Autumn flowers: types, names, photos, description

Autumn flowers: types, names, photos, description
Autumn flowers: types, names, photos, description
Anonim

Autumn is a bright time of the year, which can still please with beautiful flowers, despite the approach of cold weather. Amateur gardeners and professionals decorate their plots with a variety of crops that bloom at different times. Autumn flowers are no less beautiful than summer ones. They are still able to give an abundance of colors. Many crops start flowering in August and continue into the fall, depending on the growing region.

Asters

The real queen of autumn colors (photo is given in the article) is the aster. Culture strikes with beauty and diversity. Currently, you can see a variety of colors of flowers: blue, white, red, purple, pink. Usually asters are planted in large numbers, getting whole multi-colored flower beds. Flower growers love the plant for its unpretentiousness. The main care is timely watering. The plant blooms profusely on fertile soils, so you should regularly apply mineral fertilizers.

beautiful asters

Asters are bright annual autumn flowers. Perennial forms are extremely rare. Depending on the variety chosen, you can get flowering from late August until late autumn. To decorate your backyard, you can choose plants of different heights, creating beautiful compositions. The following species are distinguished by height: undersized - up to 80 centimeters, dwarf - no more than 45 centimeters, and tall - up to 1.5 meters. Asters can be free-standing flowers or have the form of a bush. The plant has erect flower stalks, oblong, toothed leaves and a fibrous root system. Most flower growers prefer double flowers because they look more colorful and vibrant.

From the most popular varieties it is worth highlighting: Camelot, Bullfighting, Shanghai Rose, Don Juan, Lady Coral White, Old Castle and others. Astra is one of the most popular autumn flowers, which is present in every flower bed. Unpretentious plants delight not only with long flowering in the open field, but are also actively used to make bouquets.

Dahlias

Dahlias are autumn flowers that can decorate any garden. There are about 20 thousand of their varieties. Flowers differ in the structure and shape of the inflorescences, their size, and the height of the bushes. Needle and collar, anemone and peony, spherical and nymph species are equally popular among flower growers.

Autumn garden flowers are not too capricious, but they are very thermophilic, since their homeland is Guatemala and Mexico. At the slightest frost, the plant may die. But in warmSeptember rays of dahlias feel great and delight flower growers. The plant belongs to perennial species. But at the same time, its tubers are planted annually in open ground in the spring with the advent of sustainable heat. In late autumn, they are removed from the ground, dried and cleaned, after which they are stored throughout the winter in a dark basement. Leaving tubers in the ground is not recommended even in the southern regions. They can't stand frost.

Dahlias in the flowerbed

The duration of the existence of each tuber reaches five years. But at the same time, each bush produces many new, young rhizomes every year, which can be planted next year as an independent plant. In terms of reproduction with dahlias, there are no problems. For several years, a sufficient number of bushes can be planted on the site. Such autumn flowers in the garden are hard to miss. Firstly, the flowers are large and bright, and secondly, the plants themselves are very tall. Even the smallest forms reach 30 centimeters. And tall forms can grow up to 250 centimeters.

Usually there are many inflorescences on the bushes, each in diameter can be from 3 to 30 centimeters, depending on the variety. Modern breeders have created stunningly beautiful species with spherical flowers. The most popular varieties include: Gamelan, Mambo, Polka, New Millennium, Eternal Flame, Danko, Opera, Aurora Volley, Granato, Sandra, La Bayadère and many others.

Chrysanthemums

What autumn flowers can be called a symbol of this season? Probably, for many, autumn is associated with chrysanthemums. It is these flowersdelight us with their beauty until the frost. The plant is native to Japan. Perennial culture is a shrub with straight woody stems. The main feature of autumn flowers (the photo is presented in the article) is in their unique aroma. Even the greenery of the plant has a specific, but very pleasant smell.

Depending on the variety, bushes can reach a height of 50 to 155 centimeters. Among the variety of species, there are plants that in our climate can be grown on the plots, but there are forms intended only for greenhouses. Gardeners appreciate the culture for ease of care and reproduction. Plants delight the owners with flowering for a long time, it is especially pleasant that this period falls at a time when the choice of flowers is no longer so great.

bright chrysanthemums

Currently, the number of varieties of chrysanthemums reaches 160 species. Among them there are short and tall varieties. Also, varieties differ in color and size of inflorescences. Beautiful autumn flowers have always been valued for their decorative effect. It is for this reason that breeders have been working, resulting in an incredible number of colors.

The most popular varieties include: Aurora, Alyonushka, Snow Elf, Evening Lights, Orange Sunset, Snow White and others.

Rudbeckia

The first autumn flowers can begin to bloom long before the beginning of September, depending on climatic conditions. Among them, I would like to highlight rudbeckia. It begins to bloom in July and continues to delight with bright colors until the frost.An unpretentious plant native to North America. The culture is represented by perennial and annual varieties. It got its name in honor of the Swedish botanist Olof Rudbek. The plant was brought to the European continent by settlers. Culture very quickly won the love of flower growers. The plant began to be grown almost everywhere. It is planted not only in a single form, but also in group plantings.

blooming rudbeckia

Tall varieties are good for hedges. Rudbeckia inflorescences look like chamomile. The colors are dominated by reds, yellows and oranges. One of the most popular varieties is called the Golden Ball. The inflorescence of the plant can be from 9 to 17 centimeters in size. The bushes themselves reach a height of 50-150 centimeters. The plant actively propagates by seeds, and they can not be sown, they themselves get enough sleep after ripening. In the future, young plants appear very quickly and develop intensively.

Autumn flowers such as rudbeckia and chrysanthemums should always be in the garden. Unpretentious plants will decorate any garden plot with minimal care.

Zinnia

Such autumn flowers in the garden (the photo is given in the article), like zinnias, please with their flowering for a very long period: from summer to late autumn. An unpretentious plant can be planted in flower beds and along paths, combining with other crops. Bright, saturated colors against the background of general wilting cheer up, for which autumn flowers are valued. The name of the plant will seem to manycompletely unfamiliar. But it is worth remembering that summer residents usually call culture majors. This flower is familiar to each of us since childhood. Majors have tall and short forms. On average, plant height ranges from 30 to 100 centimeters. They have stiff and slightly pubescent stems. Inflorescences can be of different sizes depending on the variety. Sometimes their diameter reaches 15 centimeters. Zinnias can be single, double or semi-double. There are all kinds of colors, except blue and blue. Petals can be red, burgundy, lilac, purple, yellow and other colors.

zinnia flowers

The most famous varieties of majors: Violet, Crimson Monarch, Polar Bior, Rose, Envy, Tango, Sharlach, Cherry Queen.

Tagetes

The list of autumn flowers, the name and photo of which we have given in the article, must include cute marigolds. Annual and perennial plants of the aster family came to us from Central and South America. There are dwarf, tall and medium-sized forms. Depending on the variety, the plants can reach a height of 20-120 centimeters. The stems of the culture are strong, and the root system is highly developed. In different countries, the culture is known under different names, the scientific name is tagetes. In Russia, the plant is usually called marigolds. This plant got its name due to its beautiful flowers, reminiscent of velvet. Gardeners most often call the culture Chernobrivtsy.

There are many forms of marigolds: simple, semi-double, anemone, double, chrysanthemum, carnation. in colorthere are red-brown, white, orange, yellow, lemon and other species. Marigolds can safely be called one of the most popular and beautiful autumn blooming flowers. It is these plants that are most often planted in city flower beds, which they decorate right up to the very frost. Culture in the southern regions even withstands the first frost. Bright marigolds, together with chrysanthemums, bloom the longest in home gardens. The crops are often sown with other fall flowers. Dwarf forms are good for borders along paths.

autumn marigolds

Tagetes has a bright specific smell that cannot be confused with anything. The solar plant in China is considered a symbol of longevity and he alth. It propagates by seeds, which are characterized by high germination. The culture does not require special care, and therefore is actively used by amateur flower growers.

Now gardeners have a lot to choose from, as a variety of varieties of autumn flowers can be purchased in stores. The names of all simply cannot be counted. There are more than 50 varieties of Tagetes alone. And there are even more varieties. In total, three groups of marigolds can be distinguished: American, Mexican and French.

Among the most popular varieties worth noting: Kilimanjaro, Glitters, Gold Dollar, Eskimo, Smile, Mandarin, Antigua, Dwarf, Bolero, Petite Orange, Gold Ball, Red Gem, Wrestler.

Goldenrod

Listing the most interesting and beautiful autumn flowers (names and photos are given during the article), it is worth rememberinggoldenrod. Some summer residents are very skeptical about this plant, not considering it a flower. It can often be seen in wastelands. However, there are different types of goldenrod. Garden forms have beautiful inflorescences that begin to bloom in late summer, when the flower beds are not so pleasing with colors.

Amateur gardeners plant crops along fences, decorating the area. The flower is completely unpretentious in care. The plant is able to withstand drought and excessive moisture, but at the same time loves the sun very much, so it should be planted only in open spaces.

Blooming goldenrod

Different varieties of goldenrod differ not only in the type of inflorescence, but also in the height of the shoots. Miniature forms in height reach only 30 centimeters, and the highest grow up to 2 meters. Different types of culture differ in flowering periods. Some bloom in mid-July, while others delight with their beauty until frost. Depending on what kind of plant you want to get, you should choose the variety you need according to the parameters. Among the most popular are: Goldtan, Goldjungle, Perkeo, Pillar.

Gelenium

Gelenium is a herbaceous perennial and annual plant. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that its roots die off in late autumn along with the shoots. The following year, the plant is restored from underground buds of annual roots. The birthplace of culture is Central and North America. More than 30 varieties are known to exist. Geleniums grow very densely, giving the impression of a bush. But in reality thissolitary plants that can reach a height of 160 centimeters. The flower of the gelenium has the shape of a basket. Inflorescences can be single and collected in a group.

Different varieties of plants have a bright color. Geleniums can be planted in separate flower beds or in group compositions. The plant is classified as unpretentious, but in hot periods it needs watering. For him, you need to choose a sunny place. But the culture also tolerates penumbra well.

Autumn gelenium has been used for landscaping sites since the seventeenth century. The main advantage of the culture is a very plentiful and late flowering. The most popular plant varieties are: Magnificum, Katarina, Gartenzonne, Superboom, Altgold, Goldfux, Di Blonde.

Phloxes

Practically on every personal plot you can find phloxes. With their unique flowering, they decorate flower beds from summer to autumn. The culture family has approximately 60 species. All of them are very different and differ in color and height. With their help, you can create almost any composition on your personal plot.

Phlox bushes grow from 60 to 100 centimeters in height. In many ways, the height of the peduncles is influenced by the degree of illumination of the area where the plant grows. In the shade, the bushes are stretched in height, and in the sun they grow more squat. In sunny areas, bright flower petals fade to almost white.

All varieties of plants can be divided into three types according to the timing of flowering. If you want to decorate your garden with autumn phlox, thenlate species must be chosen.

pink phlox

These include the Late Lilac variety, the plants of which begin to bloom in early September. Its inflorescences consist of lilac-pink flowers that delight the owners for up to 40 days. The culture is tall, its shoots grow up to 110 centimeters.

Also worth paying attention to Frau Antoine Buchner. Plants of this variety grow up to 120 centimeters in height. Their flowering begins in mid-August and lasts until frost. Flowers look stunningly beautiful not only in the flower beds, but also suitable for cutting.

Ground cover phlox look no less impressive. Culture is actively used in landscape design. It is good not only in single plantings, but also in group compositions. Flowering plants look very advantageous against the background of evergreen and coniferous crops.

Crocosmia

The beautiful bulbous herbaceous plant crocosmia, which belongs to the Kasatikovye family, should also be attributed to autumn flowers. The culture forms thickets of dense greenery with bright flowers that bloom in mid-August and continue to bloom until the end of September. In translation, the name of the plant means "aroma of saffron." Dried inflorescences have such a smell. The birthplace of culture is South Africa. Crocosmia flower arrangements are a wonderful decoration of the garden. And cut flowers can stand in the house for up to two weeks. Herbaceous perennial can reach a height of up to one meter. The root system of the plant is represented by corms, which very quicklygrow.

Unique crocosmia

Crocosmia flowers are collected in inflorescences located on a flexible stem. Petals can be yellow, red or orange. On the peduncle, the buds open gradually, starting from the base and ending with the edges.

In total, crocosmia is represented by 50 species. Also, breeders have bred several dozen hybrid forms.

Among them, it is worth highlighting the golden crocosmia, which was brought to Europe from South Africa in the middle of the nineteenth century.

Massonorum is a variety with excellent resistance to severe frosts. Plants produce small orange flowers. Crocosmia Potsa grows in the wild in the swampy regions of Africa. But it has perfectly taken root in our climate, however, it needs regular moisturizing.

Instead of afterword

In our article, we have given a description of the most interesting autumn flowers that can decorate any suburban area. All of them are intended for cultivation in open ground conditions. They are also good for cutting, so they can decorate your home in the fall. The most talented gardeners even make artificial flowers from autumn leaves and petals, dried specifically for such crafts, which will remind you of the wonderful warm season.

Popular topic