Can you imagine your life without household electrical appliances, our true friends and helpers? Probably not. Just a couple of decades have passed, and humanity has become so accustomed to them. And no wonder, because they simplify our lives, allow us to deal with ourselves or our family, and not with household chores. In return, people are obliged to carefully and carefully treat such helpers. Everyone should know the rules for the safe use of electrical appliances. Adults should teach their children basic safety precautions, and in schools, the knowledge gained is reinforced with the children by teachers. Further in the article, we will consider the basic rules for using household electrical appliances.
Careful with the outlet
For a sane adult, it is clear why you should not put foreign objects into the outlet. But not just for a child. All children are very curious andif the mother says the standard “no”, this is not enough for the baby, he still does not understand the meaning of this word. Therefore, it is necessary to explain what the consequences may be, but it is better to minimize the possible contact of the child with the outlet, for example, insert special plugs.
The socket is designed to connect electrical appliances to the mains, not for children's fingers. Not only is it dangerous to put them in the outlet, but also other foreign objects. All metal things are of particular danger in this regard: nails, knitting needles, wire, hairpins and screwdrivers. These items are excellent conductors of electricity, therefore, putting something like this into the outlet, the child will instantly receive an electric shock. The task of parents is to warn their kids that they should never do this under any pretext, and explain why. Here is an elementary rule for using electrical appliances that all family members should know.
Do not touch bare wires
Let's talk about one more rule. Electrical current flows through the wires, so they should be secured in the first place. Each of them that is connected to the network must have an insulating coating that resembles a plastic, fabric or rubber tube - an insulator. It is impossible to get an electric shock through it. But there are times when the wire sheath is damaged. Bare, it should never be taken by hand. Parents and teachers are required to announce the rules for using electrical appliances for children, so that when walking on the street after school and seeing a bare wire, the child immediatelyreported it to an adult.
Wet hands and electrical appliances
Water is an excellent conductor of electricity. Just like metal, it can connect its source and the human body, creating an invisible bridge through which the current strikes people. Therefore, remember that when you touch an electrical appliance connected to the mains with wet hands, you risk getting a severe electric shock. Use the rule that your hands must be completely dry before any contact with electrical appliances.
Also, do not carry out wet cleaning on devices that are turned on. The main rule for the safe use of household electrical appliances involves careful and careful handling of them. But this does not mean that you need to wash them with a damp cloth when turned on. Naturally, it is worth regularly monitoring the cleanliness of the devices. But first you need to first disconnect them from the network, and then proceed to wet cleaning.
Water and electrical appliances
Liquid is a conductor of electric current, which means that when in contact with any turned on device, you can not touch the water at the same time. Here is a standard situation: you are standing, washing the dishes, and at that time a pot of water boiled on the electric stove, what will you do? Be sure to quickly turn off the stove and continue washing without wiping your hands. Forgetting all the rules for using electrical appliances, you risk getting an electric shock. Never use them simultaneously with your hand lowered into the water.Also, while lying in the bathroom, in no case touch anything that can be plugged into the network (sockets, wires or devices).
Don't leave electrical appliances on
The golden rule taught from childhood is to turn off all equipment when leaving the house. In Soviet times, reminder signs were practiced, which hung on the door, they said: "When leaving, turn off the electrical appliances!" Any devices left unattended can cause a fire or fire. Therefore, be sure to check if the TV, iron, light, stove or other is turned off. Never go to bed with an electric heater or other electrical appliances on.
Rules for the use of electrical appliances in the home
People use a huge number of home devices every day, but they forget the basic rules for their use, which we will discuss below:
- Do not plug more than three appliances into one adapter and outlet.
- When blow-drying, do not touch wet hair.
- Do not cover light bulbs with flammable materials (paper, cloth, oilcloth, etc.).
- Do not leave the charger plugged in.
- Do not pull the cord by the cord, carefully remove it from the socket by holding the plug.
- Don't leave children to sleep alone in a room with a light on.
- Before repairing an electrical appliance, unplug it.
- Don't leave devices turned on and your child in the same room unattended.
- Do not load the electrical network, otherwise a short circuit may occur.
The rules for using electrical appliances are based on user feedback and experience. Frequent cases of fires, fires and short circuits occur due to the negligence of people.
Almost every person is sure that the devices in his house are in perfect working order and they are not in danger of catching fire. But alas, the statistics of fires say otherwise. In any case, every person must know how to behave in case of equipment fire.
If you forgot the rules for using electrical appliances and there was a short circuit in the network, then use the following recommendations for behavior in such situations:
- Never rush to extinguish a fire with water while the appliance is plugged in. First remove the plug from the socket, then proceed. If there is no water nearby, you can cover the device with a blanket or cover it with sand, earth.
- If you see that you cannot cope with a fire, then immediately leave the premises and call 101.
- If you cannot leave the premises and there is no way to make a phone call, then look out the window to attract the attention of passers-by. Reach out to people for help.
Remember that the implementation of elementary fire safety rules is, first of all, your well-being, the ability to save your life and the lives of loved ones. Putting out a fire is much more difficult thanprevent its occurrence.