the fruits are consumed at various stages of maturity - both green and yellow. And on each of them pepper has a different taste. The sweetest, of course, are yellow ripe specimens.

Claudio F1

Variety Claudio

Another Dutch hybrid, distinguished by its versatility in terms of selecting a landing site. It is permissible to grow it in glass and polycarbonate greenhouses, in open ground and even film greenhouses. Early ripe Claudio peppers ripen in 70-75 days after sowing in the greenhouse. Cuboid-elongated fruits have a greencolor that gradually turns into a rich red. Fragrant and very tasty peppers reach a mass of 200-210 grams. Subject to comfortable climatic conditions, consisting in a sufficient amount of lighting and heat, the wall thickness of mature pepper reaches 10 or even 14 millimeters. If the weather turned out to be rainy and cloudy, do not let the extended ripening period scare you. To speed up the redness of the fruit in August, you can cover the bushes with a film. Seed germination is 100%, even without pre-soaking and other preparation.

Best late-ripening varieties

Variety "Bell"

When growing such peppers, you should take into account the climatic conditions of your region. Residents of the southern regions can grow late varieties in open ground, while in the rest, peppers simply do not have time to ripen before the cold snap. So, the best varieties of sweet peppers with late ripening are:

  • Gladiator. A Dutch variety with pyramidal fruits. Ripe peppers have a rich yellow color and weigh about 350 grams.
  • Black Cardinal is an Italian variety with juicy flesh. At full maturity, the fruits are almost black in color.
  • Bell. A rather original variety, the name of which is due to the shape of the fruit. The piquant taste of the fruit has a slight sourness. This variety is considered perennial, but for the winter it is desirable to transfer it to a warm room. The ripening period of peppers exceeds 140 days. At least 2 kilograms of crops are harvested from one bush.

Popular varieties with mediummaturity date

Gift from Moldova
  • Tenderness. An excellent variety for growing indoors. Conical fruits are small in size and weight - no more than 50 grams. The variety is standard and does not require a garter.
  • New gosh balls. Standard plant, reaching a height of no more than half a meter. Thick-walled fruits have a weight of about 130 grams. A distinctive feature of this variety is a long period of fruiting - about one and a half months from the moment of ripening of the first fruits. The variety is very transportable and is subject to long-term storage.
  • Gift of Moldova - the most popular variety of sweet pepper among experienced gardeners. It is especially valued for its unpretentiousness and ease of care, as well as resistance to many diseases and the effects of harmful insects. The oblong fruits grow 7-9 centimeters in length and reach a weight of about 60-70 grams. Great for canning.

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