Chibis tomatoes do not require special care, so even beginners can easily grow them. Gardeners like this variety because of its ripening time, because it does not need to be tied up and stepchildren, because of the stable high yield both in greenhouses and in the open field.
Description of tomato variety Chibis
Chibis variety was bred and entered into the State Register in 2007. Recommended for cultivation throughout Russia. It can be grown both in open ground and in greenhouses and film shelters. At the same time, yields are higher in the greenhouse.
Chibis is a mid-early tomato variety, it takes about 3 months from sowing seeds to harvesting the first harvest.
Key characteristics of Lapwing tomato:
- The variety is determinant, standard.
- The stem is strong enough.
- The bush itself is compact, 70-80 cm high, does not require a garter.
- As a rule, does not need pinching, but moderate pinching is possible in greenhouses.
- Plants have dark green, medium-sized leaves with uneven andrough surface.
- Inflorescence simple.
Chibis fruits are great for both pickling and summer salads. The dense skin prevents the fruit from cracking during preservation. Also, thanks to the dense skin, tomatoes are well transported and stored for a long time.
The pulp is dense, the taste is sweet with a little sourness. The fruits are small in size, weighing 50-70 g. The color of the fruit is bright red. The content of solids - 5, 9%. The shape of the tomatoes is elongated, with a small tip. The fruit itself is fleshy, has 2-3 seed chambers.
The timing of the ripening of the Chibis tomato depends on climatic and weather conditions, and averages 90-110 days.
Tomato yields can also vary depending on care. With good care and favorable growing conditions, it can be about 15 kg per 1 sq. m, but on average it is 2-3 kg of tomatoes from 1 bush.
In greenhouses, as a rule, the yield is higher. The variety bears fruit together, and this is its feature. To increase yields, it is recommended to pick unripe tomatoes.
Diseases and pests
Due to the short ripening period, the Lapwing tomato is resistant to the main disease of tomatoes - late blight. He simply does not have time to catch them. But to prevent this common disease, adult bushes can be treated with phytosporin in accordance with the instructions. Also, the variety is practically not exposed to top and root rot.
In orderTo prevent disease, many gardeners recommend watering plants with a weak solution of manganese about once a month.
Dignity of the variety
From the reviews of the Lapwing tomato, you can determine many of its advantages:
- Good yield: in open ground - 2-3 kg per bush; in a greenhouse - 3-4 kg per bush.
- The variety is not afraid of night temperature changes.
- Intense tomato fruit flavor and typical tomato aroma.
- Low bushes have a thick stem, which means they do not need to be tied up and resist adverse environmental conditions well.
- Tomato is unpretentious in care.
- Fruits are well stored and transported due to their dense skin and pulp.
- Fruits contain many useful substances: manganese, magnesium, potassium and B vitamins.
As such, the variety has no flaws.
Cultivation of tomato Lapwing begins with sowing seeds for seedlings. If you plant seeds directly into the ground, then there is no guarantee that the seedlings will be good and the bushes will be strong.
It is better to buy seeds from reliable producers in order to avoid regrading and low-quality seed material. From the purchased material, you need to choose the largest and most complete seeds. After that, the seeds are disinfected: they are soaked for 20 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. You can also treat with hydrogen peroxide: soak in a 3% solution for 8 minutes.
Also, the seeds are treated with growth stimulants - so the sprouts sprout more friendly and faster. For this you canbuy special products or use folk remedies (aloe juice, potato juice). in growth stimulants, the seeds are soaked for 12-18 hours.
After preparation, the seeds are sown in pre-prepared soil. Ideal option: mix purchased soil and humus or sand. The sowing depth is usually 2-4 cm, after which the containers must be covered with polyethylene and put away in a warm place.
In about 5-7 days, the first shoots will appear, they must immediately be transferred to a sunny windowsill. The Lapwing tomato really needs light, so if it is not enough, you can light it up with special lamps.
After the appearance of two true leaves, the seedlings can dive into separate containers. Further care is regular watering and fertilizing. Once every ten days, seedlings can be fed with a complex mineral fertilizer.
Seeds are sown at the end of March, and already in May, when the threat of frost has passed, seedlings can be planted in open ground. The readiness of seedlings for planting can be checked by real leaves - there should be 6-7 of them. The soil temperature should be at least 15 degrees. If tomatoes are planted in a greenhouse, then the soil must be warmed up at least 10 degrees.
Chibis is a non-stepping tomato, so the distance between the bushes is enough to leave 50-60 cm. Pour water into the prepared holes, plant seedlings and shade it for 3-4 days.
In the first week after planting, it is not necessary to water the tomatoes, then watering is carried out about 1 time perweek, mostly in the evenings. When the fruits begin to form, you need to water a little more often.
You need to feed every ten days with complex mineral fertilizer. Stepchildren and tie bushes are not necessary. You can only remove excess leaves so that the fruits turn red faster. Leaves should be removed regularly. Also, this measure contributes to better ventilation.
In addition, weeding and regular loosening are needed - after each watering. Loosen should not be deep, so as not to damage the root system.
As a conclusion, we can say that the Lapwing tomato is an unpretentious variety that does not require special care. But at the same time, it is resistant to major diseases and has an excellent taste. The versatility of the fruit is another great advantage of the variety. All these qualities make the variety popular and in demand.