Before you buy an apartment in a high-rise, you need to decide on some important factors. It is worth not only studying the real estate market, but also paying special attention to the building material from which the house is being built. When choosing between a block and panel building, you need to know all the advantages and disadvantages of these buildings, and only then make an informed decision. So, what is the difference between a block house and a panel house?
What is the difference between block and panel houses?
Block and panel buildings are built of concrete (reinforced concrete slabs and blocks), so at first glance the difference is not very visible, it can only be felt during operation. Although in the project this difference is immediately noticeable. It is worth looking at the walls, in panel buildings they are a single solid monolithic structure, and block ones look like brickwork, only the size of the blocks is much larger than that of bricks. For block construction, foam blocks or gas blocks are used, that is, these are foamed concrete using various methods.Moreover, the structural characteristics of the blocks and the monolithic wall do not differ. On the contrary, in this case, the foam block even wins, if we take into account the construction of a reliable, durable structure made of artificial stone. What is the difference between a block house and a panel house? The type of building differs in the technological process of its construction. Panel houses are erected by means of machines and mechanisms, human labor is involved in this process to a minimum. Block buildings have better heat and noise insulation, are resistant to earthquakes, and panel buildings shrink the foundation into the ground much cheaper and faster, so apartment repairs in such a house will have to be done more often. After all, the mobility of the foundation, even insignificant, first of all, has a bad effect on the joints and monolithic seals, so cracks often form at the junction.
Considering the difference between a block and a panel house, let's dwell on the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.
Pros of a panel building
Slabs for the construction of a prefabricated house are manufactured at the factory by means of mechanized machines with the least amount of human effort. Therefore, the quality of the building material is very high, without errors. Also, these houses are being built as quickly as possible. The structure shrinks the base evenly, so repairs can be made after construction, but windows can be installed during the construction process and after completion. What is the difference between a block house and a panel house? The cost of panel apartments is 25-40% lower than that of block apartments. Howeverpanel structures have high strength and durability. The slab works in tension-compression, namely, reinforcement in tension and bending, and concrete in compression, that is, these characteristics do not allow these processes to be carried out. Considering the question: “What is the difference between a block house and a panel house, which is better?”, It is worth considering the disadvantages of buildings.
Cons of panel houses
The disadvantages include, firstly, low heat and noise insulation, because concrete has low insulating properties, and the joints between floors, which also serve as a source of noise penetration and heat loss, are poorly insulated. Frequent condensation leads to dampness, mold and heat loss. These are typical buildings, where each floor in the plan has the same layout, it cannot be changed, because it is forbidden to demolish the load-bearing walls and make openings in them. In these houses, all rooms have a small area, the house heats up quickly in summer and cools down quickly in winter, so in a panel apartment for a comfortable stay, you need to use climate control equipment all year round. Especially in corner apartments, there is a frequent appearance of mold and dampness. However, today, not one reinforced concrete slab is used for the construction of such houses, but two of their layers are used, and insulating material is laid between them.
Pros of block houses
Firstly, concrete blocks are equipped with many pores, which provide good insulation, and secondly, they have a low specific gravity, sothe construction of such a building is feasible for a person without loss of quality. In addition, block houses have a number of other advantages. These buildings have a stable temperature regime, they are less prone to fires, excellent insulation, and you can choose from a huge variety of facade finishes.
The only drawbacks that distinguish this design from the panel one are the slow construction speed and the number of storeys no more than three.
Which house is better to choose?
What is the difference between a block house and a panel house (see the review for a photo of the buildings), we examined. But which one to choose? If you rely on comfortable living, then you need to stop your choice on a block house, but if on a financial factor, then a panel house will cost an order of magnitude cheaper than a block house. The design of the block house allows you to make an individual redevelopment. In a panel house, the walls are characterized by a significant surface roughness, which makes repairs problematic. Therefore, often the walls and ceiling are sheathed with drywall, which allows you to achieve a perfectly flat surface, and also has heat and sound insulation properties, and additional insulation is placed between the wall and drywall. Bas alt wool is more often used because it is made from natural, environmentally friendly material and is not flammable.
To answer the question: “What is the difference between a block house and a panel house and which one is better?”, You need to individuallystudy each project, its technological features and standards. To date, panel construction of houses has been improved, there are various layouts, improved insulation and other useful construction trends, only poorly sealed seams at the joints remain a drawback. However, for a family with children, a block house remains the best option, because it does not require lengthy repairs and the installation of climate control equipment, which is not recommended for preschool children. In panel houses, the width of the panels is equal to the height of the ceiling, so they build a standard height. In block structures, it is possible to build a room of any height allowed according to GOST, because they are small in size and 7-10 rows of blocks are required to lay one standard wall.
What is the difference in the design of block houses and panel houses? What is the difference, by and large, from what the structure will be erected, if for the time being it is only drawn on paper? But she is. Most often, block technologies are used for the construction of private country houses according to an individual project of the customer, because here you can really show the strength of the architectural idea and emphasize the individuality of the customer. But panel buildings are being built within the city, the root cause is the possibility of building a multi-storey building. This is primarily due to the number of inhabitants and the speed of construction. In any case, it does not matter what type of building you have to settle in, it is worth remembering that all cracks and openings serve as a source of noise, heat loss andunwanted dampness and organic appearances. Particular attention should be paid to sealing joints, finishing window and door slopes.
So, we examined the difference between a block house and a panel house, the pros and cons of these buildings were also studied by us. Both buildings have a number of advantages and disadvantages, therefore, having studied them in detail, it is possible to provide coziness and comfortable living in any of them, the main thing, as they say: "You need to know the enemy by sight!" Panel houses are much cheaper, but climatic equipment, leveling and additional insulation (if necessary) of the walls and careful sealing of seams and joints will just block this percentage of savings. In block houses, there will be no such problems, but initially an apartment in such a house will be more expensive.