House dimensions: determining the area, calculation rules, taking into account all the needs necessary for living, project, layout, calculation of funds, design and decoration ideas

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House dimensions: determining the area, calculation rules, taking into account all the needs necessary for living, project, layout, calculation of funds, design and decoration ideas
House dimensions: determining the area, calculation rules, taking into account all the needs necessary for living, project, layout, calculation of funds, design and decoration ideas
Anonim

The construction of any house begins with a project and site planning. A garden and outbuildings are recommended to be located in the depths of the site, and a garden can be planted either around the house, or allocate a plot of land near the house. Developing original projects, the architects provide it with all the amenities for living, offer the best and most durable constructions. However, this takes into account the size of the house.

General information

We will start the analysis of the house with the project of a five-level house "Comfort-2". This is an improved version of the building being designed.

This analysis of the size of the house assumes that the first (basement) level is a garage, basement, sauna and hozblok; the second level includes two bedrooms, a common hall and a kitchen. On the third level there is a living room, where steps lead. The fourth level is an attic and a balcony. The fifth level is an internal balcony-gallery located above the hotel, where an office and a library are located.

According to the rules for calculating the area of ​​a house,the footage of each room is determined and all the results are added up. The total area of ​​the house can be found in the data sheet. Verandas and balconies, a porch, a toilet, places for stairs and closets, as well as an attic are not taken into account.

Private house. Determining parameters

In this aspect, the dimensions of a private house are measured by BTI employees or independently. For a better solution to the issue of the Comfort-2 project 8 × 8 m, let's figure out which parameters are suitable for the building. Standard house dimensions are approximately 80 - 90 m2. Of these, the living room accounts for 18.0 m2, it is located on the south side; kitchen - 4, 8 m2: here guests and family members usually stay; a bedroom with a size of at least 11.0 m2, there are 2 rooms in the project; a hall with an area of ​​11.0 m2, wardrobes and hangers are located here. And other areas: garage - 18.0 m2; basement (boiler room) - 10.6 m2.

House dimensions

Dimensions of residential building

When choosing individual parts of the building, it is reasonable to be guided not by the emotions and advice of Danaan personalities, but by practical considerations: where, what and how the living and auxiliary rooms are located, what structure and composition of the earth is allocated for the foundation. To determine what size house we need, first we must clearly imagine the basic layout of a residential building, its number of storeys, the height of window openings and ceiling levels, the number of rooms and ancillary facilities. It is also customary to designate the level of the roof ridge and the top of the chimneys. It is necessary to designate the main, courtyard andhouse side elevations, foundation and site plans.

It is also necessary to know the levels of soil freezing (STF), which can be determined from a comparative map of normative soil freezing depths. In our lane, the level of freezing is 1.5 meters and depends on the quality of the soil. Determining the size of the house, you should decide on the appropriateness of the basement device. Basement, garage and premises: a bathroom, a workshop and a sauna are best built at a deep groundwater level. But if the groundwater lies close to the surface, then it is reasonable to have an underground or a planning mark of the earth (POZ) raised to a level above groundwater.

House with a balcony

Planning a residential building

A real house planning solution provides for a set of rooms that will provide comfortable living conditions in the house. This is day and night comfort; hygiene and physical he alth; consumption and cooking. Personal comfort includes:

1) electricity and heat supply;

2) sewerage and ventilation;

3) water use and others.

As part of any such building should have a common room (hall), bedrooms, kitchen, bathroom and utility rooms. In the aspect of a residential building, the dimensions, the minimum standards are determined by: living room - 12 sq.m / width 3 m; bedroom - 8 sq.m / width 2.4 m; kitchen - 6 sq.m / width 2 m; bathroom - 1, 2 sq.m and beyond. The height of the premises is determined at least 2.5 m. In a private building, the following are separated: residential area, utility and entrance areas. That is 3 zones. In the layout of the house with dimensions, the living area includes rooms foradults, children and guests, as well as a hall, a corridor and a veranda. Other rooms belong to utility and entrance areas.

How to calculate the size of a house

Front panels. Species

When choosing a project for the construction of an individual private house, you need to decide what material to build the house that suits you. Materials, taking into account their characteristics, are divided into types: log and block; stone and brick; panel (thermopanel) and panel board; vacuum-granulated slabs (VGP) and arbolites; monolithic and composite (SIP - panel). And other solutions: adobe and adobe in modern versions. It is known that materials and constructive solutions for erecting walls (structures) are chosen based on climatic conditions, savings and accounting for money, comfort and durability of the building, architectural design of facades and interiors. Materials must be environmentally friendly. When using a thermal panel or VGP, the size of the panel house fully corresponds to the parameters of the planned height of the walls of the building being designed. Thermal panels and VGP with clinker cladding make it possible to sheathe the building in a short time. The applied insulation layers do not absorb moisture. Thermal panels and VGP have low thermal conductivity and relative strength, are resistant to fire and various biological effects. The material (thermopanel; VGP) is easy to install and further operate.

Panel house

Design and decoration

The idea and idea of ​​the future premises, which would be reflected in modern,Scandinavian or alternative styles. The choice of colors, materials and production of decor play an important role in the interior of the house. When determining the style (they are different), the general background, color and objects are taken into account. Here are some design ideas: a level library with an office; zoning with floor levels in the kitchen; rack - lamp and chairs - benches in the kitchen; starry ceiling and space nebula on the rug; square porthole in the room; entrance door with a round lattice window; wall paintings and stoves in figured frames, amulets drawings; on the wall at the head of the bed are paintings of books and landscapes; corner panoramic insulated windows overlooking nature; trapezoidal shutters on the windows; balls lamps on the floor on the sides of the chair. On the Internet you can find other ideas for design and decoration.

space ceiling house

Conclusion

When choosing the size of the house, it is better to stick to a reasonable middle. Do not succumb to the passion for space, gigantism. It is advisable to build a house for growth: first, the necessary premises (kitchen, bedroom, common room, toilet, etc.), and then other premises can be completed. If we take ready-made standard projects, then a four-level two-story house is preferable. At the selection stage, calculate the construction budget based on the cost of one sq.m. the required area of ​​1000 USD (conditional money). With economical construction, this amount is reduced by 30-40%.

house drawing

It is important to determine the timing of completion of construction and sources of financingthis construction site.

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