Today, there are dozens of different varieties of tomatoes. How to choose among them the most delicious, unpretentious care and long-term storage? In this article, we will introduce you to the description and characteristics of the De Barao tomato. The unique taste of fruits and unpretentiousness in care makes this variety quite popular among experienced gardeners. In our article you will find detailed information on growing this crop, starting with a description of the De Barao tomato variety, getting to know its species, the processes of preparing and planting seeds, and ending with the features of harvesting and storing the crop. So, let's start our acquaintance with the tomato.
Tomato De Barao is intended for growing in greenhouse conditions, but it also feels quite normal in open ground. Brazil is considered the birthplace of this variety, from where it came to Europe almost 20 years ago. High taste qualities and excellent presentation of the fruit, as well as an elastic skin that protects the pulp from damage during transportation, allow you to grow these tomatoes not only for yourself, but also for sale. According to De Barao tomato reviews from experiencedgardeners, this variety is ideal for conservation due to its small size and dense skin. The taste of ripe fruit is very pleasant and mild.
De Barao tomatoes have common characteristics that do not depend on the species. Distinctive features of this variety are:
- possibility of growing in a greenhouse and in the open field;
- medium-sized egg-shaped fruits;
- weight of ripe tomatoes from 60 to 120 grams;
- powerful and tall stem (up to 2-3 meters in height) gives several fruitful brushes containing 8-9 tomatoes;
- mass fruiting begins 4 months after sowing.
There are 8 varieties of tomatoes of this variety. In this section, we offer a closer look at each of them.
- De Barao orange. The color of ripe tomatoes is due to the high content of carotene. The height of the bush reaches almost three meters. Delicious orange-colored fruits are plum-shaped and weigh about 100 grams. This variety is suitable for growing in all conditions.
- Giant De Barao. One of the gardeners' favorite species of this variety is characterized by a tall and very powerful bush. Large red fruits have an elongated shape and reach a weight of 200 grams. In warm weather, it can prolong the period of flowering and ripening of the crop.
- De Barao pink. Greenhouse view, attracting attention with a delicate color of the fruit. It differs from other varieties in smaller fruits (about 70 grams) and a meager harvest - no more than 4kilogram from a bush. The advantage of pink De Barao is the ability to grow in lowlands and with high soil moisture.
- Royal De Barao. Tomato of this species has an incredibly delicate taste, and ripe fruits of pink-red color have a weight of about 130 grams. The height of the bush reaches 2.5 meters. A rather rare tomato variety, so finding its seeds for sale is quite difficult.
- De Barao black. A rare and very old variety, characterized by an interesting shade of fruits - maroon, almost black. The firm fruit of this tomato is great for canning.
- De Barao red. Tomatoes of this species are small in size and weigh no more than 90 grams. A distinctive feature is the rich color of tomatoes. The red tomato bush De Barao grows up to 2 meters and grows well both in the greenhouse and in the open field.
- De Barao golden. This type has an optimal combination of high productivity and usefulness. From one bush you can collect almost 8 kilograms of a ripe crop. Like the orange variety, the gold variety is high in carotene.
- De Barao striped. The oval fruits of this tomato are red in color with brown longitudinal stripes. Tasty and dense tomatoes weigh about 70 grams and are great for preservation.
Preparation of planting material and soil
The process of self-preparation of seeds is quite troublesome and time-consuming. Therefore, it is optimal to purchase ready-made De Barao tomato seeds, which are already disinfected and covered with a layernutrients.
In the case of self-collection of seeds, it is important to properly prepare them for sowing. To do this, you need a cotton cloth cut into strips, or bandages, in the center of which a small amount of seeds is poured. After that, the bandage is rolled up with a tube and the edges are tied with a thread. The bundles are placed in a container with a solution of potassium permanganate for 15 minutes, then washed under running water and sent overnight to a growth stimulant solution. The next preparation step will be soaking the planting material for two days at room temperature. Then the seeds are placed overnight in the refrigerator compartment.
For planting seedlings, soil with a light and loose structure is required. To do this, mix equal parts of earth and humus and add a glass of ash to them, as well as a small amount of superphosphate preparation.
De Barao tomato seedlings begin to be sown in mid-March. Prepared seeds are sown on the surface of the soil, after which they are sprinkled with a thin layer of earth and watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate to protect against diseases. After that, the seedling box is covered with a film and placed in a warm and well-lit place. Every 2-3 days, be sure to check the soil moisture and water the seedlings as needed. A week after sowing, the first sprouts begin to appear.
Proper care of tomatoes at the seedling stage allows you to grow a he althy plant that will delight you with a full-bodied and plentifulharvest.
Before germination, keep the air temperature at least +25 °C. Immediately after the appearance of the first sprouts, the temperature is lowered to +15 ° C during the day and +10 ° C at night, and after a week it is raised again to +22 ° C. Water the seedlings with warm settled water using a spray bottle. After the development of 5-6 leaves, watering is carried out every 3-4 days.
For normal development, seedlings require prolonged exposure to sunlight - at least 12 hours a day. In cloudy weather, it is necessary to organize a source of artificial lighting and apply potash preparations to the soil. In addition, every two weeks, seedlings are fed with a weak solution of superphosphate. And as they grow, the seedlings are transplanted into larger containers with fresh soil.
Transplanting in open ground
When planting seedlings in March, the bushes reach half a meter in height by the end of spring. With the onset of warm weather, seedlings begin to be transferred to shaded areas in the fresh air. In early June, they begin transplanting De Barao tomatoes into open ground conditions, and for better engraftment, this process is carried out in the evening. Holes for planting are dug at a distance of at least 90 centimeters from each other. A small amount of compost and humus is added to the bottom of each hole, after which the bush is transferred and gently sprinkled with earth. When transplanting, they immediately organize a support for the tomato, to which the main stem is tied with a soft cloth.
Water and pinching
VarietyTomato De Barao is quite picky about soil moisture. The advantage of these tomatoes is resistance to late blight, which develops due to high humidity. So don't be afraid to add more water. In hot summers, no less than a bucket of water is brought under each bush. The only condition for watering is the use of warm water. In sunny weather, tomatoes are watered every 2 days, in more cloudy and cool weather, it is enough to water them every 5 days. First, a small amount of water is poured to impregnate the top layer of soil, and only after that the rest is poured.
The formation of a bush begins at the earliest stages of cultivation. Stepchildren (side stems) interfere with the proper formation of fruits. Since De Barao tomatoes are indeterminate varieties, pinching is a necessary procedure for caring for bushes. Due to the waste of energy on the development of a large number of useless shoots, the plant does not have enough nutrients to form full-fledged fruits. Therefore, if you refuse pinching, there is a great chance of getting small and slowly ripening fruits.
Stepchildren grow on the main stem, developing in the axils of the leaves. For the painlessness of the procedure, stepchildren are removed young - up to 5 centimeters in height. And for faster drying of the cut points, pinch in sunny weather. The formation of the bush is carried out every 5-6 days. The bush should consist of no more than three stems.
According to reviews of tomatoes De Barao, the variety can be classified as medium-late and often does not have time to fully ripen in harshour climate conditions. But do not worry about this - the fruits ripen perfectly outside the bush. The main harvest is in August. Ripe tomatoes are to be consumed immediately and processed, for example, to make tomato paste or juice. Such tomatoes are stored for no more than five days. And specimens collected at the green and white stage can be stored and ripened in a warm and well-ventilated area for a month. The main condition for storing the crop is low humidity in the room. Dampness causes tomatoes to spoil faster.